London police ‘playing catch-up’ in fight against terror
London police ‘playing catch-up’ in fight against terror
London’s Metropolitan Police service has in recent days unveiled plans to use steel-spiked mats and drones to protect citizens, following a string of terrorist attacks earlier this year.
“These approaches, and others, reflect the fact that counterterrorism is playing catch-up to the innovative tactics increasingly deployed by terrorists,” said Jon Coaffee, professor of urban geography at the University of Warwick, whose research focuses on the impact of terrorism on urban areas.
The Metropolitan Police this week launched new temporary anti-terror road nets consisting of tungsten metal spikes at the Naval Association Parade on Whitehall. The nets — called talon by the police — aim to prevent terrorists using vehicles as weapons, as seen in recent attacks in Barcelona and London.
If the vehicle fails to stop and drives over the net, the spikes puncture the vehicle’s tires and the front wheels become tangled up in the netting, drawing the truck or car to a stop.
The nets can be quickly set up, dismantled and moved between locations. According to the police, they can stop a vehicle of up to 17 tons. The nets will be deployed at events where large crowds are expected.
While the mats offer protection at specific events, they will not deter all attacks, commentators said.
“What we have seen in the (recent) attacks is unpredictable,” said Chris Phillips, security consultant and a former senior police officer with counterterrorism expertise.
“(But if) of course someone decides to go onto the pavement of Westminster, you not going to necessarily going to have the spikes everywhere; you can’t put them across pavements for a start — people will trip over them.
“The reality is there is nothing you can do to protect every pavement.”
Hamed El-Sa’id, professor of international business and political economy at Manchester Metropolitan University, said terrorists’ tactics are constantly evolving, making it hard to second-guess their next move.
“The problem is that terrorism is not static nor it is inflexible,” said El-Sa’id.
“Terrorists are rational individuals who change and select targets based on our responses and vulnerabilities. For example, following the 9/11 attacks, airport security improved tremendously, which caused the terrorists to shift (to) softer targets,” he said.
It is an “impossibility” to protect everything, said Phillips, but you can do the best to build in protective security into infrastructure.
King’s Cross train station in north London is one example of a building that already has built-in security, with a series of bollards and barriers preventing vehicles getting close to it, Phillips said. “(It) takes long-term planning. But you definitely start with the most iconic sites — the most likely to be targeted,” he said.
Peter Lehr, lecturer in terrorism studies at the University of St. Andrews, said that while spiked mats will not stop marauding attackers armed with knives or guns or a suicide bomber, they could make any attempt to replicate the horrors seen in Barcelona in August or Nice last year — where vehicles were used to mow people down — far less lethal.
“These spiked road mats are a welcome addition to our defences against terrorism — as are low-tech defences such as … bollards, metal railings, concrete flower pots, and high-tech defenses such as various scanner systems or smart CCTV systems,” Lehr said.
Alongside protective measures, El-Sa’id wants to see further police efforts to prevent attacks being attempted in the first place. “No police (force) will be able to protect all soft targets all the time or at the same time, and some new soft targets develop always. Of course this is not to undermine what the Met is trying to do.
“But the key lies in not only protecting but also in preventing. We have seen that most of the terrorists who committed recent attacks in the UK were known to the police and the public.”
Following the announcement of the steel-spiked mats, the Metropolitan Police also revealed plans to trial the use of a drone for eight weeks. The drone will be used to help police track suspects, missing people or hunt for weapons, according to a statement on Sept. 11. Drones have advantages over police helicopters in that they are smaller and can operate in severe weather conditions as well as indoors.
The announcement comes as fears grow that terrorist groups might themselves employ the use of drones in a potential attack.
The police force is also planning to build a £50 million ($66.3 million) complex in east London, where armed police can hone their shooting techniques and receive specialist counterterrorism training, according to the Evening Standard newspaper.
The Metropolitan Police did not respond to requests for comment when contacted by Arab News.
No easy path: Complex mass migration, politics reshape globe
- In Europe, leaders of European Union member countries are trying anew to come up with continent-wide solutions to a mass migration crisis that has pitted nations and politicians against each other
- The interior minister in Italy's new populist government, Matteo Salvini, refused a port of entry this month to a rescue boat operated by two aid groups that carried 630 people who were picked up while trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea from Libya
PARIS: Lined up before dawn, dozens of migrants outside a government office in Italy jostled to be one of the handful allowed inside to request asylum Wednesday.
