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G-20 summit acquiesces to US, drops free-trade pledge

Franceís Finance Minister Michel Sapin (R) and Bank of France governor Francois Villeroy de Galhau attend a press conference after the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors Meeting in Baden-Baden, southern Germany, on Saturday. (AFP)
BADEN-BADEN: Financial leaders of the world’s biggest economies dropped a pledge to keep global trade free and open, acquiescing to an increasingly protectionist US after a two-day meeting failed to yield a compromise.
Breaking a decade-long tradition of endorsing open trade, G-20 finance ministers and central bankers made only a token reference to trade in their communique on Saturday, a clear defeat for host nation Germany, which fought the new US government’s attempts to water down past commitments.
In the new US administration’s biggest clash yet with the international community, G-20 finance chiefs also removed from their statement a pledge to finance the fight against climate change, an anticipated outcome after US President Donald Trump called global warming a “hoax.”
In a meeting that some said was at times 19 against one, the US did not yield on key issues, essentially torpedoing earlier agreements, as the G-20 requires a consensus. Still, the dialogue was friendly and non-confrontational, leaving the door open to a future deal, officials who attended the meeting said.
“This is my first G-20, so what was in the past communiqué is not necessarily relevant from my standpoint,” US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said.
“I understand what the president’s desire is and his policies, and I negotiated them from here,” Mnuchin said. “I could not be happier with the outcome.”
Seeking to put “America First,” Trump has already pulled out of a key trade agreement and proposed a new tax on imports, arguing that certain trade relationships need to be reworked to make them fairer for US workers.
“We believe in free trade, we are in one of the largest markets in the world, we are one of the largest trading partners in the world, trade has been good for us, it has been good for other people,” Mnuchin said. “Having said that, we want to re-examine certain agreements.”
International trade makes up almost half of global economic output and officials said the issue could be revisited at a meeting of G-20 leaders in July.
While some expressed frustration, like French Finance Minister Michel Sapin, others played down the dispute.
“It is not that we were not united,” German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble said. “It was totally undisputed that we are against protectionism. But it is not very clear what (protectionism) means to each (minister).”
He added that some ministers did not have a full mandate to negotiate since they were not fully in charge of trade issues.
Others suggested that the G-20 leaders’ meeting in Hamburg this July could be the real opportunity to bring the US on board.
“It is not the best meeting we had, but we avoided backtracking,” EU Economic Affairs Commissioner Pierre Moscovici said. “I hope in Hamburg the wording will be different. We need it. It is the raison d’etre for the G20,” Moscovici said.
The communique also dropped a reference, used by the G-20 last year, on the readiness to finance measures against climate change as agreed in Paris in 2015.
Trump has suggested global warming was a “hoax” concocted by China to hurt US industry and vowed to scrap the Paris climate accord aimed at curbing greenhouse gas emissions.
Leaders also upheld their commitments to financial sector regulation, supporting the finalization of bank rules known as Basel III, provided they do not significantly raise overall capital requirements.
BADEN-BADEN: Financial leaders of the world’s biggest economies dropped a pledge to keep global trade free and open, acquiescing to an increasingly protectionist US after a two-day meeting failed to yield a compromise.
Breaking a decade-long tradition of endorsing open trade, G-20 finance ministers and central bankers made only a token reference to trade in their communique on Saturday, a clear defeat for host nation Germany, which fought the new US government’s attempts to water down past commitments.
In the new US administration’s biggest clash yet with the international community, G-20 finance chiefs also removed from their statement a pledge to finance the fight against climate change, an anticipated outcome after US President Donald Trump called global warming a “hoax.”
In a meeting that some said was at times 19 against one, the US did not yield on key issues, essentially torpedoing earlier agreements, as the G-20 requires a consensus. Still, the dialogue was friendly and non-confrontational, leaving the door open to a future deal, officials who attended the meeting said.
“This is my first G-20, so what was in the past communiqué is not necessarily relevant from my standpoint,” US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said.
“I understand what the president’s desire is and his policies, and I negotiated them from here,” Mnuchin said. “I could not be happier with the outcome.”
Seeking to put “America First,” Trump has already pulled out of a key trade agreement and proposed a new tax on imports, arguing that certain trade relationships need to be reworked to make them fairer for US workers.
“We believe in free trade, we are in one of the largest markets in the world, we are one of the largest trading partners in the world, trade has been good for us, it has been good for other people,” Mnuchin said. “Having said that, we want to re-examine certain agreements.”
International trade makes up almost half of global economic output and officials said the issue could be revisited at a meeting of G-20 leaders in July.
While some expressed frustration, like French Finance Minister Michel Sapin, others played down the dispute.
“It is not that we were not united,” German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble said. “It was totally undisputed that we are against protectionism. But it is not very clear what (protectionism) means to each (minister).”
He added that some ministers did not have a full mandate to negotiate since they were not fully in charge of trade issues.
Others suggested that the G-20 leaders’ meeting in Hamburg this July could be the real opportunity to bring the US on board.
“It is not the best meeting we had, but we avoided backtracking,” EU Economic Affairs Commissioner Pierre Moscovici said. “I hope in Hamburg the wording will be different. We need it. It is the raison d’etre for the G20,” Moscovici said.
The communique also dropped a reference, used by the G-20 last year, on the readiness to finance measures against climate change as agreed in Paris in 2015.
Trump has suggested global warming was a “hoax” concocted by China to hurt US industry and vowed to scrap the Paris climate accord aimed at curbing greenhouse gas emissions.
Leaders also upheld their commitments to financial sector regulation, supporting the finalization of bank rules known as Basel III, provided they do not significantly raise overall capital requirements.

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