The two sides signed deals in the nuclear, aviation and other key sectors on the second day of Macron’s first state visit to China.
Macron, who has positioned himself as the leading voice of the European Union, came to Beijing to discuss an ambitious agenda with Xi, the most powerful Chinese leader in decades.
“We are at a crucial point in the world,” Macron said alongside Xi after overseeing the signing ceremony, pointing to the common challenges presented by climate change and terrorism.
Xi said the two countries would “work hand-in-hand” and hold more high-level talks on trade. He also welcomed Macron’s endorsement of his cherished One Belt, One Road project, a $1 trillion revival of ancient Silk Road land and sea trading routes.
The deals included a memorandum of understanding for French energy giant Areva and Chinese counterpart CNNC to build a €10 billion ($12 billion) nuclear spent fuel reprocessing plant in China.
European aerospace giant Airbus announced an agreement with Chinese partners to increase production of its A320 jet in Tianjin to six aircraft per month.
Chinese online retailer JD.com announced plans to sell French goods worth €2 billion ($2.4 billion) to Chinese consumers over the next two years, including high-end wine and cognac.
China also agreed to lift a 16-year-old embargo on French beef within six months, Macron said.
Macron, accompanied by some 50 French business leaders, has laid on the charm during his visit, giving Xi a horse from the Republican Guard as a gift. He also delighted Chinese social media users by releasing a video of him learning to say his climate slogan — “Make the planet great again” — in Mandarin.
But France, which runs a €30 billion ($36 billion) deficit with China, wants to “rebalance” its trade relationship with Beijing and, like other European nations, has demanded reciprocal access to the huge Chinese market.
US and European firms also complain about being forced to hand over intellectual property secrets in order to gain market access.
French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire, who traveled with Macron, told reporters he has rejected “many” Chinese projects in France.
“We accept long-term investments, not pillaging investments,” Le Maire said.
In a keynote speech on Monday, Macron urged the EU to take part in Xi’s Silk Road initiative, though he warned that it should not create a “new hegemony” for Beijing.
Xi, who had already hosted Macron and his wife Brigitte for dinner on Monday night, treated the French leader to a military honor guard at the Great Hall of the People before their meeting.
It is the first state visit by a European leader since China’s Communist Party congress in October, which further strengthened Xi’s grip on power. He was formally handed a second term and his name was enshrined in the party’s constitution.
Beijing has praised Macron’s decision to choose China for his first state visit to an Asian nation. US President Donald Trump visited the Chinese capital in November and was given a lavish welcome.
Earlier, Macron and his wife were accompanied by students from the French international school and a French historian as they strolled through the red-walled palaces of former Chinese emperors at the Forbidden City.