Amazon deal to buy a ‘coming-of-age’ of Mideast ecommerce

The logos of and Amazon are seen at office in Dubai, United Arab Emirates on Tuesday. (Reuters)
Updated 29 March 2017

Amazon deal to buy a ‘coming-of-age’ of Mideast ecommerce

DUBAI: Amazon’s acquisition of online retail site marks a “coming-of-age” of the Middle East ecommerce sector, technology experts said.
Souq plans to expand its workforce and operations after the US market leader clinched a deal to buy 100 percent of the Middle East player, executives from both firms said.
Amazon had walked away from talks with earlier this year, but it reportedly came back with an offer of $650 million.
Amazon and said earlier on Tuesday they had agreed on the takeover, despite an eleventh-hour bid by Dubai billionaire Mohamed Alabbar’s Emaar Malls to cut in with an offer it said was worth $800 million.
Executives have not disclosed the value of the Amazon deal, which adviser Goldman Sachs called “the biggest-ever technology M&A transaction in the Arab world.”
Sources with knowledge of the takeover said Amazon was paying less than Emaar’s offer, making it lower than’s $1 billion valuation when it sought funding last year.
One source said would have broken an exclusivity agreement with Amazon if it accepted Emaar’s bid at this stage.
“Amazon is a great fit with us. We have a lot of common values and it is all about innovation, technology and the type of customer experience and thinking that Amazon has,” Co-Founder and Chief Executive Ronaldo Mouchawar told Reuters.
Technology expert Matthew Reed, practice leader for the Middle East and Africa at Ovum in Dubai, said that the deal was significant.
“The Amazon deal to buy marks a coming-of-age moment for e-commerce in the Middle East,” Reed told Arab News.
“Currently, e-commerce in the region is less advanced than might be expected the given the relative affluence and high levels of broadband connectivity in the GCC states. But the arrival in the region of a global leader such as Amazon should help to develop and grow the e-commerce sector here.”
The deal will help grow an already major player in the Middle East online retail sector. Alabbar himself has advanced plans for the launch of Noon, slated as a $1 billion portal that will have a big initial focus on fashion and luxury products.
“Assuming the deal goes ahead, Noon will face tougher competition than it might have been expecting, as in Amazon it will be up against what many see as the world’s leading e-tailer,” Reed said.
P.K. Gulati, a Dubai-based technology investor, said that the Amazon-Souq deal was “awesome”.
“I think it’s great for the ecosystem — it’s great as a role-model deal, in the sense of people thinking that they can do it,” Gulati – who has made about 15 investments worldwide, mainly in Silicon Valley and India – told Arab News.
It was also remarkable given Amazon’s track record in business, he added. “Amazon has a reputation of not buying companies — rather, of making them.”
Gulati said that Alabbar’s unsuccessful 11th-hour bid for Souq simply came too late.
“Putting a counter-bid on a Friday was in my opinion probably too late… I think the deal was already done already by then.”
Noon may become a future player in the space, but such sites typically take some time to take off, Gulati added. It typically “takes three to five years for a platform to stabilize and become something which people like,” he said., founded in 2005, stocks 8.5 million items on its website and generates about 50 million monthly visits, the site’s CEO Mouchawar told Reuters. It delivers to the six Gulf Arab states and Egypt.
Mouchawar said there was scope to expand the business with Amazon and to increase the 3,000-strong workforce to boost’s reach, without saying by how many it would rise.
“We will continue to invest in our segment and grow our markets,” he said at’s Dubai headquarters.
Despite its young, tech-savvy population, shoppers in the Middle East still prefer to shop in stores. Online retail accounts for less than 1 percent of total sales in the Middle East, according to market researcher Euromonitor International.
“We want to figure out how to grow the team here. If we’re going to grow the business we have to grow logistics, we have to grow technical development,” Amazon Senior Vice President Russ Grandinetti said.
In a deal document seen by Reuters, Goldman said the acquisition would accelerate Amazon’s entry into “attractive Middle East countries with significant growth potential.”
After the Amazon takeover, Middle East consumers will be able to buy products available on through, and Middle East merchants will have access to a wider market via Amazon’s network.
The acquisition is expected to close later this year.’s current shareholders include South Africa’s Naspers Ltd. and Tiger Global Management.
The Amazon deal was backed by the Dubai government, which wants to use technology to expand its regional retail footprint.
Dubai’s Crown Prince Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al-Maktoum said in a statement it showed the city state’s position “as a regional and global hub for the world’s biggest and leading organizations.”
Amazon’s acquisition of is seen as significant for the Middle East’s nascent tech sector.
“This is effectively a vote of confidence in the region. You have a major American company going into a digital company in the region,” said Fadi Ghandour, founder Dubai-listed logistics firm Aramex and a prominent venture capitalist in the Middle East.
— With Reuters

Houthis mobilize to fight ahead of UN envoy’s visit

Pro-government drive in an industrial district in the eastern outskirts of the port city Hodeidah. (AFP)
Updated 19 November 2018

Houthis mobilize to fight ahead of UN envoy’s visit

  • Dozens of Houthis put on a show of strength on the outskirts of Sanaa on Saturday
  • UN special envoy Martin Griffiths said on Friday that he plans to travel to Sanaa in the coming week

SANAA: Iran-backed Houthi militias have said they are ready to mobilize more fighters to the frontline despite a lull in battleground Hodeidah, as the UN envoy prepares to visit the country to boost peace efforts.

Dozens of Houthis put on a show of strength on the outskirts of Sanaa on Saturday, apparently getting ready to head toward Hodeidah, a Red Sea city home to a vital port.

Men, some of whom looked very young, were lining up with bandoliers around their shoulders and rifles in their hands, chanting Houthi slogans.

Residents said on Sunday that relative calm had held in Hodeidah city since pro-government forces announced a pause in their offensive last week amid international calls for a cease-fire and UN-led peace efforts.  They added, however, that they remain on edge.

Meanwhile, coalition fighter jets on Sunday carried out a series of strikes targeting Houthi positions west of Marib. The strikes, which were accompanied by shelling, came after the Iranian-supported militia launched ballistic missiles toward the city of Marib. Coalition forces successfully intercepted the missiles, Yemeni army media said.

UN special envoy Martin Griffiths said on Friday that he plans to travel to Sanaa in the coming week to finalize arrangements for peace talks to take place in Sweden soon.

Hameed Assem, a member of the militia delegation expected to take part in the negotiations, said that Houthis will continue to mobilize if UN efforts for peace fail to materialize.

Pro-government forces on Wednesday suspended their 12-day offensive in Hodeidah.

Griffiths said on Friday that both the government and the Houthis have shown a “renewed commitment” to work on a political solution and have given “firm assurances” that they will attend the talks. No date has yet been set.