We are serious about unity, Hamas chief tells Abbas

Ismail Haniyeh, Hamas chief, waves to journalists upon his arrival on the Palestinian side of the Rafah border crossing, in the southern Gaza Strip on Thursday. (AFP)
Updated 20 September 2017
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We are serious about unity, Hamas chief tells Abbas

AMMAN: Hamas is determined to reconcile with Fatah and end the decade-long Palestinian division, the group’s new leader Ismael Haniyeh told Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas on Tuesday.
“We are serious about carrying out the needed steps to end the split with a strong will, and unify Palestinian efforts with the single goal of confronting the challenges facing our cause,” Haniyeh said in a phone call to New York, where Abbas is attending the UN General Assembly.
The Palestinian leadership has welcomed the new moves by the Islamist group that governs Gaza.
“The current political environment represented by Hamas’ moves are well received and viewed positively, with the hope that Egypt will continue to sponsor and guarantee these steps,” Fatah spokesman Naser Kidwwa, a former Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) ambassador to the UN, told Arab News.
“After their statement dissolving the administrative committee, we will need to see the national accords government hold a cabinet meeting in Gaza, followed by talks between Fatah and Hamas in the presence of our Egyptian brothers, then much wider talks involving all Palestinian factions and independent personalities.
“We seem to be on the right path, but this is a difficult and long journey that requires goodwill from all.”
Dr. Naji Sharab, a professor of political science at Al-Azhar University in Gaza, said there was optimism among politicians but people in Gaza were still skeptical because there had been so many reconciliation false alarms in the past.
“The road ahead is difficult because the years of the division have left their marks in the areas of security, economy and public order,” he told Arab News.
Sharab, however, believes the current effort is serious. “Egypt is playing a major role this time and is pressing both sides.”
He also believes disunity and schism have become more of a liability than an asset to both sides.
“There are many worries and concerns because we are facing a long-term problem in order to merge a system built almost exclusively on one party being in power and negating all others, to a system of national unity and power sharing.”
One of the fears being expressed in both Gaza and the West Bank is that Hamas could turn into the Gaza equivalent of Hezbollah in Lebanon.
Fadi Abu Baker, a PLO employee and a Fatah local leader in Al-Bireh, told Arab News that Hamas’ move toward reconciliation was no more than a clever maneuver.
“Unless they give up the security system they established, we will not have total national unity, and we will be seeing a situation similar to the vast powers that Hezbollah has in Lebanon, without necessarily having armed men on the streets.”


Turkey’s Erdogan may seek coalition if AK Party fails to get majority

Updated 2 min 52 sec ago
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Turkey’s Erdogan may seek coalition if AK Party fails to get majority

ISTANBUL: Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan said his ruling AK Party could seek to form a coalition if it fails to secure a parliamentary majority in Sunday’s elections, but said the prospect of this is “very, very low.”
Polls indicate the elections may be closer than anticipated when he called the snap elections in April, suggesting he may be pushed to a second-round run-off for the presidency, and his AKP could lose its majority in the 600-seat assembly.
“If it is under 300 (seats), then there could be a search for a coalition,” Erdogan said in an interview with the Kral FM radio station late on Wednesday.
He added that the probability of this was “very, very low.”
The Turkish lira, which has slumped more than 20 percent against the dollar this year, has extended losses over the last week on concern about the prospect of political uncertainty following the elections.
Investors fear political deadlock if the AK Party loses its majority in parliament as it would put a brake on Erdogan’s ability to exercise the powers of the new presidential system.
The AKP formed an alliance with the nationalist MHP before the elections, which will herald a switch to a new powerful executive presidency narrowly approved in a referendum last year.
Opposition parties also formed an alliance, which excluded the pro-Kurdish Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP). If the HDP exceeds the 10 percent threshold of votes needed to enter parliament, it will be harder for the AKP to achieve a majority.
Under the constitutional changes going into effect after the elections, the number of lawmakers in parliament will increase to 600 from 550 currently.
The AKP has held a majority in parliament for nearly all its 15 years in power, only losing it in the June 2015 election. After parties failed to form a coalition then, Erdogan called a fresh election in November which restored the AKP majority.
MHP leader Devlet Bahceli said on Monday another election could be held if his alliance with the AKP cannot form a majority in parliament after Sunday’s vote.