Afrin hospital fears Turkey offensive will lead to ‘tragedy’

A Syrian woman mourns during the funeral of civilians and military personnel killed during the Turkish offensive against Afrin, an enclave in northern Syria controlled by Kurdish militia, in the city of Afrin on Jan. 25, 2018. (AFP)
Updated 27 January 2018
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Afrin hospital fears Turkey offensive will lead to ‘tragedy’

AFRIN: Health workers in the northern Syrian town of Afrin fear that a Turkish offensive on the Kurdish-held enclave will lead to a humanitarian “tragedy” as medicines run short and the number of civilian casualties keeps rising.
“Medication and humanitarian aid necessary to help civilians will soon run out,” said Khalil Sabri Ahmed, head of the main hospital in Afrin which has received dozens of civilian casualties in the past week.
Turkey launched a major air and ground operation in northern Syria on January 20 in a bid to oust a US-allied militia, the Syrian Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) which it considers a terror group.
At Afrin’s main hospital, the mood is somber, even if Christmas decorations still adorn some walls, said a reporter who works with AFP and toured the facility.
A man, his head covered in bandages and with a black eye, flashed a V for victory sign, in an effort to put a brave face to his condition after sustaining injuries in a Turkish bombardment.
Nearby a small girl lay on a metal cot, with a cast on one foot and her arm hooked up to an intravenous drip.
Journalists tried to get her to tell her story on camera but she retreated into silence, her eyes filled with sadness and staring into empty space.
A patient wearing a thick sweater had dozed off and a nurse was taking the blood pressure of a white-haired, dour-looking elderly man.
The corridors were silent and everyone looked gloomy.
For the past week, villages and towns around Afrin on the Syrian-Turkish border have come under intense Turkish bombardment from the air and ground.
Dozens of civilians have been wounded and serious cases have been taken to Afrin’s main hospital.
“Civilians are those bearing the brunt,” said hospital manager Ahmed.
According to Britain-based monitor, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, at least 36 civilians have been killed since Turkey launched operation “Olive Branch.”
Health workers have set up “medical shelters” close to the border to provide first-aid to the wounded because hospitals and clinics in the area have also been hit, said Ahmed.
But there is growing fear among health officials that a sustained military campaign will spark a “humanitarian tragedy” for civilians in the Afrin region, as medication and supplies dwindle.
Afrin’s geographical location does not help.
Turkey holds the borders to the north and west of Afrin while Syrian pro-Ankara rebels control areas to the south and east.
There is only one road in and out of the hilly enclave, leading to Syrian second city Aleppo, and that is controlled by anti-government rebels.
“Our capacities are weak because of this siege and if the pressure increases it will be very difficult to hold out,” said Ahmed.
He urged international organizations to dispatch aid to Afrin and press for an end to Turkey’s “aggression.”
The head of the Kurdish Red Crescent, Nouri Sheikh Qanbar, echoed his plea saying: “We hope that international organizations will launch humanitarian initiatives to send us aid.”
And children are already paying a heavy price in Afrin, with at least 11 killed since the Turkish offensive began, said the UN children’s agency UNICEF in a statement.
“Violence is reported to be so intense that families are confined to the basements of their buildings. The majority of shops are closed and UNICEF-supported child protection services, including a child-friendly space and psychosocial support activities, had to be suspended,” it said.
“Wars have laws and these laws are being broken every single day in Syria,” said UNICEF.
The United Nations has said around 5,000 people have been displaced by the offensive.
Outside morgues in Afrin, relatives of civilians killed in the violence gather to mourn as bodies are laid out.
A man whose son was killed looked on with teary eyes, as a group of tearful women grieved for the loss of a relative. “Don’t cry, they are martyrs who have preceded us to heaven,” he said.


Russia ‘trying to help Syrian refugees to return home’

Russian soldiers distribute aid in the central Syrian province of Homs. (File/AFP)
Updated 17 August 2018
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Russia ‘trying to help Syrian refugees to return home’

  • A buffer zone separates Syria to the east, from the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights to the west
  • The Russian military police have set up four observation points along the demarcation line on the Syrian side of the buffer zone

MOSCOW: The Russian Defense Ministry said it was coordinating efforts to help Syrian refugees return home and rebuild the country’s infrastructure destroyed by the civil war.
Col. Gen. Mikhail Mizintsev said in a conference call that included Russian and Syrian officials that work is underway to rebuild dozens of Syria’s power stations, schools and other vital institutions.
In Damascus, Syrian Public Administration Minister Hussein Makhlouf pledged the regime would protect refugee property rights and grant returning refugees a year’s deferral from military conscription.
“The Syrian government is working to simplify procedures for refugees who return, repair housing and try to create new jobs,” Makhlouf said, adding that the authorities were also working to streamline legislation to facilitate refugee returns.
He dismissed as hostile “propaganda” claims that some refugees were facing arrests on their return.
Makhlouf called on Western nations to drop their sanctions against Damascus, introduced early in the seven-year conflict, in order to help post-war restoration and encourage the return of the refugees.
Mizintsev said that over 1.2 million of internally displaced Syrians and about 300,000 refugees have returned in the past two and a half years.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said Russian President Vladimir Putin might take part in a summit with the leaders of Turkey and Iran at the beginning of September.
The three leaders met in April at a summit in Ankara where they discussed developments in Syria.
With help from its Russian ally, President Bashar Assad’s regime has expelled fighters from large parts of Syria’s south since June.
Israel has repeatedly pledged to prevent Iran from establishing a military presence along its border. A series of airstrikes that killed Iranians inside Syria have been attributed to Israel.
A buffer zone separates Syria to the east, from the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights to the west.
The Russian army’s Lt.-Gen. Sergei Kuralenko told reporters on an organized press tour this week how “stability” had returned to the buffer zone.
Apart from “a few problems with Daesh” in its southern tip, the demilitarized zone was “entirely under control of Syrian military police,” Kuralenko said.
“Everything is ready” for the return of UN troops, he said, after the peacekeepers were forced to withdraw in 2014.
After retaking most of the two southern provinces adjacent to the buffer zone, regime forces last month raised their flag inside, above the key border crossing of Quneitra.
The Russian military police have set up four observation points along the demarcation line on the Syrian side of the buffer zone, Kuralenko said, and plan to set up four more in the near future.
They are “willing to hand them over to the UN if it says it is ready to ensure the monitoring of the Golan alone,” he said.