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Qatar’s problem is that it is ruled by two people

From the course of action taken by the four countries to end the Qatari status quo, we can realize that their success is highly probable, no matter how much Doha’s government resists. This week’s political meetings in New York will shed light on the crisis and its progress. If Qatar accepts the ultimatum of the Arab countries, it will finally be relieved. If it is seeking to accept some conditions and disregard some others, the crisis will continue for years.
The whole world is benefiting from the confrontation with Qatar. It is a small country with huge superfluous money and a great appetite for sowing chaos in the region and beyond; it has already caused many calamities. The Middle East got rid of almost all regimes financing and sowing chaos, except two: Qatar and Iran. By ending the Qatari role, problems will decline, extremist religious groups will be curtailed, and Iran will remain alone.
For two decades, Qatar has been responsible for chaos, extremism and a share of terrorism. No one addressed the Qatari threat in the beginning because they all underestimated its impact and influence. When the Qatari threat grew bigger and the number of crises supported by Qatar increased, Doha started to hide behind alliances. However, the joint efforts of four active Arab countries to face Qatar changed the rules of the game and besieged Qatar.
Qatar, without being supervised, becomes a dangerous country that has excess gas and oil revenues from which it can finance extremist organizations all over the world and seek to overthrow regimes it opposes. This made Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the UAE and Bahrain determined to put an end to the Qatari actions and policies. Most of the countries that have to choose between the four countries and Qatar will choose the Anti-Terror Quartet because of their influence, importance and interests.

Doha seeks mediation and then sabotages it because of the influence of the former emir.

Abdulrahman Al-Rashed

Before the meetings that will take place on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly this month, Qatar sought to persuade major countries to be on its side against the Quartet, but it failed. German Chancellor Angela Merkel has advised the emir of Qatar to negotiate privately with the Quartet, which means that he will have to back down.
This week is crucial for Qataris, as they are trying to convince the US to mediate again and arrange a suitable political deal with the Quartet. Qatar’s leadership may not succeed because of what it did when US President Donald Trump intervened, after the invitation of Kuwaiti Emir Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah. Qatar Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani thwarted the attempt from the first hour of the announcement of the mediation.
But why does Qatar seek mediation and then sabotage it? The answer is that Qatar is ruled by two people. Sheikh Tamim is the one working on a solution, but he does not control the executive powers. His father, the former emir, Sheikh Hamad, and his former foreign minister are both controlling the operative state institutions.
If all solutions fail in the next two weeks, the crisis could last for a year or maybe two. The train could easily go beyond small stations, for, as Saudi Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir said, the Quartet has nothing to lose in its boycott. Whereas for Qatar, it will suffer as it is unable to survive under pressure. Despite the fact that the port and airport are open, the authorities in Qatar are besieged because of the unbearable disconnection.
The enormous pressure on Qatar is not limited to its land border with Saudi Arabia, extending over 60 km, but it goes way beyond to reach international and regional institutions. Qataris and foreigners will sooner or later realize that the crisis will eventually carry on and weaken the state, if it is not resolved soon.

• Abdulrahman Al-Rashed is a veteran columnist. He is the former general manager of Al Arabiya news channel, and former editor-in-chief of Asharq Al-Awsat, where this article is also published. Twitter: @aalrashed