Makkah slum dwellers fear eviction

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Updated 13 November 2012
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Makkah slum dwellers fear eviction

MAKKAH: Close to the Grand Mosque and the glitzy 5-star hotels surrounding it lie slums whose mostly immigrant dwellers fear they will be evicted to make way for new high rises and malls.
In one such slum on Jabal Omar, humans, cats, lizards and mosquitoes coexist among piles of garbage, with sewage running openly along the narrow tracks on the rugged hill.
Children and old men in rags move about idly among the cracked adobe buildings.
The impoverished neighborhoods are divided by nationality, with the Yemeni quarter at the bottom of the hill, then the Africans and finally, at the very top, the Burmese, residents say.
"I first arrived here from Yemen when I was 15 years old," says 58-year-old Abu Ali. "I used to work as a plumber, but now that I've grown old and weak I work as a janitor."
Despite such squalid conditions, "I'm better off here than I would be in Yemen," said Abu Ali, referring to Yemen, from which many try to flee to Saudi Arabia in search of a better life.
Further up the hill's steep incline dotted with piles of trash, 24-year-old Mohammed Saleh sits on a time-worn step joking with a group of friends.
Beneath his tough exterior, Saleh reveals a vulnerable young man to whom life has not been so kind. "I couldn't continue my studies after my father was diagnosed with cancer," says Saleh, a sharp-eyed Yemeni who was born and raised on Jabal Omar.
"I'm happy here. It's a great neighborhood," he says with a grin. "Really, as long as I'm on the mountain I'm happy."
"Killings and thefts are more frequent if you climb further up the mountain, but here we haven't got such things," he says.
Saleh says many of the people living on Jabal Omar have been there "for 40 and 50 years. They are used to it... They could live nowhere else."
He points at a thick cable running along the ground where a stream of sewage is flowing. "This is the electricity we get," he says. "As for water, we haven't had any in about two months."
The residents of this and other poor neighborhoods across the holy city fear only one thing: a plan by the authorities to demolish the whole area to give way to modern developments.
"I rent the house I'm living in now for SR 1,000," said Abu Ali. "If it's gone, I wouldn't be able to find another apartment for less than SR 2,000. That's my whole salary."
Makkah Mayor Osama Albar has said the slum development project will cost "around $ 3 billion" and will take place in phases.
It will offer home owners living in these shabby, hilly neighborhoods a choice of either selling their properties to the government or taking shares in the new projects.
People who have rented apartments there, mostly immigrants, will also be offered assistance in finding flats at prices similar to what they now pay.
Around the Grand Mosque, the government has for years been expanding facilities to accommodate the increasing numbers of pilgrims arriving every year for Haj and Umrah. The ancient mud brick buildings have given way to skyscrapers.
The Makkah Development Authority's website says the slums in Makkah, as well as in Jeddah and Taif, where a combined total of nearly one million people live, "create a security, environmental and health challenge."
In Makkah, some 70 slums make up 25 percent of the city's urban area, it says.
Jabal Omar Development Co says it is developing a 230,000 sq. meter project, of which 52 percent will be dedicated to residential buildings.
The company's development, which also features towers and shopping areas, lies across the road from the Grand Mosque's plaza.
At the foot of the hill, African women, most of them Nigerians who usually come during Haj and stay, spread along the road selling anything they can get their hands on, including food, clothing and carpets.
"I come with my mother's friends who sell things here," says 16-year-old Shaza. "We sell everything."
"We're fine here, but we're now worried about having our houses demolished," she said. If this happens, "we don't know what we'll do. If we can, we'll stay here. Otherwise we'll have to return home."


KSRelief launches new phases of rehabilitation program for 2,000 child soldiers in Yemen

Updated 22 June 2018
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KSRelief launches new phases of rehabilitation program for 2,000 child soldiers in Yemen

DUBAI: The King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Centre launched on Thursday the fifth and sixth phases of the rehabilitation program for children recruited by the Houthi militias and forced into the armed conflict.

The two phases aim to rehabilitate 80 child soldiers from different governorates of Yemen, Saudi press agency SPA reported.

The previous stages carried out by the center targeted the recruits from the governorates of Amran, Al-Jawf, Marib and other governorates, where they were rehabilitated and integrated into society.

The project aims to rehabilitate 2,000 child soldiers.