Syria regime accused of chemical attack in rebel enclave, US warns Russia

A Syrian girl holds an oxygen mask over the face of an infant at a make-shift hospital following a reported gas attack on the rebel-held besieged town of Douma in the eastern Ghouta region on the outskirts of the capital Damascus on January 22, 2018. (AFP)
Updated 23 January 2018
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Syria regime accused of chemical attack in rebel enclave, US warns Russia

DOUMA, Syria: At least 21 people, including children, suffered breathing difficulties Monday, a monitor said, in a suspected Syrian regime chemical attack on a besieged rebel enclave near Damascus.
United Nations inspectors have accused President Bashar Assad’s regime of being behind multiple deadly poison gas attacks during the country’s devastating seven year war.
Monday’s attack targeted the city of Douma in the rebel-held region of Eastern Ghouta, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said.
“After regime forces fired rockets into the western part of the city of Douma, white smoke spread, causing 21 cases of suffocation,” it said.
An AFP correspondent at a hospital in the city saw people carrying babies wrapped in blankets, breathing through oxygen masks, some of them screaming.
Young girls and men sat on hospital beds, tears in their eyes, unable to stop coughing.
A doctor at the hospital who gave his first name as Bassil said patients were suffering “respiratory irritation, breathing difficulties, coughing and reddening of the eyes.”
“We noticed that they smelled like bleach, or chlorine, and we stripped them of their clothes,” he said.
Six children and six women were among those affected, the Observatory said
“Residents and medical sources talk of chlorine gas,” Observatory hear Rami Abdel Rahman said, adding that his group — which relies on a network of sources inside Syria could not confirm those reports.

Meanwhile, the United States sternly criticized Russia’s failure to rein in its Syrian ally Bashar Assad on Monday after the reports of a new regime chemical weapons strike emerged.
Washington is not yet in a position to confirm the latest report, but officials noted that Russia has hamstrung UN efforts to probe previous allegations of regime atrocities.
“Civilians are being killed and it is not acceptable,” Steve Goldstein, US assistant secretary of state for public affairs, told reporters in Washington.
Asked whether the United States would raise the issue at the UN Security Council, Goldstein said: “We’ll see tomorrow.”
“Russia had failed to rid Syria of chemical weapons, and they’ve been blocking chemical weapons organizations. Enough is enough,” he warned.
The United States has urged Russia to compel Assad to take a United Nations-brokered peace process in Geneva and Vienna seriously and come to the table.
But Moscow — along with Iran and Turkey — has been running a parallel peace initiative under its own auspices out of Astana and Sochi, and the eight-year-old civil war continues.
In 2013 the previous US administration, under president Barack Obama, balked at striking Syria over its alleged chemical arms use, choosing to work with Moscow on a disarmament plan.
But US military action in Syria has otherwise been focused on defeating Daesh — and thus-far ineffective diplomatic efforts to end the civil war.
On January 13, a similar attack targeted the outskirts of Douma and the Observatory reported seven cases of suffocation.
Days later, Human Rights Watch head Kenneth Roth accused the Syrian regime of using chlorine gas during the siege of Eastern Ghouta.
Besieged since 2013 by regime forces, the rebel stronghold’s 400,000 inhabitants are already experiencing a crushing humanitarian crisis and severe shortages of food and medicine.
The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) and the United Nations blamed the Syrian air force for an April 2017 sarin gas attack on the opposition-held village of Khan Sheikhun which left scores dead.
The attack triggered an unprecedented American missile strike on the air base it is believed Syrian forces used to carry out the attack.
The regime is also accused of using chlorine gas in three areas of northern Syria in 2014 and 2015.
UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres has called for efforts to punish officials responsible for chemical attacks in Syria.
Syrian state TV said Monday that rebel mortar fire had killed nine people in two neighborhoods of Damascus.
Syria’s nearly seven-year war, which began as the regime brutally crushed anti-government protests, has claimed more than 340,000 lives, forced millions to flee their homes and left the country in ruins.


New social deal signed in Morocco, salaries to rise

Updated 26 April 2019
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New social deal signed in Morocco, salaries to rise

  • The minimum wage, currently 2,570 dirhams a month ($266), will be increased by 10 percent over two years from July
  • Last July King Mohammed VI urged the government to take “urgent action” to address social issues

RABAT: The Moroccan government on Thursday announced a “new social deal” with employers and the main labor unions, under which many workers will enjoy a pay rise.
The deal agreed by the General Confederation of Moroccan Businesses (CGEM) and the three main unions — the UMT, UGTM and UNMT — is the fruit of months of negotiations
The minimum wage, currently 2,570 dirhams a month ($266), will be increased by 10 percent over two years from July, except for the agricultural sector.
Government-paid family allowances will also rise.
Meanwhile public sector workers will be given a 300-500 dirham monthly pay increase over three years.
Of Morocco’s main trade unions only the Democratic Labour Confederation has not signed the social deal which, according to the government statement, is aimed at “improving spending power and the social climate.”
Last July King Mohammed VI urged the government to take “urgent action” to address social issues, in particular health and education in the north African country which has been hit by protests over employment and corruption.
Mohammed VI pointed to social support and social protection programs that “overlap each other, suffer from a lack of consistency and fail to effectively target eligible groups.”
After months of stalemate, the dossier was handed to the interior ministry at the beginning of the year and the final rounds of talks were held.
The social unrest began in October 2016 after the death of a fisherman and spiralled into a wave of protests demanding more development in the neglected Rif region and railing against corruption and unemployment.
Morocco is marked by glaring social and territorial inequalities, against a backdrop of high unemployment among young people. In 2018, it was ranked 123rd out of 189 countries and territories on the Human Development Index.