Hammond hopes for ‘reciprocal access’ between UK, EU markets
Hammond hopes for ‘reciprocal access’ between UK, EU markets
During Brexit negotiations, the UK will seek to remain in the mainstream of the European market, but reserves the option to reinvent itself should that access not be forthcoming, said Philip Hammond, UK chancellor of the exchequer.
He was speaking at the World Economic Forum (WEF) Annual Meeting in Davos, Switzerland.
“I very much hope the outcome will be a high degree of reciprocal access between the UK market and the EU market,” said Hammond. But “if we were to be, by some catastrophe, closed off from those markets, we would have to reinvent ourselves … to remain competitive in the world… We have reinvented ourselves before.”
This leaves open the option of lowering the UK corporate tax rate, currently targeted at 17 percent, to attract greater investment.
Turning to the question of London’s position as a key center for global capital markets, Jes Staley, chief executive officer of Barclays in the UK, said it would be “incredibly simplistic and wrong” to think that London’s status depends on a few banks.
The ecosystem of supporting financial and legal services in the City of London is complex and critically important, but “it will not be affected by a few thousand jobs moving here or there.”
Staley voiced continuing confidence in the City but added that maintaining the free flow of capital is vital. “It is very important that we do not … create barriers that inhibit capital flows around the world,” he said, adding that he believes the UK-EU negotiations will not curtail the freedom of those flows.
On the issue of immigration, Ngaire Woods, dean of the Blavatnik School of Government at the University of Oxford, said her institution is fighting the world’s best universities to attract the top talent. If the message coming out of the UK is that it is not welcoming to immigrants, “we are smashing our own kneecaps.”
This message was echoed by Staley, who said the competitiveness of his business depends on being able to attract the best people for the job from around the world.
In response, Hammond said the political debate on migration during the referendum was not about skilled labor, but about the effects of large-scale unskilled migration driving down wages and taking jobs away from the low-skilled indigenous population. While the UK cannot accept the principle of free movement of people within the EU, “that is not the same as saying we want to close the doors,” he said.
Hammond emphasized that “we still want to attract the brightest and best from around the world. We need them and we will go on welcoming them.” The UK has already proposed that the 3.2 million EU nationals living in UK should have the right to remain, as long as UK nationals living in the EU enjoy the same status.
Panelists were less positive about the impact of Brexit on the EU itself. The financial crisis split the EU in two, with creditors in the north and debtors in the south dealing a blow to the bloc’s political solidarity, argued Ngaire Woods. “The integration project simply is not going to continue,” she said.
Political parties facing elections in Germany, France and the Netherlands will have to show their citizens that they are in control. “We will see a core continuing with integration and a wider group still part of the EU but going their own way, as Hungary and Poland already are,” said Woods.
Mario Monti, president of Bocconi University and ex-prime minister of Italy said he did not disagree with this. He said it is both likely and desirable that the EU’s structures should evolve, adding: “I see nothing wrong with a two-speed or three-speed Europe.” He also raised the specter of British contagion leading to the disintegration of the EU and warned member states not to compete with each other to grant special status to the UK, saying it would be “organized suicide for the EU.”
Airbus sees regional demand for A220
- Airbus acquired a majority stake in the C-Series program in October officially rebranding it in April to the A220
- The US low-cost carrier JetBlue last week became the first purchaser of the aircraft since its rebrand
FARNBOROUGH: Airbus Chief Commercial Officer Eric Schulz has played up the prospects for the Bombardier C-Series aircraft in the Middle East and beyond, hoping carriers will use the single-aisle plane to expand routes.
The European plane maker acquired a majority stake in the C-Series program in October, officially rebranding it in April to the A220, strengthening its offering in the smaller jet sector in competition with arch-rival Boeing.
“Yes, I believe we’ll see orders in every region,” Schulz said when asked about the prospects for Middle Eastern orders for the plane.
“There are many people across the Middle East who are looking at the opportunity to integrate the A220 as a feeder to leverage their routes up to a point where maturity can be on with the single aisle.”
Schulz spoke to Arab News on the second day of the UK’s Farnborough International Airshow, which marked the rebranded A220’s first public appearance.
The US low-cost carrier JetBlue last week became the first purchaser of the aircraft since its rebrand, with an order for 60 of the single-aisle planes.
Airbus on Tuesday announced a commitment from what it described as “a new US airline startup” for 60 A220-300 aircraft, with deliveries due to begin in 2021.
The new airline is backed up by a group of experienced investors led by JetBlue founder David Neeleman, who is also an investor in TAP in Portugal and the controlling shareholder in Brazil’s Azul airlines.
The single-aisle market is expected to dominate commercial plane orders over the next 20 years, according to forecasts released by Boeing on Tuesday.
The US manufacturer expects demand for 31,360 single-aisle planes — representing nearly three quarters of total orders — over the period, an increase of 6.1 percent compared with similar forecasts published last year.
“This $3.5 trillion market is driven in large part by the continued growth of low-cost carriers, strong demand in emerging markets, and increasing replacement demand in markets such as China and Southeast Asia,” Boeing said.
In the face of such growth prospects, Boeing earlier this month agreed to takeover the commercial jetliner business of Brazil’s Embraer, a specialist in smaller passenger planes, in order to better compete better with Airbus in the segment.
Schulz downplayed suggestions of a downturn in orders from Middle East carriers, suggesting that any slowdown in orders from the region’s larger players would come alongside an uptick from other carriers.
“There might be a little bit of a slowdown for some airlines, and there is also some growth for others,” Schulz said.
“We are serving the market, and what we need to do is just continue to serve the market and take the opportunities and the challenges where they are and just deal with them.”
Schulz said that Airbus was “moving forward” with the details of its $16 billion A380 deal with Emirates struck in January.
The deal with the Dubai-based carrier for 36 additional superjumbo planes, the last major deal agreed by Schulz’s predecessor John Leahy, was seen as saving the beleaguered aircraft program, which has struggled to secure new orders.
“Clearly the relationship is fantastic,” Schulz said, having met with Emirates CEO Tim Clark on Monday.
“Clearly they have put a lot of emphasis on the opportunity that their A380 fleet is giving them. They need the plane, we need the plane to be delivered, and yes, it’s all aligned.”