US SEC says bitcoin funds raise ‘investor protection issues’

The US securities regulator asked whether investors could understand the risks and how to address concerns that bitcoin markets could be manipulated. (Reuters)
Updated 19 January 2018
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US SEC says bitcoin funds raise ‘investor protection issues’

The US securities regulator on Thursday raised alarm about the safety of bitcoin-themed investments, telling the fund industry they want answers to their concerns before endorsing more than a dozen proposed products based on cryptocurrencies.
A top division chief at the US Securities and Exchange Commission detailed the agency’s concerns about the wild-trading investment in a letter to two trade groups representing fund managers who unleashed a range of proposals for funds holding bitcoin or related assets.
The SEC’s division of investment management demanded answers to at least 31 detailed questions about how mutual funds or exchange-traded funds based on bitcoin would store, safeguard, and price that asset.
They also asked whether investors could understand the risks and how to address concerns that bitcoin markets could be manipulated.
“There are a number of significant investor protection issues that need to be examined before sponsors begin offering these funds to investors,” said the letter signed by Dalia Blass, the SEC’s director of the division of investment management.
Bitcoin’s 1,500 percent surge last year stoked investor demand for any product with exposure to the red-hot asset. A host of companies are jostling to launch exchange-traded funds which would open up the cryptocurrency to a broad retail market.
The SEC in March denied a request to list an ETF from investors Cameron and Tyler Winklevoss, owners of the Gemini bitcoin exchange.
The Winklevoss fund is seeking to invest in bitcoin directly. Other fund firms staked their hopes on recently launched US-listed bitcoin futures contracts, which promised a more stable base for ETFs than the largely unregulated virtual currency spot market. Many of those proposals were withdrawn last week at the request of the SEC.
Bitcoin was last down a fraction of a percent for the day at $11,228 on the Bitstamp exchange, but it has tumbled more than 40 percent from its peak in December.
Jeremy Senderowicz, a lawyer who represented one proposal for a cryptocurrency product before the SEC, said the SEC statement is a “really big deal” by making public concerns that fund managers would have had to address on a case-by-case basis, behind the scenes.
“It shows that they’re going to have to take some time to consider the industry’s responses before they change their minds on it,” said Senderowicz, a partner at Dechert LLP.
“It gives a template for how to get to a yes.”


Global growth outlook for 2019 dims for first time — poll

Updated 12 min 20 sec ago
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Global growth outlook for 2019 dims for first time — poll

  • At the start of 2018, optimism about a robust global economic outlook was almost unanimous among respondents
  • But with no let-up in the US-China trade war, growth forecasts point to more pain ahead
BENGALURU: The outlook for global growth in 2019 has dimmed for the first time, according to Reuters polls of economists who said the US-China trade war and tightening financial conditions would trigger the next downturn.
At the start of 2018, optimism about a robust global economic outlook was almost unanimous among respondents.
But Reuters polls of more than 500 economists taken this month showed a downgrade to the outlook for 18 of 44 economies polled, with 23 unchanged. Only three were marginally upgraded.
While risks from trade protectionism have been consistently highlighted by Reuters polls since January last year, the latest indicated that growth in about 70 percent of 44 economies surveyed has already peaked.
“A simple dynamic is playing out in the global economy right now: the US is booming, while most of the rest of the world slows or even stagnates. The stresses caused by this divergence are playing out uncomfortably in many emerging markets,” noted Janet Henry, global chief economist at HSBC.
“A US Federal Reserve that is raising interest rates to prevent the US economy from overheating is constraining the policy options of countries where financial conditions are tightening and trade tensions intensifying.”
The latest shift in growth expectations comes on the heels of a deep sell-off in financial markets, especially emerging ones, largely driven by trade concerns.
A majority out of nearly 150 economists said the top two triggers for the next global downturn were a further escalation of US-Sino trade tensions, and tightening in financial conditions driven by a deep sell-off in global equities or a rapid rise in government bond yields.
“First, there would be no winners from a global trade war. Even if the aggregate costs are modest and skewed toward more open economies, all countries would ultimately be worse off compared to the status quo,” noted Neil Shearing, group chief economist at Capital Economics.
“(it)... would inflict lasting damage to growth and cause a permanent loss of output.”
US President Donald Trump’s administration threatened duties on $267 billion of Chinese goods on top of tariffs already levied on $250 billion previously — amounting to almost all imports. Beijing retaliated.
A majority of economists covering the US economy who were asked an additional question said US economic policy toward China over the next few years would become more confrontational.
Along with faster-than-expected increases in US interest rates compared to the previous poll, that points to a substantial slowdown in the US economy by late next year, even as it remains the current major driver of global growth.
But only a slim majority expect US wage growth to pick up meaningfully before the next recession.
“The risk of a self-inflicted wound in the US is rising. The dominant downside risk to the global outlook remains the Trump Administration’s attempt to rebalance trade with China through tariff policy,” noted Jean-François Perrault, chief economist at Scotiabank.
“The consequences of escalating trade actions are undeniable: higher prices in China and the US, less purchasing power for consumers in these countries, higher input costs, heightened financial market volatility, and possibly higher interest rates. These effects would likely spill over from these countries.”
While global growth this year will hold strong, unchanged at July’s 3.8 percent prediction, the consensus for 2019 was 3.6 percent, a cut for the first time since polling began for that period in July 2017. That was also lower than the International Monetary Fund’s recent 2019 projection of 3.7 percent.
The European Central Bank was not expected to extend its bond-buying program beyond this year, despite additional economic and political concerns from Italy and Brexit negotiations mounting.
But with no let-up in the US-China trade war, growth forecasts point to more pain ahead — not just for developed but also emerging market economies.
From China to Turkey and Africa to Latin America, growth forecasts for the coming year were downgraded.
“There has been an abrupt ‘stop’ of capital flows to EM (emerging markets) over recent months, which has created painful consequences for EM with large external deficits,” said Adam Slater, a lead economist at Oxford Economics.