Book Review: Cairo of yesteryear can still be found

Updated 26 May 2017

Book Review: Cairo of yesteryear can still be found

For many years, “Cairo City of Sand,” an enlightened stroll across the illusive layers of Cairo, exquisitely written by Maria Golia, has been my favorite book about the city. Other books pale in comparison and generally fail to convey the truth about this city.
And then we come to “Cairo Inside Out” recently published by The American University in Cairo Press. I searched for the time when I could slip in between the pages and get “inside” Cairo…
Trevor Naylor takes us in the late afternoon to the Cafe Riche, an iconic literary cafe in downtown Cairo. There is something special about those moments between day and night, just before dusk. “I wondered if it would be possible to write a book that captured that mood and light,” Naylor said.
“Cairo Inside Out” is unlike any other book. It is not a travel book, nor a guide, nor a memoir, and neither is it a history book nor a coffee-table book. It attempts to grasp what the Spanish call “el no se que” and the French, “je ne sais quoi” — expressions which have no exact equivalent in English.
“Cairo Inside Out” is a reflection on Cairo
; it exudes a certain something, indefinable, inexplicable, an elusive quality which is part of the city’s fabric. Vibrant, noisy, hectic, Cairo resembles a giant puzzle whose pieces are the Pyramids, Old Cairo, Khan Al-Khalili, Zamalek, Maadi, to name but a few, added on throughout the centuries.
In Cairo, however, everything begins with the Nile. Cairo would not be Cairo without the Nile. It draws its strength, vitality and longevity from this powerful river, a source of life and an inspiration to writers, poets and artists. But the Nile is not as accessible as one might expect.
“Unlike many urban riverbanks, the edge of the Nile is not made up of public spaces reserved for the people, but rather of areas that are owned, hidden, or simply locked up behind a wall for much of its passage through Cairo.”
The easiest way to get close to the Nile is to enjoy a ride on a felucca, especially at sunset when the sky unrolls a changing palette of colors from golden yellow to streams of tangerine tinged with crimson. Far from the crowded streets, carried away by a gentle breeze, a felucca ride is a wonderful break from the pressures of everyday life.
The Nile has a magical effect whenever you see it: It refreshes you in the summer’s scorching heat; it calms you when you are helplessly stuck in a traffic jam; it boosts your energy after a hectic day and a mere glimpse of its shimmering waters can wash away the worries and weariness of a tiresome day.
Zamalek, situated on Gezira Island, is one of the most beautiful residential and commercial areas of Cairo with its quaint hotels, antique shops, art galleries, boutiques, cafes and restaurants. French and Italian architects designed beautiful art deco style buildings at the beginning of the 20th century and Zamalek exudes a more intimate atmosphere than downtown Cairo. Zamalek is known as Paris by the Nile although it is difficult to imagine what this distinct part of the city once looked like.
After the Khedive, Ismail Pasha, visited the Exposition Universelle held in the French capital in 1867, he returned to Cairo with the firm intention of building a downtown area imitating the quarters of Paris. Naylor discovered, while reading an old Baedeker’s guidebook of 1908, that the Khedive had offered plots of land in an area stretching from Azbakiya to Abdin Palace westward to the Nile to “anyone who would undertake to build on each a house worth at least 30,000 francs within eighteen months.”
Downtown Cairo has nothing to envy in Zamalek. It has a lovely boutique hotel, Talisman, and the quaint Windsor Hotel where time has stood still: “The period feel one enjoys in the famous barrel bar and breakfast room are as close as you can get to being in authentic colonial Cairo… However, if you expect speedy service, lightning-fast Wi-Fi and a latte, then you should skip this treat… The key to the Windsor is its silence… From your secluded perch, you can sit and simply observe life. This is a soothing way to pass the time of day and ponder the glorious ever-changing light,” Naylor wrote.
