Brotherhood vows no violence as tension grips Cairo

Updated 11 December 2012

Brotherhood vows no violence as tension grips Cairo

CAIRO: They showed a military-style precision: Crowds of conservative proclaiming allegiance to Egypt’s President Muhammad Mursi and chanting “God is great” as they descended on tents set up by anti-Mursi protesters outside the presidential palace, swinging clubs and firing rifles. They set up a detention facility, interrogating and beating captured protesters.
The scene from bloody clashes outside the presidential palace a week ago hangs over Egypt’s political crisis as a daunting sign of how much more violent the confrontation could become between Mursi’s supporters and the opposition that has launched a giant wave of protests against him.
Opponents of Mursi accuse his Muslim Brotherhood supporters of unleashing highly trained cadres — fired up with religious slogans — to crush their political rivals. They fear last week’s violence was a signal that the Brotherhood will use force to push its agenda and defend its political gains in the face of a persistent protest movement demanding that Mursi withdraw a draft constitution largely written by his Islamist allies.
Ahead of a new mass rallies planned by both sides yesterday, masked gunmen attacked anti-Mursi protesters in Cairo’s central Tahrir Square before dawn, firing birdshot at them and wounding nine. It was unclear who was behind the attack, said security officials, speaking on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to talk to the press.
Officials from the Brotherhood and its political party deny using violence to quell critics. Regarding the clashes last Wednesday, the worst violence yet in the crisis, they say Mursi supporters were defending the palace and accuse the protesters of starting the battles. They claim their side suffered more deaths and injuries during the clashes, which left at least eight people dead. More broadly, the Brotherhood accuses former regime supporters of paying thugs in an organized campaign to topple Islamists from power, pointing to a series of attacks on Brotherhood offices the past weeks.
“The group and the party don’t use violence and have no inclination to the use of violence,” said Mourad Aly, a Brotherhood party spokesman. He added, “We will never allow an attack or breach on the palace.” However, when last week’s violence began, the only protesters outside the palace were around 100 conducting a sit-in in the tents, and the allegiances of those killed remain controversial. Opponents and rights lawyers charge that the Brotherhood has tried to convince some families to declare their deceased sons as Brotherhood.
Testimonies and videos that have emerged from the nearly 15 hours of street clashes show an organized group of disciplined Islamists, working in units and carrying out military-type exercises as they broke up the tent sit-in at the palace.
Opponents of the Brotherhood frequently accuse the group of running a “militia.” The group is known for its tight discipline, and it acknowledges that many of its young members undergo organized martial arts training — but it vehemently denies forming any militias.
Tharwat el-Kherbawy, a former Brotherhood member and now an opponent of the group, said the Brotherhood’s central organizational doctrine — calling on members to “hear and obey” their leaders — gives it a military-like structure.
When the Brotherhood met a stronger than expected protest movement, “they had no hesitation in hastening to implement their ideas and resorting to violence,” he said. “If their empowerment project is facing resistance, this resistance must be quelled.” Wednesday’s showdown was the fiercest display of the Brotherhood’s strength, but similar, smaller attacks on opponents by Brotherhood members took place at least three times earlier this year when secular and liberal groups criticized the Brotherhood’s grip on power.
During last Wednesday’s fighting, nearly 140 anti-Mursi protesters were tortured and interrogated at a makeshift detention center set up by the Brotherhood along the walls of the presidential palace, according to witnesses.

