Afghan radio station connects people with government

Massood Sanjer, left, smiles as his colleague, Humayoun Daneshyar, looks on inside a studio of Arman FM in Kabul. (Via Facebook)
Updated 19 November 2017
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Afghan radio station connects people with government

KABUL: Shocked with the Afghan capital’s lack of cleanliness after years of war, Arman FM’s focus when it began in 2003 was to remind the public in Kabul how to keep the city clean, and to hold them accountable. The impact was quick and obvious.
Emboldened by change in Kabul and the way the public welcomed an hour-long program called “Cleaning up of the City,” the station looked to address other emerging challenges in the city.
It began covering issues such as traffic, transport, security, education, governance and graft.
Now people from across Afghanistan call the station to share their grievances and problems.
In a country where the public finds it increasingly hard to reach officials, Arman FM tries to get them to respond either the same day or the next.
Even government employees call the station to seek help or expose shortcomings and violations by higher-ups.
Arman FM “is received very well by government officials who want to come to the studio to listen to people calling and note down issues,” host Massoud Sanjer told Arab News.
“We had the interior minister last Wednesday. Those who can’t come answer their phones right away,” he said.
“Government people take the show seriously. If we talk about a pile of garbage in an area, the next day it’s cleaned up by the municipality,” Sanjer added.
“The Interior Ministry has a team to listen to the show every morning, and the minister is briefed on issues relating to the ministry.”
One important topic of debate one morning was weather pollution in Kabul, for which the station invited Dr. Mohammed Idress Tokhi, head of the National Environment Department.
“The situation as far as pollution is concerned is quite bad. It’s winter and citizens rely on charcoal to heat their houses,” he said.
“Around 10 million kg of coal is being used daily in Kabul, and that’s a major source of pollution.”
Tokhi said his department is trying to raise public awareness about the dangers of pollution.
He suggested that the government increase electricity production and extend the grid in Kabul, or reduce gas prices and reliance on coal.
“The death toll caused by pollution is far more than by fighting and suicide attacks,” he said.
“A few years ago, the Public Health Ministry said 3,000 people had died in Kabul because of weather pollution. It’s a gradual death that all of us face.”
To provide light-heartedness amid the complaints and problems, Senjar said: “We have a regular listener who mimics exactly how President Ashraf Ghani talks. He’s the best.”
Reporter Sabir Fahim said the station has become a “vanguard” in connecting people with the government, and has accomplished great success in a society torn by conflict, frustration, poverty and inequality.


Death toll from anti-Vedanta protests in south India rises to 13

Updated 24 May 2018
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Death toll from anti-Vedanta protests in south India rises to 13

TUTICORIN, India: A protester shot during demonstrations against a copper plant in southern India died of his injuries Thursday, officials said, the 13th victim killed by police fire.
A curfew remained in pockets of Tuticorin city in Tamil Nadu state where police used live ammunition to disperse protesters this week, provoking international outrage and demands for an immediate investigation.
Calls for the copper smelting plant owned by British mining giant Vedanta Resources to be closed had been building in recent months, with residents complaining it was polluting their city.
The resistance came to a head Tuesday when police stopped a crowd of thousands from protesting outside the factory.
Cars and buildings were set ablaze and rocks hurled at police, who responded with live fire. Eleven demonstrators were shot dead and many people injured in the melee, including 20 police.
Another protester died Wednesday when he was struck by rubber bullets in a second day of protests.
The latest victim died in hospital Thursday, two days after being injured, doctors said.
“He was brought in a critical condition with bullet injuries and died today,” a doctor at the local hospital said.
The chief minister of Tamil Nadu has ordered an inquiry but defended the actions of police, which the state’s opposition leader called “mass murder.”
“The police have a duty during protests to maintain law and order, but lethal force can only be used if there is an imminent threat to life,” Meenakshi Ganguly, South Asia director at Human Rights Watch, said.
“Tamil Nadu authorities need to carry out a prompt and credible investigation to determine if police used excessive force.”
Internet services have been blocked across the city for five days. Police justified the blackout to stop the spread of information that could incite further violence as they search for those behind Tuesday’s arson attacks.
Environmentalists and locals say the factory contaminates water and air, claims its owners deny.
The company has sought to renew the license of the temporarily non-operational plant and hopes to double its production capacity.
But a state court Wednesday ordered that it cease any further construction at the new site.
The ruling came just hours after Tamil Nadu’s pollution board ordered the existing plant be shut and its power supply cut until a verdict is made on its licensing application.