The journeys that brought them to Rome and the sleepless nights wondering if they would be allowed to stay was being repeated in cities and countries around the world on World Refugee Day as millions of people sought to flee persecution, violence, war and poverty.
The Rohingya Muslims forced out of Myanmar to Bangladesh; teenagers from Mexico and Central America seeking safety in the United States; Syria's war refugees; men from South Sudan and Nigeria crossing the Mediterranean Sea to feed their families — they are among the human wave roiling every continent.
"The international community must work with shared and long-term political choices to manage a phenomenon that involves the entire world," Italian President Sergio Mattarella, whose country is on the receiving end of Europe's immigration front line, said in a World Refugee Day message.
While migration to the world's 35 richest countries dropped slightly last year for the first time since 2011, asylum claims rose by 26 percent in the United States, according to a new report from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, which represents the wealthy nations.
Meanwhile, the United Nations refugee agency reported this week that nearly 69 million people were forcibly displaced in 2017, a record for the fifth straight year.
OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria insisted that since migration is here to stay, countries need to work to integrate newcomers and to prepare their native-born populations to welcome foreigners instead of resent them.
He noted that while "fears about the impact of refugees on jobs in OECD countries are simply at odds with the facts," young men with limited educations in places like Germany and Austria could be disproportionally affected by an expanded labor force and deserve attention and training.
"The absence of the policy is what's creating this cacophony," Gurria said.
In a sign of the continued divisions, Hungary marked World Refugee Day by approving measures making it harder to obtain asylum and threatening a prison sentence for those who help asylum-seekers.
In the United States, the Trump administration said "new actors" must step up in the global response to refugees. The statement from Secretary of State Mike Pompeo did not mention the administration's forced separation of Latino children from their migrant parents.
In Europe, leaders of European Union member countries are trying anew to come up with continent-wide solutions to a mass migration crisis that has pitted nations and politicians against each other.
The interior minister in Italy's new populist government, Matteo Salvini, refused a port of entry this month to a rescue boat operated by two aid groups that carried 630 people who were picked up while trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea from Libya.
Italy has been the arriving place of the bulk of migrants who attempt the dangerous sea crossing for a variety of reasons — as seen in the discouraged line outside the Rome immigration office. Salvini is pressing other EU members to share the burden.
Pope Francis urged people not to "let fear get in the way of welcoming our neighbor in need."
Migrants and refugees who were swept off the streets of Paris in recent weeks now occupy a gymnasium, all of them wishing Wednesday to be somewhere else.
Nasir Ahmad, an Afghan living in the Paris gym, spent a year in Germany and then two years waiting for the documents he needed to make France his home. Now, Ahmad has refugee status, but no job.
"I have good energy. I have good energy to do for the work, but nobody used me," he said. "Nothing changed. Only I changed. I get old."
German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who faces constant criticism and mounting pressure over her decision to open Germany to refugees in recent year, said how to handle the sheer number of people fleeing violence and persecution is "a central global question of our time."
Some 700,000 Rohingya fled brutal attacks by government forces and mobs last year in Myanmar, pouring across the border into crowded makeshift refugee camps in Bangladesh. Monsoon rains have begun sweeping through the camps, often leaving the refugees to wade through rivers of mud and water.
At the Kutupalong refugee camp outside of Cox's Bazaar, Bangladesh, more than 100 Rohingya marched Wednesday to highlight their suffering, demanding that international organizations hold the Myanmar government accountable for the attacks that drove them into exile.
Many wore T-shirts and paper hats proclaiming they are "Not Bengali." In Myanmar, the Rohingya are often derided as illegal migrants from Bangladesh.
Abdu Shukkur, a 44-year-old refugee, denounced the Myanmar government for refusing to recognize the Rohingya as an ethnic minority and for denying them "the right to citizenship and its privileges."
In Lebanon, Syrian refugees have begun building lives in similar camps intended to be temporary way-stations. Turkey remains the country with the largest number of Syrian refugees, but tiny Lebanon holds the highest concentration per capita of refugees in the world.
Em Mohammed, a Syrian refugee from Idlib, supports her three children working as a tailor in Lebanon.
"I won't return because here there is assistance, there are many camps, I can sew, and I can sustain myself," she said. "There (in Syria), there are no camps, no people and they have no money to buy. They don't even have places to sleep there."