At 150, Red Cross is as relevant as ever: president
At 150, Red Cross is as relevant as ever: president
“150 years of history show that ICRC is needed today more than ever,” Peter Maurer told AFP at his office at the organization’s headquarters in Geneva ahead of anniversary celebrations on February 17.
Flanked by four framed Nobel Peace Prize diplomas — three won by the organization itself in 1917, 1944 and 1963 and one by one of its founders Henry Dunant, who was honored the first time the prize was awarded in 1901 — he described how the ICRC had grown over the years from a small group of philanthropic volunteers to an operation counting 12,000 employees with a $1.2-billion budget.
“My conclusion is that if the ICRC is getting bigger and bigger ... this is because there are incontestable needs to address,” Maurer said. “Conflicts have not become less damaging for civilian populations or for soldiers.”
Maurer is a career diplomat who took over the reins last July. Like all ICRC presidents, he is Swiss.
The organization’s cardinal role, he said, was in developing the concept of international humanitarian law as detailed in the Geneva Conventions.
The organization has through the years not only “tried its best to protect populations and care for soldiers in the battle fields, but has also been responsible for developing laws, and inspiring diplomats and states’ policies to create the legal framework necessary to ensure a minimum of respect for humanity in wars, armed conflicts and battles,” he said.
After decades of watching nation states clash, the ICRC increasingly finds itself confronted with a new breed of armed conflicts involving independent armed groups, Maurer said.
In facing this challenge, the organization is relying on the values that helped build its reputation more than a century ago.
“The philosophy and the methods the ICRC developed for dealing with nation states are also valid for the non-state groups that we are seeing today.
“There are no alternatives to discussion and constant engagement when it comes to convincing them to respect laws, the rules of conduct (during armed conflict), to distinguish between military personnel and civilians, and rules of conduct for how to treat prisoners,” he said.
Never resorting to military means is an important secret to the ICRC’s success, Maurer said. “We are a humanitarian organization. we do not protect ourselves with weapons,” he argued.
“Our strength, is our conviction,” he said.
“It is being on the ground, near the conflicts, knowing the different actors, being aware of the population’s suffering and responding to the population’s needs.
“And it is about engaging with the arms-bearers to get them to respect a minimum” of humanitarian law, he added.
“That is the essence of what we are doing in Afghanistan, in Syria, in Somalia, and in (the Democratic Republic of) Congo.”
The Swiss diplomat described how his organization today was working to bring relief to populations hit by around a dozen large-scale conflicts.
While the conflicts most in the media spotlight, such as the civil wars in Syria and Mali, are dreadful and serious, he stressed that worse conflicts in terms of human suffering are going on under the radar.
“If I would make a calculation of people in dire need of aid, I would certainly put first on the front page the conflicts in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in Somalia, in Yemen, in Afghanistan and in the Sahel,” Maurer said.
Unlike the United Nations agencies, the ICRC’s donors give it full freedom to distribute the aid it provides where it believes it is most needed, regardless of where the television cameras are, he said.
ICRC donors “don’t force us to use the contributions in specific situations, but allow us to evaluate the needs and channel the humanitarian aid accordingly,” Maurer said.
The organization had “an important role to constantly remind the international community (of) where the objective needs are,” he added.
Despite its “distinct mandate and way of doing things,” the ICRC acknowledges that in the face of growing needs, it will need to cooperate more going forward with the national Red Cross and Red Crescent societies, as well as with the UN agencies and other large non-governmental organizations.
“Balancing distinction and cooperation is a big challenge,” Maurer said.
Golden Globe Race seek to rescue injured Indian sailor
- The Australian Joint Rescue Co-ordination Center is working hard to assess and coordinate all possible options to rescue Abhilas Tomy
PARIS: The organizers of the round-the-world Golden Globe Race said Saturday they were scrambling to rescue missing Indian sailor Abhilash Tomy, but admitted he was “as far from help as you can possibly be.”
Tomy’s yacht Thuriya had its mast broken off when it was rolled in a storm on Friday and the yachtsman suffered what he called “a severe back injury.”
The organizers described him as “incapacitated on his bunk inside his boat” and his yacht is 2,000 miles (3,704 kilometers) off the coast of Perth, Western Australia.
On Saturday, he managed to send a message saying: “Extremely difficult to walk, Might need stretcher, can’t walk, thanks safe inside the boat... Sat phone down.”
The organizers said on the race website: “The Australian Joint Rescue Co-ordination Center is working hard to assess and coordinate all possible options to rescue Abhilas Tomy who is as far from help as you can possibly be.”
Tomy, a 39-year-old commander in the Indian navy, is able to communicate using a YB3 texting unit but his primary satellite phone is damaged.
He has a second satellite phone and a handheld VHF radio packed in an emergency bag, but organizers said he was unable to reach it for the moment.
The organizers said they had urged him to try to get to the bag because it could be crucial in making contact with a plane from Australia and an Indian air force plane which might be able to fly over the area.
Given the distance from land, the planes will not be able to spend long in the area, the organizers added.
A French fishing boat was also heading to the scene “but may not arrive for a few days.”
The Golden Globe Race involves a gruelling 30,000-mile solo circumnavigation of the globe in yachts similar to those used in the first race 50 years ago, with no modern technology allowed except the communication equipment.
Tomy’s own yacht is a replica of Robin Knox-Johnston’s Suhail, winner of the first Golden Globe Race.