Published — Sunday 24 February 2013
Last update 24 February 2013 12:10 am
RIYADH: Saudi Arabia has published a roadmap for its renewable energy program, aimed at reducing the amount of oil it burns in power stations, and targets issuing final bids for the first plants within three months.
The Kingdom aims to install 23.9 gigawatts (GW) of renewable power capacity by 2020 and 54.1 GW by 2032, it said in the roadmap, which would make Saudi Arabia one of the world’s main producers of renewable electricity.
In 2011, global installed capacity for photovoltaic (PV) solar power, the most common solar technology, was 69.4 GW, the BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2012 said.
The Kingdom says it has crude output capacity of 12.5 million barrels a day, but domestic oil consumption is rising quickly and may start to cut into the amount of energy available for export.
The King Abdullah City for Atomic and Renewable Energy (KACARE), the government department responsible for the program, last year published its vision for a long-term energy mix that relied on big contributions from solar and nuclear energy.
KACARE said in its roadmap, a white paper published recently, that it aims to issue a request for prequalification for the first rewewable plants within two months, a final tender within three months and to award contracts within a year.
It said the initial contracts would be part of an “introductory” procurement round of 500-800 megawatts, but that it would launch two more tenders within three years for 7 GW of installed capacity. It said 5.1 GW would be installed in the first five years.
Saudi Arabia wants most of the new renewable energy capacity to come from two solar power technologies, but is also seeking to generate electricity from wind, geothermal and waste-to-energy projects.
KA-CARE specified that in the first two bidding rounds after the introductory procurement round, it wanted 2.4 GW of PV solar energy capacity and 2.1 GW of solar thermal capacity.
Renewable power developers will have 20-year contracts to sell electricity to a new government body that will in turn sell it on to the national grid.
New projects will have minimum requirements for local content and the employment of Saudi nationals, KACARE said, and developers must contribute to a Saudi research and development program for renewable energy.
The initial tendering process for the first projects this year aims to determine the cost of installing major renewable plants in Saudi Arabia to set a pricing structure for future bidding rounds, it said.
The Kingdom has also concluded nuclear energy cooperation agreements with the US, Russia, China, France, South Korea and Argentina. It has still to agree a non-proliferation deal with Washington, however, preventing it from accessing US nuclear technology.
KA-CARE said last year that Saudi Arabia should install around 41 gigawatts of solar power over the next 20 years, more than any country has managed so far, as well as around 17 GW of nuclear capacity.
KA-CARE said the 41 GW of solar capacity would meet a third of expected peak power demand in 2032, while nearly a sixth of installed capacity should come from nuclear and about half from oil and gas.
“I’m confident Saudi Arabia will approve a diversified energy mix this year,” Khalid Al-Sulaiman, vice president for renewable energy at KA-CARE, said after a presentation outlining its recommendation to the Saudi government.
KA-CARE said the Kingdom should aim to build 16 GW of solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity and about 25 GW of concentrated solar power (CSP) capacity by 2032.
CSP is more expensive than PV but allows for electricity storage, so its use would not be limited to sunny periods.
A spokesman for KA-CARE added that the Kingdom should install a further 4 GW of geothermal and waste-to-energy capacity by the same date.