New York Exchange courts Russian companies

Updated 01 December 2012
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New York Exchange courts Russian companies

MOSCOW: The New York Stock Exchange hopes less stringent rules will help persuade several Russian companies to raise money on its markets next year, taking business from arch-rival London.
NYSE Euronext's head of international listings, Albert Ganyushin, said legislation that makes it easier for smaller firms to obtain a stock market quote and less onerous requirements for overseas issuers could make New York more appealing. "I would not be surprised to see several ... potential IPOs (initial public offerings) in Moscow and New York taking place in the next 12 months," Ganyushin told Reuters in an interview on Thursday.
He was speaking a day after telecoms firm MegaFon raised $1.7 billion in London, the largest market debut by a Russian company since aluminum producer Rusal's 2010 Hong Kong float.
Russian companies have for years preferred London over New York as the venue for their overseas listings, attracted by its close geographical location and less stringent disclosure and audit rules.
London has more than 50 Russian companies on its main market compared with only a handful in New York.
Mobile phone operator Vimpelcom floated on the NYSE in 1996 followed by rival MTS in 2000. Steel and coal miner Mechel came to market in 2004. Epam Systems Inc, a US-based IT services provider with operations in Russia, listed earlier this year.
The NYSE has invited around 50 US investors to an event with Russian First Deputy Prime Minister Igor Shuvalov and Russian companies and funds at its Wall Street address next Monday.
US investors have lost billions of dollars on US-listed Chinese companies in numerous accounting scandals and drumming up interest in other emerging-market firms could be a tough task.

Russia's reputation as being a country rife with corruption and red tape is another hurdle to be overcome.
The 2002 Sarbanes-Oxley Act, introduced after the Enron and WorldCom scandals, sought to tighten auditing but resulted in scaring many companies away from a New York listing due to the increased burden of compliance.
The costs of preparing an IPO could reach $500,000 or more according to a survey by accountants PwC. Russian telecoms company Rostelecom in 2009 delisted from the NYSE, reportedly citing the high costs of meeting the rules.
But under the Jobs Act signed this year, it will be easier for emerging-growth companies with less than $1 billion in revenue to raise capital, because they will be exempt from an outside audit of internal controls for up to five years.
Ganyushin said the Jobs Act comes on top of other changes that help foreign private issuers.
"For the last three years it's much easier to list in the US as a foreign company than a US company - you can follow your home corporate governance practices, you don't have to have an independent board, you don't have to report in US GAAP," he said.
The NYSE is also an attractive venue due to higher valuations achieved for issuers and lower risks of executing IPOs, he argues.
Ganyushin sees the NYSE as a complementary venue to Moscow and is encouraging companies to list on both markets.
He hopes New York could attract some of the privatizations the Russian government is planning. Shipping firm Sovcomflot is one slated for 2013.
"The global shipping sector is based in New York," said Ganyushin, adding that the company would fit well there, while declining to comment specifically on Sovcomflot's plans.


Going, going, gone: A slice of Europe on Dubai’s doorstep

Updated 17 August 2018
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Going, going, gone: A slice of Europe on Dubai’s doorstep

