Published — Tuesday 25 December 2012
Last update 25 December 2012 6:01 am
IT is the end of all battles and the end of all problems, said one of the citizens celebrating the results of the referendum on the Egyptian Constitution. Unfortunately he is wrong. The way that President Muhammad Mursi imposed the constitution is only the beginning of a thorny road filled with problems which he could have avoided, especially since the battle over the constitution could have been delayed for several months until there was harmony in the country.
Now standing in front of Mursi and his government is a large opposition alliance, which before the vote was only a scattered and inactive set of forces. This new front formed in the Egyptian arena as a result of the imposition of the draft constitution will fight the Brotherhood, which aims to capture the state’s government, presidency, legislative councils and muzzle the media.
Indeed, problems began because of the imposition of the arbitrary constitution as international institutions scrambled to stop the loans and grants promised to the Mursi’s government in response to the Egyptian government freezing its decisions. In addition, the government issued decisions to raise prices which was retreated in less than two hours for fear of an angry reaction from the street reflected in the queues to vote in the referendum against the constitution. Spontaneous reactions froze the funds requested by the government of Kandil.
The constitution in itself will not feed the Egyptian people and will not provide people with jobs or housing.
Whoever voted “yes” will not forgive Mursi when prices rise tomorrow and will not forgive him when hundreds of thousands of young people are laid off from their jobs. Because of their stubbornness and political mismanagement, Mursi will find himself alone in the street after the exclusion of most of the other parties and those around them because of the constitution, indeed will turn them into opponents. Thus, Mursi will not find any support in this very difficult time.
The Egyptian pound has been devalued and market prices are rising. The tourism sector is estimated to have more than one million unemployed workers because of chaos and fear in the hotel and tourism industry. If this were only the beginning, what would Mursi do to calm the rest of the Egyptian sections tricked into believing that a “yes” vote would mean stability?
The constitution-writing project was an opportunity to combine the forces of Parliament and work toward a formulation that would satisfy everyone. Egyptians would feel that he met the minimum requirements. But without everyone’s agreement, there is no value to the constitution as long as some consider it to be illegal and imposed on them by force.
In the referendum, only one-third of registered people voted, which means that the constitution is also unpopular. Resignations from inside the presidential palace came one after the other, and Egyptian society became divided between the two teams. Nevertheless, Mursi’s team will shrink after facing the harsh reality of the coming days because of the deteriorating economic conditions that may not be blamed upon Mursi or his government, but he will be blamed for promises of prosperity for all.