Key nominations for the 2018 Academy Awards

Nominations for the 2018 Oscars were announced on Tuesday. (File photo: Invision via AP)
Updated 23 January 2018
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Key nominations for the 2018 Academy Awards

LOS ANGELES: Nominations for the 2018 Oscars, or Academy Awards, the highest honors in the movie industry, were announced on Tuesday. The awards will be handed out on March 4 at a ceremony in Hollywood hosted by comedian Jimmy Kimmel.
Here are the complete nominations:
Best Picture
“Call Me by Your Name“
“Darkest Hour“
“Dunkirk“
“Get Out“
“Lady Bird“
“Phantom Thread“
“The Post“
“The Shape of Water“
“Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri“
Best Actor
Timothee Chalamet — “Call Me by Your Name“
Daniel Day-Lewis — “Phantom Thread”
Daniel Kaluuya — “Get Out“
Gary Oldman — “Darkest Hour“
Denzel Washington — “Roman J. Israel, Esq.”
Best Actress
Sally Hawkins — “The Shape of Water“
Frances McDormand — “Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri“
Meryl Streep — “The Post“
Margot Robbie — “I, Tonya“
Saoirse Ronan — “Lady Bird“
Best Director
Guillermo del Toro — “The Shape of Water“
Christopher Nolan — “Dunkirk“
Jordan Peele — “Get Out“
Greta Gerwig — “Lady Bird“
Paul Thomas Anderson — “Phantom Thread“
Best Supporting Actor
Willem Dafoe — “The Florida Project“
Richard Jenkins — “The Shape of Water“
Sam Rockwell — “Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri“
Christopher Plummer — “All the Money in the World“
Woody Harrelson — “Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri“
Best Supporting Actress
Mary J. Blige — “Mudbound“
Allison Janney — “I, Tonya“
Laurie Metcalf — “Lady Bird“
Octavia Spencer — “The Shape of Water“
Lesley Manville — “Phantom Thread“
Best Original Screenplay
“The Big Sick“
“Get Out“
“Lady Bird“
“The Shape of Water“
“Three Billboard Outside Ebbing, Missouri“
Best Adapted Screenplay
“Call Me By Your Name“
“The Disaster Artist“
“Logan“
“Molly’s Game“
“Mudbound“
Best Animated Film
“The Boss Baby“
“The Breadwinner“
“Coco” “Ferdinand“
“Loving Vincent”
Best Documentary Film
“Abacus: Small Enough to Jail“
“Faces Places“
“Icarus“
“Last Man in Aleppo“
“Strong Island“
Best Foreign Language Film
“A Fantastic Woman” — Chile
“The Insult” — Lebanon
“Loveless“ — Russia
“Our Body and Soul” — Hungary
“The Square” — Sweden
Original Song
“Mighty River,” — Mudbound
“Mystery of Love” — Call Me By Your Name
“Remember Me” — Coco
“Stand Up for Something” — Marshall
“This is Me” — The Greatest Showman


Unmapped roads raise risk to Southeast Asian rainforests — study

An aerial photo of a road running through an palm plantation in Dumai, Riau, Sumatra island, Indonesia. (Antara Foto/Rony Muharrman/via REUTERS/File)
Updated 27 May 2018
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Unmapped roads raise risk to Southeast Asian rainforests — study

  • Researcher Alice Hughes found that roads have penetrated areas previously considered untouched and unreachable by vehicles.
  • An average of 75 percent of roads in five countries were missing from OpenStreetMap (OSM), a mapping platform widely used by researchers and academics.

KUALA LUMPUR: Forests in parts of Southeast Asia face greater threats than previously thought because researchers often rely on data that ignores new roads, which are precursors to deforestation and development, a study shows.
The paper, published this month by the journal Biological Conservation, showed that an average of 75 percent of roads in five countries were missing from OpenStreetMap (OSM), a mapping platform widely used by researchers and academics.
“Large-scale forest clearance is preceded by the growth of road networks, which provide a stark warning for the region’s future,” the study said.
Author Alice Hughes, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing, studied a total of 277,281 square kilometers by analyzing satellite images and maps showing forest loss and coverage, as well as agriculture concessions.
She found that roads have penetrated areas previously considered untouched and unreachable by vehicles.
“We are deluding ourselves that we still have large tracts of inaccessible, pristine forest, when the reality is highly-fragmented, very accessible forests,” Hughs said on Friday.
Her research examined road networks in parts of Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.
“In some parts of the region, up to 99 percent of roads on those global maps, which are used as the basis for a huge amount of further analysis, are not included,” she told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
Deforestation and development of forests in the area studied have occurred at a rapid pace since 2000, said Hughes, while maps used by researchers do not regularly update their road data.
“Most of the time these roads are just providing access to forests and up to 99 percent of deforestation is within 2.5 km of road,” she said. “They are clearly the access method.”
She added that the region urgently needs better protection and enforcement for its remaining forests.
Indonesia, which is the world’s biggest palm oil producer, introduced a forest clearing moratorium in 2011 to help reduce deforestation.
Hughes said the ban should be expanded beyond just land designated as natural, untouched primary forest to include all high biodiversity forests.
Hughes’ research methodology should be used to determine whether the same patterns exist in other parts of the world, said Christopher Martius, team leader for climate change at the Indonesia-based Center for International Forestry Research.
“It is surprising that nobody ever did that before, and it is shocking that the result shows we grossly underestimated the possible threat to tropical forests from road building,” he said by email.