The detained protesters were filmed making forced confessions that they had received foreign funds, according to some who were held and an Egyptian journalist who snuck into the site.
One of the victims, Yehia Negm, an Egyptian diplomat, said he was dragged on the ground to the center where he was beaten. He is suffering from multiple injuries in the head, eye, nose, and ribs from beating and had remains of pellets in his forehead from gunfire during the clashes.
“When they found my ID that says a diplomat, they started accusing me of working with security agencies, of being a spy and of serving foreign countries,” Negm said. “They rained beatings down on me. They started yelling at me, saying, ‘You infidels, you want to burn the country down, you are not Muslims.’” Around 20 Islamists manned the center, made up of metal barricades erected against the palace wall, said Mohammed Elgarhy, a local journalist with the daily Al-Masry Al-Youm who snuck in and spent nearly four hours there. Among them was a man he recognized as a well-known Brotherhood lawyer and two others he overheard speaking with a Brotherhood leader. The others, who he said he believed were Brotherhood members, carried out the beatings and interrogations.
“The Brotherhood were carrying out the job of the Interior Ministry,” Elgarhy told AP. “They would arrest anyone they suspected ... asking them questions such as who paid for you to come here.” Troops from the Central Security Forces guarded the site, but did not interfere, he said. The Brotherhood has not addressed accusations about the detention center but says it did seize protesters and hand them over to police.
The violence came a day after hundreds of thousands marched on the palace in Cairo’s upper middle class district of Heliopolis, demanding Mursi withdraw the draft constitution and sweeping powers that he had given himself in a series of decrees.
After the rally, around 100 protesters remained in the tent camp. In response, the Brotherhood called a “general mobilization” of its members, and its spokesman said the group will protect the legitimacy of the president and state institutions.
The next day, last Wednesday, thousands of Islamists lined up on a main boulevard near the palace, chanting “Power, Resolve, Faith, Mursi’s men are everywhere,” and threatening to douse the tents with gasoline, according to video of the scene posted on YouTube.
The Islamists then stormed the camp, chanting “God is great” and “Islamic law is fundamental in Egypt,” as they tore down tents and chased away the protesters. They then ransacked the tents. Brotherhood supporters claimed they found evidence of drug use at the camp — though they never showed any — and that burnt charcoal and processed cheese in the tents proved the protest was foreign funded, without explanation. The accusations were reminiscent of those leveled by the regime of ousted President Hosni Mubarak against the protesters who rose up against his rule in early 2011.
As news of the attack spread, more anti-Mursi protesters arrived on the scene. Buses, shown parked nearby in videos, brought in Brotherhood supporters. By sunset a full-fledged street battle transformed Heliopolis into a war zone, spreading over at least three fronts near the palace. Protesters and witnesses put the number of Mursi supporters at up to 12,000 compared to several thousand protesters.
Bearded men in short robes waved sticks in the air as they chased groups of young men and women down darkened alleys while gunfire echoed in the background.
A resident of a building overlooking one front line said Mursi supporters appeared to be operating by what a well-rehearsed plan. They came prepared with metal sheets for barricades and motorcycles with small trailers attached brought loads of stones to pelt protesters with. The resident spoke on condition his name not be used for fear of retribution.
Some Mursi supporters were armed with rifles, firing from the edges of the front lines to avoid being detected, said Mahmoud Zaghloul, a 22-year old protester who got hit with a rock in his head. He also said many in the Mursi camp came prepared with helmets with plexi-glass face screens.
At least one video shown on a private TV station shows a man in the Mursi camp, wearing a full helmet, taking a professional shooter position, bending his knees and aiming with a rifle.
“One of the most disturbing things was how they chanted ‘God is Great’ as they aimed at us,” as if they were firing at infidels, Zaghloul said.
Some in the anti-Mursi camp also had firearms, witnesses said. At least one amateur video circulating online that showed an anti-Mursi protester pointing a pistol from behind a barricade at the opposing camp.
The exact circumstances of the online videos could not be independently confirmed, but their contents were consistent with other AP reporting.

Houthi militias 'recruit children and force them to fight on Yemen front lines'

Updated 10 min 3 sec ago

Houthi militias 'recruit children and force them to fight on Yemen front lines'

  • Col. Turki Al-Maliki, the coalition spokesman, said the Iran-backed group are also using civilians as human shields in Hodeidah, where a battle is raging for control of the country’s largest port.
  • The coalition spokesman said eight members of Hezbollah, the Lebanese militia, were seized in an ambush in Saada —  the province in the north which is a Houthi stronghold.

RIYADH: Yemen’s Houthi militias are recruiting children by force and making them fight on the front lines, the Saudi-led coalition said on Monday.

Col. Turki Al-Maliki, the coalition spokesman, said the Iran-backed group are also using civilians as human shields in Hodeidah, where a battle is raging for control of the country’s largest port.

The claims came a day after Saudi air defenses intercepted two ballistic missiles launched by the Houthis over the capital.

The attack brings the total number of ballistic missiles launched by the militia against Saudi Arabia to 155, Al-Maliki said at a press conference in Riyadh.

In Yemen, he said coalition forces were removing hundreds of thousands of land mines planted by the Houthis. 

Army engineering support teams were continuing demining operations in Hajjah, northwestern Yemen and more than 600,000 planted by the Houthis in Hodeidah have been removed so far, Al-Maliki said. 

Yemeni pro-government forces backed by the Arab coalition are fighting to seize the city from the Houthis. The capture of the city and its port - one of the main supply lines to the country, could prove to be pivotal in the outcome of the war. 

The coalition have called on the Houthis to withdraw from the city.  

UN envoy Martin Griffiths is due in Aden on Wednesday for talks with President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi, who was forced to flee the capital Sanaa when the Houthis seized the city in 2014. 

Al-Maliki also gave an update on progress made by pro-government forces in other parts of the country.

The coalition spokesman said eight members of Hezbollah, the Lebanese militia, were seized in an ambush in Saada —  the province in the north which is a Houthi stronghold.

They were captured on Monday along with a senior Houthi leader in the Al-Malahit district.

Al-Maliki said Yemeni forces had succeeded in controlling several villages in Al-Bayda province and that the Yemeni army had regained control of several positions in Harf Sufyan, west of Taiz.

“The Yemeni army, with the support of the Saudi-led coalition, continues its advances in Saada,” he added.

Al-Maliki said the Saudi-led coalition supports all the efforts of UN envoy Griffiths.

The Saudi coalition sent 12 trucks carrying aid to Hodeidah and the coalition will continue to allow relief vessels to enter the port, despite Houthi efforts to block aid access to civilians.