Erdogan-Trump talks: Regional cooperation high on agenda

Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, right, and US President Donald Trump shake hands prior to their meeting in New York on Thursday. Erdogan is in New York for the United Nations General Assembly.(Pool Photo via AP)
Updated 22 September 2017
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Erdogan-Trump talks: Regional cooperation high on agenda

ANKARA: Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan met with his US counterpart Donald Trump in New York on Thursday.
Ankara said the leaders “agreed to enhance cooperation to resolve regional issues and continue the fight against all terror groups with determination.”
They also reiterated their opposition to Iraqi Kurdistan’s planned independence referendum on Monday, expressing concern about potentially “serious consequences.”
Ahead of the meeting, Trump said the two countries were “close as they have ever been,” and praised Erdogan for “running a very difficult part of the world” and “getting high marks.”
Megan Gisclon, managing editor of the Istanbul Policy Center, said the meeting exhibited the two leaders’ commitment to maintaining bilateral ties, and highlighted their common stance against the referendum.
But “while the US opposes it primarily because it sees the breakup of Iraq as a threat to the ongoing battle against Daesh, Turkey sees the referendum as a possible inspiration to its own Kurdish separatist movements, even if Kurdish aspirations for separatism have largely diminished over the years,” she told Arab News.
However, Ozgur Unluhisarcikli, Ankara office director of the German Marshall Fund of the United States, said that based on statements from Trump and Erdogan, the meeting produced nothing except a personal rapport as they publicly praised each other.
Nonetheless, “this is certainly a gain for Erdogan, who is increasingly isolated in the West,” Unluhisarcikli told Arab News.
“Time will tell whether this rapport between the two presidents will bear real fruit for US-Turkish cooperation.”
Russian President Vladimir Putin is expected to visit Ankara on Sept. 28 for talks with Erdogan on a wide range of topics, including the Syrian conflict and Turkey’s purchase of the Russian S-400 missile defense system.


Migrants in Lebanon seek to break stereotypes with new radio show

Updated 18 July 2018
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Migrants in Lebanon seek to break stereotypes with new radio show

  • Migrant domestic workers can be treated like they are invisible, and this radio show can change the way they are perceived by illustrating and highlighting the multi-faceted dimensions of their identities and lives
  • Projects like the Lebanese radio program could be used across the region to change attitudes toward migrants

BEIRUT: Since arriving in Lebanon, Sudanese migrant worker Abdallah Afandi has been turned away from beach resorts, mistaken for a cleaner and prevented from renting an apartment — all because of the color of his skin.
Now he is hoping to challenge the “racism and prejudice” he says he has encountered by taking part in Lebanon’s first radio show to be hosted and produced by migrants from countries such as Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia and the Philippines.
The aim is to give Lebanese people a greater understanding about where migrants come from to create the tolerance and respect that local migrant rights groups say is lacking.
“Many Lebanese see Sudanese only as cleaners and workers — we want them to see us in a different way,” Afandi told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
The 27-year-old came to Lebanon seven years ago when he no longer felt safe in his home of Darfur in western Sudan, where conflict had raged since 2003.
He now earns a living preparing food in a restaurant and doing maintenance work in a Beirut residential building.
Afandi’s episode is one of a series airing on Voice of Lebanon, a popular independent radio station, featuring migrants talking about their own food and culture as well as the issues they face in Lebanon.
In it, he and two other Sudanese migrants discuss their country’s pyramids and interview Sudan’s ambassador to Lebanon on migrant rights.
“I want to use my voice so that people in Lebanon understand where I come from, my culture, music, food — so they will look beyond what I do for a living, and the color of my skin,” he said.
KAFALA
Migrant workers in Lebanon and much of the Middle East work under the kafala sponsorship system, which binds them to one employer.
Rights groups have blamed the system for abuse of migrant workers and say it leaves them vulnerable to exploitation by denying them the ability to travel or change jobs.
Race is also a factor — last month two Kenyan women migrant workers suffered an attack that Lebanon’s justice minister condemned as “shocking” and “abhorrently racist” after footage of them being beaten was circulated on social media.
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) said projects like the Lebanese radio program could be used across the region to change attitudes toward migrants.
“This radio show is a brilliant example to be replicated across the region, and to bring attention to stories ‘by migrants’,” said spokeswoman Farah Sater Ferraton.

’NOT FOREIGN’
The show — whose name “Msh gharib” means “not foreign” in Arabic — has been in the works since 2017 and was created by the Anti-Racism Movement, a local non-government organization, with the help of migrants from the community center it runs.
“The title of the show really communicates its purpose — migrants are not ‘the other’. Their voices and stories shouldn’t be ‘foreign’ to Lebanese,” said Laure Makarem, spokeswoman for the center.
“Migrant domestic workers can be treated like they are invisible, and this radio show can change the way they are perceived by illustrating and highlighting the multi-faceted dimensions of their identities and lives.”
The 15 episodes will air in the next few months and are mainly in Arabic, with small sections in the hosts’ native language — particularly when talking about their rights in Lebanon.
Tarikwa Bekele, a 33-year-old domestic worker, is working on one episode with fellow Ethiopians, who make up the biggest migrant group in Lebanon at more than 100,000 people.
They are planning to talk about Ethiopian traditions, famous athletes and a famous model in the hope of showing Lebanese that Ethiopians are not “just working in houses and cleaning bathrooms,” said Bekele.
“There are so many Ethiopians working in Lebanon,” said Bekele. “Once they can see that we are like them — like any other country — I think they will treat us better. Treat us with respect.”

Funding for this story was supported by a fellowship run by the International Labour Organization and the Ethical Journalism Network.