“No fireworks” at NAFTA talks, but few signs of progress

Time is running short to seal a new deal to update the North American Free Trade Agreement by the deadline of end-March 2018. (Reuters)
Updated 19 November 2017
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“No fireworks” at NAFTA talks, but few signs of progress

MEXICO CITY: Negotiations in Mexico to update NAFTA have not made much progress on tough US demands that could sink the 1994 trade pact, but the current round of talks are progressing with civility, some participants said on Saturday.
Officials from the US, Canada and Mexico are meeting in Mexico City for the fifth of seven planned rounds to update the North American Free Trade Agreement, from which US President Donald Trump has threatened to withdraw.
Time is running short to seal a deal by the deadline of end-March 2018. Officials say next year’s Mexican presidential election means talks after that date will not be possible.
The US administration has made demands that the other members say are unacceptable, such as a five-year “sunset” clause and tightening so-called rules of origin to boost the North American content of autos.
“It is very slow moving but there are no fireworks,” said a Canadian source with knowledge of the talks, adding there had “not been much conversation at all” on the more contentious US proposals.
Within hours of the latest round of talks formally starting on Friday, Canada was complaining about inflexibility by the US.
Officials have so far discussed other issues such as labor, gender, intellectual property, energy and telecommunications but it is too soon to say whether there will be any breakthroughs this round, added a source familiar with the talks.
“The work is moving forward,” Mexican deputy economy minister Juan Carlos Baker told reporters, adding that the three countries had prioritized technical work in Mexico City.
But he said negotiators were aware that much work lay ahead and “we have to double our efforts.”
“The atmosphere is good, the atmosphere is one of work,” Baker added.
The mood was calmer than the tense scenes during last month’s round in Arlington, Virginia, where tough US demands were revealed. Still, the negotiations have passed the halfway point of an initial schedule with few clear signs of process.
Mexican officials hope chapters on telecommunications and e-commerce will be concluded by the end of business on Tuesday, but there has been no indication of this yet.
Although negotiators are scheduled to discuss rules of origin every day, the source said detailed talks on boosting North American content would not be held before the end of the round on Tuesday.
Canada and Mexico say the new rules of origin are unworkable and would damage the highly-integrated auto industry.
“I hope the US understands there are things ... that Mexico won’t accept, and (I hope) the negotiating process becomes more rational,” Moises Kalach, head of the international negotiating arm of Mexico’s CCE business lobby, told Reuters.
On Friday, the US Trade Representative’s office revised its official objectives to conform to its current demands.
The move prompted US Senator Ron Wyden, the top Democrat on the Senate Finance Committee, to remove a “hold” he had put in place to block confirmation of two Trump administration nominees for deputy USTR positions, a Wyden aide said.
Wyden had complained the trade office was keeping members of Congress “in the dark.”


Beijing to clamp down on property market irregularities as rents soar

Updated 17 August 2018
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Beijing to clamp down on property market irregularities as rents soar

BEIJING: Beijing’s housing authority said on Friday it will clamp down on market irregularities that have fueled a spike in rental prices, telling major apartment rental service providers, including Ziroom, to correct their behavior.
In a statement on its website, the Beijing Municipal Commission of Housing and Urban-rural Development said it had held talks with major rental companies on Friday after media reports of surging rents.
Since last year, authorities have been looking favorably on real estate companies that have robust plans to develop their rental businesses as this fit with President Xi Jinping’s pledge to reduce the speculative nature of the property market and help provide affordable housing for those who can not afford to buy.
Policymakers have appealed to banks and insurers to facilitate funding and help accelerate the development of rental markets.
Rental companies are capitalizing on Beijing’s campaign to develop a viable urban rental market. In January, Ziroom — a variation on Airbnb — landed a fresh investment of about $620 million led by private equity firm Warburg Pincus.
The housing authority told the rental companies they should not grab rental listings with above market price offers using funds they procured from banks and other financial channels, which has fueled a “vicious competition.”
It also warned they should not tempt landlords to terminate leasing contracts early with promises of higher prices.
The bureau said it had launched a joint inspection with the Beijing banking regulator and the finance and tax bureaus on rental companies to crack down on such behavior that had rattled the market.