I have also sadly noticed the disappearance of bookshops in Downtown Cairo. Younger generations are not reading as much and when they do, they read differently; they are far less attracted to physical books and prefer to read on their phones or their iPads. But I do not believe that the dwindling number of expert booksellers is “one of the reasons why downtown is losing its cultural appeal to the European traveler.” Downtown still has a lot to offer and the interest and attractions are there but what has really affected the downtown area is the relocation of the American University to New Cairo. The American University in Cairo (AUC) brought tremendous life to this part of the city. Nowadays, all the area surrounding the main campus no longer brims with activity. It feels dead.
“Felfela” close to Tahrir Square is still a favorite restaurant with visitors and tourists. Its wild yet picturesque décor blends with the traditional Egyptian food that is served, especially “foul” and “taamiyyah.” It is, as Naylor said, “a tourist trap worth falling into.”
From one page to another, we move on to medieval Cairo, which is mostly intact. The contrast between past and present pervades the atmosphere; you see men wearing the same clothes and eating the same food as their ancestors and yet they are talking on a smart phone.
Just opposite the Bab Zuwayla, one of the last remaining gates to the city, lies the charming Shari Al-Khayamiya known as the Street of the Tentmakers. Built in 1650, it is the only covered market left in medieval Cairo. This street specializes in making appliqué quilts, cushions and wall hangings for tourists, but in the past it provided the cloth for the tents (hence its name), particularly for those making the pilgrimage to Makkah.
Khan Al-Khalili is a world unto itself. It is not just a place to shop; you can visit old mosques, explore alleyways, walk through Shari Al-Muiz, nicknamed the “cultural spine of historic Cairo,” observe people, and enjoy the atmosphere of the Fishawy Cafe, another tourist trap that is well worth it, and savor a local pancake — “fatir” — at Egyptian Pancakes.
Close by, Al-Azhar Park offers a desperately needed oasis of greenery. Funded by the Aga Khan Foundation for Culture, this park with its beautifully kept gardens full of surprisingly beautiful sculptures, its pavilions and a sumptuous Moorish style restaurant, is a resounding success. “Al-Azhar Park is proof that with determination, cooperation, and vision anything can be turned around,” Naylor wrote.
This unconventional visit to Cairo ends where it all started: At the Pyramids. Naylor urges everyone to take a camel ride and visit the Red Pyramid near Dahshur. It is less crowded and easier to enter the chamber and observe the internal structure of the first pyramids.
The last pictures feature the legendary Mena House Hotel, which offers stunning views of the Pyramids, particularly from the restaurant. “Egypt has much to offer and in some places retains its history with style and aplomb. The Mena House has all this and more…” Naylor concludes.
This book takes you to the heart of Cairo. Naylor conveys in words and pictures the moods and light of a city steeped in history, a city that is both eternal and ever changing.
The text is superb and the photographs “talk.” What a wonderful book this is. But wonderful just does not seem good enough.
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What We Are Reading Today: Gamal Abdel Nasser — The Life and Legacy: Egypt’s Second President

Updated 24 June 2018

What We Are Reading Today: Gamal Abdel Nasser — The Life and Legacy: Egypt’s Second President

The father of modern Egypt. The founder of Arab nationalism. The leader of the Egyptian Revolution. The creator of Nasserism, his own brand of political and social governance.

Anthony Eden, the former British Prime Minister, called him the Mussolini of the Nile.

Nasser was all of these things and more. He led the revolution that overthrew the monarchy of Egypt and subsequently shaped the new government and on June 23, 1956, he was elected president.

A prominent regional and world leader, he fostered the concept of pan-Arabism and strove to unite historically uncooperative Arab countries for Palestine’s sake.

“Our path to Palestine will not be covered with red carpet or yellow sand, but with blood,” he said.

“In order that we may liberate Palestine, the Arab nation and Arab armies must unite.”

The Israelis certainly feared him as the one man who could truly bind all the Arab nations against them. It didn’t happen.

Yet to this day Nasser’s name evokes great emotion among Egyptians and much of the Arab world. He remains an icon, symbolizing Arab dignity, pride and unity.