Putin to hold Syria peace talks with Erdogan, Rouhani
Putin to hold Syria peace talks with Erdogan, Rouhani
Putin’s meeting with Turkey’s Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani comes as Ankara, Moscow and Tehran cooperate with increasing intensity on ending the civil war in Syria that has claimed some 330,000 lives and made millions homeless.
On Tuesday the Russian president discussed the issue with his US counterpart Donald Trump, with both speaking of the need for progress toward a peace settlement.
The call followed talks with Assad in the Black Sea resort of Sochi “at which the Syrian leader confirmed his commitment to the political process, (and) conducting constitutional reform and presidential and parliamentary elections,” the Kremlin said.
Putin’s flurry of diplomacy also included phone talks with Saudi Arabia’s King Salman and the leaders of Egypt and Israel.
During the phone call with Trump the Kremlin said Putin informed Trump of “the main results” of his meeting with Assad, and stressed the “need to keep Syria’s sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity intact.”
A political settlement in Syria should be based on principles to be worked out during an all-inclusive “internal negotiating process.”
The White House called for the need to ensure “the stability of a unified Syria,” a statement said.
The aim is “to peacefully resolve the Syrian civil war, end the humanitarian crisis, allow displaced Syrians to return home and ensure the stability of a unified Syria free of malign intervention and terrorist safe havens,” it added.
But there was no mention of Assad’s future.
The Syrian president’s fate remains a huge stumbling block, preventing global players from reaching a peace settlement over the six-year war.
In his talks with the Saudi king, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Putin touted Moscow’s recent initiative to bring Assad’s regime and its opponents together for a “congress.”
Different factions of the Syrian opposition will meet from Wednesday in Riyadh in talks hosted by Saudi Arabia.
The aim of the Saudi-backed High Negotiations Committee is to reach consensus on a strategy for UN-backed talks in Geneva, which will focus on a new constitution for Syria and fresh elections.
Earlier Tuesday, Putin told visiting Czech President Milos Zeman that Assad’s troops controlled more than 98 percent of territory.
“You won in Syria,” Zeman told Putin.
Analysts say that Russia’s decision to intervene militarily in Syria in 2015 appears to have saved Assad’s regime but a peace settlement seems ever more elusive.
Billed as a “working visit,” the meeting between Putin and Assad in Sochi was their first meeting in two years, after the Syrian leader traveled to Moscow in 2015 to thank Putin for his decision to intervene in Syria.
“As for our joint work in the fight against terrorism in Syria, this military operation is coming to an end,” Putin said in comments released Tuesday.
“Thanks to the Russian army, Syria has been saved as a state. Much has been done to stabilize the situation in Syria,” Putin said.
Assad said he wanted to advance negotiations.
“We don’t want to look back and we are ready for dialogue with all those who want to come up with a political settlement,” Assad said in translated comments.
Russia’s army chief of general staff, Valery Gerasimov, was quoted by national news agencies as saying that “despite the fact that there remains a raft of unresolved problems” the military stage “is coming to its logical conclusion.”
Wednesday’s trilateral summit will take place ahead of parallel UN-led talks in Geneva set for November 28.
The trio are cooperating despite Turkey still officially being on an opposite side in the Syrian conflict from Russia and Iran.
Russia, Iran and Turkey have backed negotiations in the Kazakh capital Astana that have brought together the representatives of the opposition and the regime.
The talks led to the creation of four so-called “de-escalation zones” that produced a drop in violence, but fighting and bombardments continued.
Moscow’s military intervention in Syria in 2015 is widely seen as tipping the balance in the conflict.
Since then the Syrian army has reclaimed the ancient city of Palmyra from the Islamic State and driven rebels out of their northern bastion Aleppo.
This week regime forces ousted IS from its last urban stronghold in the country, Albu Kamal.
Saudi Arabia pledges $100m to help ‘stabilize’ Syria’s northeast
- United States, which leads the anti-Daesh coalition, expressed its thanks for the funds
- The money will help ensure the militants cannot re-emerge as a threat
RIYADH: Saudi Arabia has contributed $100 million to help reconstruct areas of north-eastern Syria formerly held by Daesh.
The Kingdom said the contribution would go toward a campaign by the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS to “stabilize” the former Daesh bastion and help ensure the militants cannot re-emerge as a threat.
The United States, which leads the coalition, expressed its thanks and appreciation to Riyadh.
“This significant contribution is critical to stabilization and early recovery efforts,” a State Department spokeswoman said. “Saudi Arabia has been a leading partner in the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS from the outset.”
US applauds today’s announcement by #SaudiArabia of its contribution of $100 million for ongoing, @Coalition-supported stabilization efforts in areas liberated from ISIS in #Syria. This contribution is critical to stabilization & early recovery efforts. https://t.co/TPJ2Zx5HJl— Heather Nauert (@statedeptspox) August 17, 2018
The funds are the biggest single financial contribution yet for reconstruction efforts in areas formerly controlled by the extremists.
The money would “save lives, help facilitate the return of displaced Syrians, and help ensure that Daesh cannot reemerge to threaten Syria, its neighbors, or plan attacks against the international community,” the Saudi Embassy in Washington said.
The contribution aims to support “stabilization projects” and “will play a critical role in the coalition’s efforts to revitalize communities, such as Raqqa, that have been devastated by Daesh terrorists.”
The statement said the money showed Saudi Arabia’s continued commitment to serve as a stabilizing force in the region.
The funds, part of a pledge made by Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir last month, will go towards projects to restore essential services in the areas of health, agriculture, electricity, water, education, and transportation.
Press Release: #KSA contributes $100 million for Syria’s stabilization efforts to areas liberated from ISIS. KSA has been a leading partner in the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS. Funds will focus on projects to restore essential services across key areas.https://t.co/7OWSndDsnV— Saudi Embassy (@SaudiEmbassyUSA) August 16, 2018
The United Nations has said reconstruction in Syria would cost at least $250 billion. The Daesh takeover of large areas of territory in Syria and Iraq in 2014 led to huge levels of destruction.
A conference on the reconstruction of Iraq held in Kuwait in February raised $30 billion in funding commitment. Saudi Arabia said at the event it would contribute $1.5 billion in financial and reconstruction support.
Saudi Arabia also hosted the founding conference for the coalition in Jeddah in September 2014, and soon after flew the first air missions to bomb Daesh targets in Syria.