DUBAI: Billionaire investors from Saudi Arabia are snapping up a slice of Europe — minutes from Dubai’s coast — as work on a luxurious man-made archipelago gathers pace.
On the emirate’s “The World” archipelago, the Heart of Europe project provides a series of island destinations, made up of opulent palaces, island villas and 13 luxury hotels on six small islands. Each offers a different aspect of European life and aims to bring European hospitality “with a Maldivian twist” to the Middle East’s Arabian Sea.
According to its developer, Joseph Kleindienst, chairman of the Dubai property developer Kleindienst Group, wealthy investors across the Kingdom are among the most prominent buyers of the multimillion-dollar properties being developed on the island, with almost a quarter of investments to date being made by Saudi nationals.
“We have a very good interest from Saudis in the Heart of Europe project,” said Kleindienst, speaking to Arab News during a private tour of Sweden Island. “Here in Sweden Island, soon you will find very, very famous Saudi names. It is not for us to disclose these names, but later on, as the development grows, you will meet very interesting Saudis here.”
The Heart of Europe is the first big project to go ahead as part of The World project, a 60-square-kilometer archipelago of more than 200 islands laid out in the shape of a world map, which was created from millions of tons of sand and rock. Currently, Lebanon Island is the only one open to the public; it operates The World Island Beach Club.
Construction of the Heart of Europe project was due to begin in November 2008 but was delayed by the global financial crisis. Development finally began in 2014. The project’s value has grown from an initial Dh1.5 billion ($408 million) equity undertaking by the Kleindienst Group to Dh5 billion ($1.36 billion) after sales.
On Monday thousands of workers at Heart of Europe were busy across the islands striving to get the project ready for the completion deadline of 2020, ahead of Dubai’s Expo; with an initial focus on Germany Island and Sweden Island.
The Heart of Europe has 10 beach palaces on Sweden, 32 beach villas on Germany and 131 “Floating Seahorse” villas, marketed as the world’s “first luxury underwater living experience.”
Kleindienst expects that all of the homes for sale across the Heart of Europe project will be handed over by the end of this year.
In total, 4,000 residential and hotel units will eventually be available across the project, about 1,000 of which have already been bought by investors, Kleindienst said.
Besides handing over residences to owners by the end of the year, The Heart of Europe is due to have the first of its planned hotel “soft openings,” at the Portofino Hotel in Italy, in December.
Lying five kilometers (3.1 miles) off mainland Dubai, the Heart of Europe will feature Italian, Spanish, Swedish, Swiss and German architecture as well as landscaped gardens and streets that will, in some cases, feature artificial snow, due to climate control technology. And, for those who miss Europe’s winter drizzle, some streets will also feature artificial rain.
Sweden will feature 10 Scandinavian-style villas. This week, the Kleindienst Group unveiled the first completed six-floor Sweden Beach Palace, and invited Arab News for a viewing.
With a price tag of Dh100million, the villa comes with Bentley Home interiors, seven bedrooms, a fitness center, an underground “snow room” that can be set as low as minus 5C, a Swedish massage room, an entertainment room and an observation deck — designed to mimic the upturned hull of a Viking ship — with 360-degree views of the Arabian Gulf.
Each property has its own private section of beach. The palaces also own a piece of the marine area plot, including a private coral reef.
Of the 10 for sale, three have already been bought by investors based in Saudi Arabia, said Kleindienst.
Saudis, along with other wealthy Middle Eastern residents, are an important segment of the investors the Kleindienst Group hopes to attract. “It is an excellent product for investors from Saudi Arabia because we are selling this ‘second-home’ concept here in the Heart of Europe.
“People from Saudi Arabia can travel to Dubai and enjoy their time in the Heart of Europe. And when they are not here, we hope they can rent their homes out and produce an income from the property,” he said.
Heart of Europe properties are not for people to live in 365 days a year, but for the uber-rich looking to snap up a second home in the Middle East, with a unique setting.
Kleindienst said that the project is Dubai’s first purpose-built luxury area offering UAE residents a holiday property in their own country, rather than in the Maldives, Mauritius or Seychelles.
“The second-home market is a new concept for Dubai,” he said, adding that while New York has places such as The Hamptons and many cities in Europe have countryside and seaside getaways, Dubai has lacked a luxury weekender destination.
“The Heart of Europe is a unique and ambitious project aiming to develop Dubai’s luxury freehold second-home market in an idyllic island location,” he said. “Our journey to date has taken us to the unveiling of the Sweden Beach Palaces, one of the most luxurious freehold second homes in the UAE. Our vision is turning into reality.”
Aside from Sweden Island, Saudis are also snapping up the Floating Seahorse vessels, which come with a slightly less eye-watering price tag of Dh16million, said Kleindienst. Of the 131 for sale, 60 have already been bought, he said. Figures from April show that about 40 percent of the buyers are from the Kingdom.
On the tour, Arab News saw a completed prototype. The bespoke one, two or three-bed floating homes have bathrooms and bedrooms below sea level so owners have only a pane of glass separating them from hundreds of fish and an abundance of marine life as they sleep and bathe.
Kleindienst hopes the Heart of Europe project will be the catalyst for world-breaking firsts, including a record he aims to break this year.
The soft opening of the 488-room Portofino Hotel, located on the Main Europe Island, will take place on the last quarter of 2018, despite only breaking ground on the construction site this year.
“No one has broken ground on a hotel, then completed it the same year,” he said. “We want to show that it is possible. That anything is possible. That there is the ability to build a hotel in a year on an island.”