Border crossing between Lebanon and Syria reopens

The Lebanese border village of Al Qaa. (AFP)
Updated 15 December 2017
0

Border crossing between Lebanon and Syria reopens

BEIRUT: A Lebanese General Security Center is being opened at the Qaa border crossing with Syria after the Syrian side opened the opposite Jusiyah crossing after a five-year closure.
A Lebanese security official told Arab News that the passage of individuals and cars would start at 6 a.m. on Friday, “but the expectations are not big.”
The security official said that “the whole issue could be limited to local residents only, because there are Lebanese citizens who have properties in Syria, and there are Syrian citizens who have relatives in Lebanon, otherwise we do not expect the return of Syrian refugees to inland Syria.”
The Lebanese-Syrian border crossing links the Syrian city of Homs with the Lebanese Baalbek-Hermel governorate. The Lebanese official said that “both the Lebanese and Syrian sides intentionally brought the border points closer to a great extent, because some Syrian refugees who fled from Homs to Lebanon set up their tents in no-man’s land, which is about 12 kilometers away. And following the latest arrangement, the refugees have become inside Lebanese territories.”
The security source estimated the number of Syrian refugees in this area to be about 30,000.
The security source noted that “the goal of this move is to control the movement of refugees in this area between the Lebanese and Syrian sides,” adding that “the actual return of refugees is still awaiting a political solution for the war in Syria, which involves tackling the issue of refugees.” However, the source said that “opening the border crossing is part of field preparations for any future step in this direction.”
Meanwhile, the press office of Prime Minister Saad Hariri released a statement by the prime minister stressing that “those who think the war in Syria is over are mistaken.”
Opening the border crossing was not accompanied by any official Syrian-Lebanese rapprochement.
However, two members of the Lebanese Parliament, one from Hezbollah and another from the Syrian Social Nationalist Party, who participated in the ceremony on the Lebanese side, came to the Syrian crossing point, where General Mohammad Al-Sha’ar, the Syrian Minister of the Interior, Talal Al-Barazi, the governor of Homs, and some Syrian General Security officers were standing with representatives of the Syrian media.
Al-Sha’ar said: “We are with anything that may serve the normal relations and the natural context between Lebanon and Syria, and there are no hurdles impeding anyone who wants to return to Syria.”
Al-Barazi noted that “the situation will go back to normal, and hopefully the transit activity to and from Lebanon will return to what it used to be before 2012.”
On the Lebanese side of the border crossing, the general director of the Lebanese General Security, Major General Abbas Ibrahim, inaugurated the new General Security center without coming to the Syrian side. He said in a speech that the inauguration of the center “is of great importance at these exceptional sensitive times. We are here to set the borders of our homeland with efforts and sacrifice.”
Ibrahim noted that the center “is furnished with men and equipment to be, first and foremost, a station for safety and security for the Qaa and Lebanese people and, secondly, a guarantee for the freedom of movement for people to and from Lebanon, within the limits of law and mutual agreements, so that the residents of Qaa and its neighboring areas can protect their property and invest their lands without any hurdles or difficulties.”
He also said that “the cooperation with the Syrian side is within the limits imposed by the procedures and laws,” stressing that “the policy of dissociation has nothing to do with opening the border crossing.”
The Qaa-Jusiyah crossing is one of five official border crossings between Lebanon and Syria, all of which are now under the control of the forces of the Syrian regime. These borders include Jdidat Yabus-AlMasna’ (Beqaa), which is open for individuals and vehicles; Dabbusiah-Abbudiah (in the north), which has never been closed; Talkalakh-Albuqeiha, which is still closed; and Tartus-Arida, which is open.
There are many “illegal border crossing points along the Lebanese-Syrian border used by smugglers and people moving between the two countries illegally,” according to the same security source.


Turkey says it will not let the US hold it back in Syria

Updated 17 December 2018
0

Turkey says it will not let the US hold it back in Syria

  • Turkey said it would launch a new operation within days against the US-backed Syrian Kurdish YPG militia
  • Relations between the two NATO allies have long been strained by Syria policy

ISTANBUL: Turkey pledged on Monday to press ahead with plans to target a Kurdish militia in northern Syria, brushing off what it said were American efforts to stymie Turkish military operations east of the Euphrates.
President Tayyip Erdogan said last week that Turkey would launch a new operation within days against the US-backed Syrian Kurdish YPG militia in northern Syria. The Pentagon expressed grave concern and said unilateral military action there by any party would be “unacceptable.”
Relations between the two NATO allies have long been strained by Syria policy. The United States has backed the YPG against Daesh fighters. Ankara, however, sees the YPG as terrorists tied to PKK militants who have fought an insurgency in southeast Turkey for 34 years.
Interior Minister Suleyman Soylu said Washington had tried to hold Turkey back during two operations in Syria in the last two years against Daesh and the YPG, which controls swathes of Syria’s northern border region.
“The United States thought it could deter us with the men it has nurtured,” he said during a visit to Pakistan, state-owned news agency Anadolu reported. “Now, they will try to hold us back east of the Euphrates. Turkey did not, and will not, allow that.”
Turkey has not yet launched an operation east of the Euphrates but has kept up regular air strikes against Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) militants based in Iraq’s mountains.
Baghdad summoned Turkey’s ambassador to Iraq on Friday after Ankara said it killed eight PKK fighters. But Turkish warplanes have since carried out further strikes.
On Monday, Turkey’s defense ministry said air strikes on Sunday targeted northern Iraq’s Gara and Hakurk areas and “neutralized” seven militants preparing to attack Turkish bases.
Erdogan has said Turkish forces will enter the Syrian town of Manbij, west of the Euphrates, if the United States does not remove YPG fighters there and will also target the eastern side, where the YPG controls an area stretching more than 400 km (250 miles) along the border toward Iraq.
On Sunday he vowed again to maintain attacks on militants.
“We are always in the heads of the terrorists. We are burying them in the ditches they dig. We will continue to bury them,” he said in a rally in Istanbul.
“Terrorists will cease to be an affliction for my nation,” he said. “Together with God’s permission we are making those who attack our homeland and borders pay the price.”
The United States has set up observation posts on the Syrian border, saying they will deter security threats against Turkey coming from Syria. It has warned Turkey against a new incursion.