Philippines declares victory over Daesh in Marawi

Philippine Army scout rangers who participated in anti-terrorism training attends a graduation ceremony to coincide with the end of fighting against Daesh supporters in the southern Philippines, in Marawi on the southern island of Mindanao on October 23, 2017. (AFP)
Updated 24 October 2017
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Philippines declares victory over Daesh in Marawi

CLARK FIELD: After five months of intense fighting between Philippine government security forces and the Daesh-backed Islamist Maute group in Marawi City, the government has declared victory.
Philippine Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana made the announcement at the sidelines of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Defense Ministers Meeting, which opened here on Monday.
Ministers from the 10 ASEAN member nations — the Philippines, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, and Brunei Darussalam — arranged a special meeting to discuss ongoing and future coordinated approaches to the growing security threats in Southeast Asia, particularly terrorism and violent extremism.
Lorenza announced the Philippine government’s victory in Marawi in a press conference, saying that combat operations in the country’s only Islamic city had been terminated, as the remaining Maute fighters had been killed.
“There are no more militants inside Marawi City,” Lorenzana said, confirming what President Rodrigo R. Duterte said last week when he declared the city free from terrorists.
Lorenzana claimed the victory meant the government had “defeated terrorism in the Philippines.”
“In crushing the most serious attempt thus far to export violent extremism and radicalism to the Philippines and the region, we have contributed to preventing its spread in Asia and (helped) to maintain global peace, stability, and security,” he said.
“While we (acknowledge) that these tactical and strategic gains will not annihilate the ideology completely, we declare that this achievement is a clear manifestation of how our regional cooperation can lead to a decisive advance against the proliferation of terrorism in this part of the world,” Lorenzana continued.
The defense secretary expressed his gratitude for the help extended by the US, Australia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, and Singapore, and China as government forces battled the militant forces.
Meanwhile, US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis praised the Philippines for its victory in Marawi.
Mattis is in the Philippines for the ADMM-Plus — a platform for ASEAN defense chiefs to engage their counterparts from Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, South Korea, Russia, and the US.
“One of the first things I’m going to do is commend the Philippine military for liberating Marawi from the terrorists,” Mattis said in a statement released by the Pentagon. “It was a very tough fight, and I think the Philippine military sent a very strong message to the terrorists.”
Mattis added that his attendance was an opportunity to recognize ASEAN for 50 years of promoting peace and stability in Southeast Asia, and 40 years of cooperation with America.
“They have done a very good job of it,” he said.
Australian Defense Minister Marise Payne, who is also attending ADMM-Plus, met the crews of the two Australian Defense Force (ADF) AP-3C Orion aircraft which provided aerial surveillance support to the Philippine government’s successful operations against the Maute group in Marawi.
“We ask a lot of the men and women of the ADF and they answer without question and I particularly want to acknowledge that today,” she said. “I want to acknowledge the very real contribution that our ability to work with the government of the Philippines and the armed forces of the Philippines makes in terms of effective regional engagement.
“Australia and the Philippines have an extremely long, shared regional and military history. And our engagement in surveillance activity here has been an extension of that,” she continued. “An important extension of that.”


Some see signs of hope on North Korea as Trump heads to UN

Updated 52 min 40 sec ago
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Some see signs of hope on North Korea as Trump heads to UN

  • In the year since Trump’s searing, debut UN speech fueled fears of nuclear conflict with North Korea
  • The two leaders have turned from threats to flattery

WASHINGTON:North Korea’s Kim Jong Un is “little rocket man” no more. President Donald Trump isn’t a “mentally deranged US dotard.”
In the year since Trump’s searing, debut UN speech fueled fears of nuclear conflict with North Korea, the two leaders have turned from threats to flattery.
And there’s fresh hope that the US president’s abrupt shift from coercion to negotiation can yield results in getting Kim to halt, if not abandon, his nuclear weapons program.
Trump will address world leaders at the United Nations on Tuesday on the back of an upbeat summit between South and North Korea, where Kim promised to dismantle a major rocket launch site and the North’s main nuclear complex at Nyongbyon if it gets some incentive from Washington.
North Korea remains a long, long way from relinquishing its nuclear arsenal, and the US has been adding to, not easing, sanctions. Yet the past 12 months have seen a remarkable change in atmosphere between the adversaries that has surprised even the former US envoy on North Korea.
“If someone had told me last year that North Korea will stop nuclear tests, will stop missile tests and that they will release the remaining American prisoners and that they would be even considering dismantling Nyongbyon, I would have taken that in a heartbeat,” said Joseph Yun, who resigned in March and has since left the US foreign service.
Since Trump and Kim held the first summit between US and North Korean leaders in Singapore in June, Trump has missed no chance to praise “Chairman Kim,” and Kim has expressed “trust and confidence” in the American president he once branded “senile.”
But progress has been slow toward the vague goal they agreed upon — denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, which has eluded US presidents for the past quarter-century. The US wants to achieve that by January 2021, when Trump completes his first term in office.
Although Kim won’t be going to New York next week, meetings there could prove critical in deciding whether a second Trump-Kim summit will take place any time soon.
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has invited his North Korean counterpart Ri Yong Ho for a meeting in New York, and Trump will be consulting with South Korean President Moon Jae-in, fresh from his third summit with Kim this year. It was at that meeting in Pyongyang that the North Korean leader made his tantalizing offers to close key facilities of his weapons programs that have revived prospects for US-North Korea talks.
Yun, who spoke to reporters Friday at the United States Institute for Peace in Washington, said the US goal of achieving denuclearization in just two years is unrealistic, but the offer to close Nyongbyon, where the North has plutonium, uranium and nuclear reprocessing facilities, is significant and offers a way forward.
That’s a far cry from last September. After Trump’s thunderous speech, Yun’s first thought was on the need to avoid a war. The president vowed to “totally destroy North Korea” if the US was forced to defend itself or its allies against the North’s nukes. “Rocket man is on a suicide mission for himself and his regime,” the president said.
His blunt talk triggered an extraordinary, almost surreal, exchange of insults. Kim issued a harshly worded statement from Pyongyang, dubbing the thin-skinned Trump a “mentally deranged US dotard.” A day later, the North’s top diplomat warned it could test explode a hydrogen bomb over the Pacific Ocean.
Tensions have eased hugely since then, and cracks have emerged in the international consensus on pressuring North Korea economically to get it to disarm.
The US accuses Russia of allowing illicit oil sales to North Korea. Trump has also criticized China, which has fraternal ties with the North and is embroiled in a trade war with the US, for conducting more trade with its old ally. Sanctions could even become a sore point with South Korea. Moon is eager to restart economic cooperation with North Korea to cement improved relations on the divided peninsula.
All that will increase pressure on Washington to compromise with Pyongyang — providing the incentives Kim seeks, even if the weapons capabilities he’s amassed violate international law. He’s likely eying a declaration on formally ending the Korean War as a marker of reduced US “hostility” and sanctions relief.
That could prove politically unpalatable in Washington just as it looks for Kim to follow through on the denuclearization pledge he made in Singapore.
Frank Aum, a former senior Pentagon adviser on North Korea, warned tensions could spike again if the US does not see progress by year’s end, when the US would typically need to start planning large-scale military drills with South Korea that North Korea views as war preparations. Trump decided to cancel drills this summer as a concession to Kim.
“Things can flip pretty quickly,” Aum said. “We’ve seen it going from bad to good and it could fairly quickly go back to the bad again.”