BAMAKO, Mali: Soldiers arrested Mali’s prime minister and forced him to resign before dawn on Tuesday, showing that the military remains the real power in this troubled West Africa nation, even though officers made a show of handing back authority to a civilian-led government after a coup in March.
The development underscores the deep volatility at the heart of the once-stable nation of Mali, and reveals the threat that its military poses. The events come at the very moment that the United Nations is considering backing a military intervention, which would use these same soldiers to spearhead an operation to take back Mali’s north from Islamic extremists.
Prime Minister Cheikh Modibo Diarra, dressed in a dark suit, his forehead glistening with sweat, went on state TV at 4 a.m. to announce his resignation, hours after soldiers stormed his house and forced him into their vehicle.
“Our country is living through a period of crisis. Men and women who are worried about the future of our nation are hoping for peace,” he said on television. “It’s for this reason that I, Cheikh Modibo Diarra, a.m. resigning along with my entire government on this day, Tuesday, Dec. 11, 2012. I apologize before the entire population of Mali.”
After they taped his resignation, the soldiers allowed the 60-year-old to return to his residence Tuesday, where he is now under house arrest, said a spokesman for the junta, Bakary Mariko.
UN Security Council alarmed
The UN Security Council immediately condemned the coup and renewed a threat to impose sanctions on those who threaten the country’s “constitutional order.”
UN leader Ban Ki-moon is also “troubled” by the new turmoil in the African nation, where Islamist militants and rebels have taken over half the country, his spokesman said.
“The members of the Security Council condemn the arrest, on December 10, 2012, of the prime minister of Mali, Mr.Cheick Modibo Diarra, by members of the Malian Armed Forces,” said a council statement.
The 15-nation body said the action contravenes repeated UN calls for the Malian military to stop interfering in the west African nation’s transition.
“The members of the Security Council express their readiness to consider appropriate measures, including targeted sanctions, against those who prevent the restoration of the constitutional order and take actions that undermine stability in Mali,” added the statement.
The UN council called on interim president Dioncounda Traore to “swiftly reappoint an inclusive government of national unity.”
Later in the day, Mali state television announced that Traore has appointed Django Cissoko, a former secretary-general of the West African nation’s presidency, as prime minister.
The shake-up in Bamako is already looking like it might endanger plans for a military intervention, which is being discussed this week by the UN The African Union agreed to a plan calling for 3,300 African troops to be deployed to Mali to help the Malian military take back its northern territory, which fell to Al-Qaeda-linked rebels in the chaos following the military-led March 21 coup in the capital.
Already the United States and France are at odds on the best way forward, with France pushing for a quick intervention in order to expel the extremists, while the US is arguing for a more gradual approach, starting with negotiations.
Diarra’s forced resignation and arrest makes Western countries wary of getting involved in a military incursion, warned Germany’s Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle, a member of the UN Security Council.
“One thing is clear: Our offers of help come with the condition that the process of restoring constitutional order in Mali be conducted credibly,” Westerwelle said in a statement. “And it is only that way that the crisis in northern Mali can be resolved ... All the country’s political leaders must now act responsibly so that Mali returns to stability.”
Despite the events, however, a European Union military training session aimed at giving the Malian military the ability to oust the Islamic extremists is proceeding as planned, said Michael Mann, a spokesman for EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton.