Duterte promised on the campaign trail that he would eradicate the Philippines’ drug problems if he was elected — “I’ll kill you,” he told drug dealers and users in May 2016 — just as he managed to clean up Davao City when he was mayor there.
But, just as in Davao, reports of unlawful extrajudicial killings have attracted significant criticism of Duterte’s methods.
Casiple said the president is convinced that the cause of most crimes is illegal drugs. “In fact, there are statistics that show that 68 percent of crimes in the country are drug-related,” he said.
Another report suggests that, because of the Duterte administration's relentless campaign against drugs, there has been a significant decrease in crime across the board, especially crimes against property.
“Ironically, there was an increase in murders, but, of course, he is denying that these are extrajudicial killings,” Casiple added.
The president “feels encouraged,” too, by the interest shown by several countries, including Indonesia and the US, in his program’s progress, Casiple suggested.
“They are now seeing that the Philippine government's war on drugs is bearing positive results,” he said. “Even (US President Donald) Trump admitted during their recent talks that he is taking some cues from the Philippines (on dealing with the drug problem).”
Casiple also claimed that Duterte’s campaign “remains popular in general” with the citizens of the Philippines.
And although Duterte has realized his campaign promise to eradicate the Philippines’ drug problem may be impossible, now that he has full access to intelligence reports on the matter, Casiple said, the president remains focused on trying to deliver that promise.
“There is political will on the part of the president. He wants to do his best to address the issue on drugs but he has also realized that he can't completely lick the problem,” said Casiple. “Further, he is bent on fulfilling his campaign promise to bring change to the country. But we first have to achieve peace and order before economic development can set in. That way we can attract investments which will produce jobs, which, in turn,will address the poverty question on a long term basis.”
Casiple said that extrajudicial killings are a violation of human rights and those directly involved can be charged in court, but suggested the president could not be held responsible for the conduct of law enforcement personnel.
“The question is: Does the president have a direct hand on these killings? Or did he create the situation? So far I am not aware of any direct order from the president for our law enforcers to loosen the terms of engagement in the conduct of police operations,” said Casiple.
On the president's recent decision to hand control of the drug war back to the Philippine National Police (PNP), having initially transferred responsibility from the PNP to the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA), Casiple said it poses questions about whether there have been qualitative changes to the policy.
“Remember, it was (originally) removed from the PNP and transferred to the PDEA because of some issues. The first was the killing of a Korean businessman in which the suspects were anti-drug operatives and the second was the killings of three teens in Caloocan City,” he said.
“I dont think there has been a qualitative improvement on the behavior of the police," he continued. “Nothing was changed as far as the anti-drug policy is concerned.”
Casiple did have some advice for the president if he really wants to show the public that he does not condone extrajudicial killings.
“He has to stop giving borderline instructions such as that it's OK for the police to kill and that he will provide them with a lawyer,” Casiple said — although he added that “obviously” what the president meant by such statements is that he will fully support the police’s actions in the line of duty.