Arab News poll on British attitudes to Arab world raised in UK Parliament
Arab News poll on British attitudes to Arab world raised in UK Parliament
The findings of the poll, which was conducted by Arab News in conjunction with YouGov, were announced last month at a special panel discussion held at the Council for Arab-British Understanding (Caabu) and was widely cited in British media outlets at the time.
Speaking during parliamentary questions on Tuesday, Labour MP Paula Sherriff asked: “What is the UK government’s position on the recognition of Palestine? Did the minister see the recent YouGov poll, commissioned by the Council for Arab-British Understanding and Arab News, that showed a majority of respondents in favor, with only 14 percent in opposition?”
Conservative MP Alistair Burt replied: “The UK government position is that Palestine will be recognized when it is in the best interests of the peace process to do so, which leaves the matter quite open.”
Commenting on the response, Caabu Director Chris Doyle said: “This is a very small snapshot of the government’s longstanding position that they will recognize (Palestine) at a time of their choosing when they consider it will be helpful to negotiations.”
“Looking back to the historic vote in Parliament, there was a clear majority of MPs then that supported Britain recognizing a Palestine state. The question is when this will be, given that the current government of Israel is hell-bent in ensuring that there will never be a Palestinian state.”
On Nov. 2, British Prime Minister Theresa May will sit down for a celebratory dinner with Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to commemorate the centenary of the declaration in which Britain pledged its support for the creation of a “national home for the Jewish people” in Palestine.
“Many believe that the anniversary of the Balfour Declaration will be an opportune moment for Britain to recognize Palestine, in part to honor the commitment in the Balfour Declaration not to prejudice the rights of the indigenous population, in other words the Palestinians,” added Doyle.
The recent Arab News/YouGov study was held ahead of the 100-year anniversary of the Balfour Declaration, which paved the way for the creation of Israel in 1948. Earlier this year, Arab News — the Middle East’s leading English daily — had announced an exclusive regional partnership deal with global polling experts YouGov to help better understand Arab points of view on global affairs, and vice versa.
The poll found that 53 percent wanted the UK government to recognize Palestine as a state, with just 14 percent against the idea and 33 percent neutral.
“I think there is wide support for a Palestinian state and I think there would be a high percentage who would accept statehood immediately,” said Yossi Mekelberg, a professor of international relations at Regent’s University London.
“I think among the British public there is a sense that Palestinians are the underdogs and that they deserve support. The British naturally supported the underdogs,” he added.
The Balfour declaration, sent by then Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour to Lionel Walter, Lord Rothschild, who represented the British Jewish community, pledged to support the creation of a Jewish state while asserting that nothing should be done to prejudice the “civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.”
The 67-word declaration has been dogged by controversy since its birth on Nov. 2, 1917, with the first of many subsequent protests against it held in 1918. Many have since come to view it as a major cause of instability in the Middle East.
In a statement released following the launch of the Arab News/YouGov poll, Alistair Carmichael MP said: “Regardless of party-political inclination, the majority of British people feel that UK foreign policy in the Arab world has failed to uphold human rights and promote global security, and that UK influence is not a stabilizing one — (by) 57 and 58 percent respectively.”
“This should give cause for great concern for past, present and future governments, that criticism of UK foreign policy and the need for a serious rethink of it, does not just come from the region itself, but from at home too.”
Speaking to Arab News, Carmichael said that the Israel-Palestine conflict is “the aspect of UK foreign policy that comes immediately to most people’s minds.”
“I come across a lot of frustration that British commentary doesn’t always get it right. They can be slow sometimes to criticize what they see as being a disproportionate action by Israel, in the most recent bombardments and continued blockade of Gaza, for example.
“At the same time, I think most people would still see a two-state solution as being the only way ahead.”
The Balfour Campaign group last year demanded that the British government “recognizes its brutal colonial practices in Palestine” and make amends to the Palestinian people for “failing to meet its obligations and to uphold Palestinian rights.”
Earlier this year, the UK released its official response to a petition signed by 13,600 people calling for an open apology.
“The Balfour Declaration is a historic statement for which (Her Majesty’s Government) does not intend to apologize,” an official statement said.
“We are proud of our role in creating the State of Israel. The task now is to encourage moves towards peace.”
Facebook accused of discrimination with job ad targeting
- It charges that job ads on Facebook targeted male users only
- Facebook lets advertisers target ads on the basis of gender and age, which is against the law in America
WASHINGTON: A complaint has been filed with the US government accusing Facebook and 10 other companies of using the platform’s job ad targeting system to discriminate on the basis of gender.
The complaint was announced Tuesday by the American Civil Liberties Union, a union called the Communications Workers of America and a labor law firm, on behalf of three female job seekers and a group of “thousands” of members represented by the union.
It charges that job ads on Facebook targeted male users only. It also alleges that most of the listings were for jobs in male-dominated fields, so women and non-binary users were excluded from seeing these ads.
Facebook lets advertisers target ads on the basis of gender and age, which is against the law in America, the complaint reads.
“I shouldn’t be shut out of the chance to hear about a job opportunity just because I am a woman,” said Bobbi Spees, one of the three women named in the complaint.
Facebook spokesman Joe Osborne said in a statement to CNNMoney that there is no place for discrimination on Facebook.
“It’s strictly prohibited in our policies, and over the past year we’ve strengthened our systems to further protect against misuse,” Osborne said.
Facebook will defend itself once it has reviewed the complaint, he added.
The ACLU noted that online platforms such as Facebook are generally not liable for content published by others.
“But in this case, Facebook is doing much more than merely publishing content created by others,” the advocacy group argued.
“It has built the architecture for this discriminatory marketing framework, enabled and encouraged advertisers to use it, and delivered the gender-based ads according to employers’ sex-based preferences.”
Last month the US Department of Housing and Urban Development accused Facebook of breaking the law by letting landlords and home sellers use its ad-targeting system to discriminate against potential buyers or tenants.
Facebook responded by cutting more than 5,000 ad-targeting options to prevent advertisers from discriminating on the basis of traits such as religion or race.