Brazil plans biodiversity study of Amazon

Updated 27 January 2013
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Brazil plans biodiversity study of Amazon

BRASILIA: Brazil will undertake the massive task of cataloging the trees of the Amazon, in an effort to better monitor and protect the world’s largest tropical forest, the environment ministry announced Friday.
The planned tree census, set to take four years, “will allow us to have a broad panorama of the quality and the conditions in the forest cover,” the ministry said in a statement.
The head of the national forest service said that the survey will provide a detailed knowledge of the rainforest, which has been under environmental threat from logging and climate change.
“We are going to come to know the rainforest from within,” said Forestry Minister Antonio Carlos Hummel.
The last such exhaustive survey of the rainforest was undertaken in 1970.
Scientists say that the Amazon rainforest — sometimes referred to as the lungs of the planet because of all the oxygen created by the plant life there — has been shrinking at an alarming rate.
The government made a commitment in 2009 to reduce deforestation in the Amazon by 80 percent by 2020.


Ancient skeleton of child found in ruins of Pompeii's bath

Updated 25 April 2018
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Ancient skeleton of child found in ruins of Pompeii's bath

ROME (AP) — Work at ancient thermal baths in Pompeii's ruins has revealed the skeleton of a crouching child who perished in Mount Vesuvius' eruption in AD 79.
Pompeii's director Massimo Osanna said in a statement Wednesday that the skeleton, believed to be of a 7- or 8-year-old child, was found during work in February to shore up the main ancient baths in the sprawling archaeological site. The skeleton was removed on Tuesday from the baths' area for study, including DNA testing to determine the sex.
Osanna said it appears the skeleton might have been first spotted during a 19th-century excavation of the area, since the leg bones were orderly placed near the pelvis, but, for reasons unclear, wasn't removed by those earlier archaeologists.
Experts think deadly volcanic gases killed the child.