Over 340 UK scholars boycott Israeli universities

Updated 31 October 2015

Over 340 UK scholars boycott Israeli universities

LONDON: Hundreds of British academics said Tuesday they would boycott contact with Israeli universities over the state’s “intolerable human rights violations” toward Palestinians.
The announcement, entitled “A commitment by UK scholars to the rights of Palestinians,” was printed as a full-page advertisement in The Guardian newspaper. The 343 academics from 72 institutions said they would still work with Israeli colleagues on an individual basis.
“We are deeply disturbed by Israel’s illegal occupation of Palestinian land, the intolerable human rights violations that it inflicts on all sections of the Palestinian people, and its apparent determination to resist any feasible settlement,” the advert said.
They said they would not accept invitations to visit Israeli academic institutions, participate in conferences funded, organized or sponsored by them, “or otherwise cooperate with them.”
“We will maintain this position until the state of Israel complies with international law and respects universal principles of human rights.” Jonathan Rosenhead, from the London School of Economics, a spokesman for the boycott, said Israeli universities were “at the heart of Israel’s violations of international law and oppression of the Palestinian people.”
The boycott cited Technion, the Israel Institute of Technology, as having created “special technology” to detect tunnels out of the Gaza Strip, and “weaponised unmanned bulldozers used to demolish Palestinian homes.”
Meanwhile, Ben Gurion University had conducted research “underpinning the on-going existence and deepening of discrimination within Israel’s water system,” it claimed.
The campaign comes a week after a letter signed by 150 British authors and artists, including Harry Potter author J. K. Rowling and double Booker Prize-winning novelist Hilary Mantel, said cultural boycotts that singled out Israel were “divisive and discriminatory, and will not further peace.”
Richard Verber, senior vice-president of the Board of Deputies of British Jews, asked why the academics were “singling out Israel in such a discriminatory fashion.”
“At a time of immense, often barbaric upheaval in other parts of the Middle East, Israel remains a beacon of academic excellence and progressive thinking,” he told the Jewish News newspaper.
Simon Johnson, chief executive of Britain’s Jewish Leadership Council, said: “These academics should realise that boycotts... do nothing to advance peace or improve the lives of Palestinians.”

Cybersecurity firm: More Iran hacks as US sanctions loom

Alister Shepherd, the director of a subsidiary of FireEye, during a presentation about the APT33 in Dubai Tuesday. (AP)
Updated 20 September 2018

Cybersecurity firm: More Iran hacks as US sanctions loom

  • The firm warns that this raises the danger level ahead of America re-imposing crushing sanctions on Iran’s oil industry in early November.
  • Iran’s mission to the UN rejected FireEye’s report, calling it “categorically false.”

DUBAI: An Iranian government-aligned group of hackers launched a major campaign targeting Mideast energy firms and others ahead of US sanctions on Iran, a cybersecurity firm said Tuesday, warning further attacks remain possible as America reimposes others on Tehran.

While the firm FireEye says the so-called “spear-phishing” email campaign only involves hackers stealing information from infected computers, it involves a similar type of malware previously used to inject a program that destroyed tens of thousands of terminals in Saudi Arabia.

The firm warns that this raises the danger level ahead of America re-imposing crushing sanctions on Iran’s oil industry in early November.

“Whenever we see Iranian threat groups active in this region, particularly in line with geopolitical events, we have to be concerned they might either be engaged in or pre-positioning for a disruptive attack,” Alister Shepherd, a director for a FireEye subsidiary, told The Associated Press.

Iran’s mission to the UN rejected FireEye’s report, calling it “categorically false.”

“Iran’s cyber capabilities are purely defensive, and these claims made by private firms are a form of false advertising designed to attract clients,” the mission said in a statement. “They should not be taken at face value.”

FireEye, which often works with governments and large corporations, refers to the group of Iranian hackers as APT33, an acronym for “advanced persistent threat.” APT33 used phishing email attacks with fake job opportunities to gain access to the companies affected, faking domain names to make the messages look legitimate. Analysts described the emails as “spear-phishing” as they appear targeted in nature.

FireEye first discussed the group last year around the same time. This year, the company briefed journalists after offering presentations to potential government clients in Dubai at a luxury hotel and yacht club on the man-made, sea-horse-shaped Daria Island.

While acknowledging their sales pitch, FireEye warned of the danger such Iranian government-aligned hacking groups pose. Iran is believed to be behind the spread of Shamoon in 2012, which hit Saudi Arabian Oil Co. and Qatari natural gas producer RasGas. The virus deleted hard drives and then displayed a picture of a burning American flag on computer screens. Saudi Aramco ultimately shut down its network and destroyed over 30,000 computers.

A second version of Shamoon raced through Saudi government computers in late 2016, this time making the destroyed computers display a photograph of the body of 3-year-old Syrian boy Aylan Kurdi, who drowned fleeing his country’s civil war.

But Iran first found itself as a victim of a cyberattack. Iran developed its cyber capabilities in 2011 after the Stuxnet computer virus destroyed thousands of centrifuges involved in Iran’s contested nuclear program. Stuxnet is widely believed to be an American and Israeli creation.

APT33’s emails haven’t been destructive. However, from July 2 through July 29, FireEye saw “a by-factors-of-10 increase” in the number of emails the group sent targeting their clients, Shepherd said.