Taliban active in 70% of Afghanistan, study finds

An Afghan National Army soldier fires an artillery shell during an ongoing anti-Taliban operation at Farah province. (AFP)
Updated 31 January 2018
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Taliban active in 70% of Afghanistan, study finds

WASHINGTON: The Taliban are openly active in 70 percent of Afghanistan’s districts, fully controlling 4 percent of the country and demonstrating an open physical presence in another 66 percent, according to a BBC study published on Tuesday.
The BBC estimate, which it said was based on conversations with more than 1,200 individual sources in all districts of the South Asian country, was significantly higher than the most recent assessment by the NATO-led coalition.
The coalition said on Tuesday that the Taliban contested or controlled only 44 percent of Afghan districts as of October 2017.
Afghanistan has been reeling over the past nine days from a renewed spate of violence that is adding scrutiny to the latest, more aggressive US-backed strategy to bolster Afghan forces battling the Taliban in a 16-year-old war.
A bomb hidden in an ambulance struck the city center and killed more than 100 people, just over a week after an attack on the Hotel Intercontinental, also in Kabul, which left more than 20 people dead, including four US citizens.
The BBC counted 399 districts in Afghanistan, but the NATO-led force counted 407. The reason for the discrepancy was not immediately clear.
The BBC study said the Afghan government controlled 122 districts, or about 30 percent of the country. Still, it noted, that did not mean that they were free from Taliban attacks.
“Kabul and other major cities, for example, suffered major attacks — launched from adjacent areas, or by sleeper cells — during the research period, as well as before and after,” the report said.
Asked about the BBC’s study, the Pentagon did not comment directly, but pointed to the latest figures by the NATO-led coalition asserting that about 56 percent of Afghanistan’s territory was under Afghan government control or influence.
Captain Thomas Gresback, a spokesman for the coalition in Kabul, said the BBC estimate overstated the militants’ “influence impact.”
“This is a criminal network, not a government in waiting,” Gresback said in an emailed statement.
“What really matters is not the number of districts held, but population controlled. RS assesses that around 12 percent of the population is actually under full Taliban control,” he said, referring to the Resolute Support mission.
The study by Britain’s public broadcaster quoted a spokesman for Afghan President Ashraf Ghani playing down the findings.
The BBC study also said Daesh had a presence in 30 districts, but noted it did not fully control any of them.


Argentine submarine wreck found one year after disappearance

Undated and unlocated photo released by Noticias Argentinas of the ARA San Juan submarine, which wreckage was found on November 16, 2018, after being missing for a year. (AFP)
Updated 4 min 18 sec ago
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Argentine submarine wreck found one year after disappearance

  • The navy lost contact with the submarine on November 15, 2017, about 450 kilometers (280 miles) from the coast while it was traveling northward from Ushuaia, at Argentina’s southern tip

MAR DEL PLATA, Argentina: The crushed wreckage of an Argentine submarine has been located one year after it vanished into the depths of the Atlantic Ocean with 44 crew members, in the country’s worst naval disaster in decades.
There has been “positive identification of the ARA San Juan,” at a depth of more than 800 meters (2,600 feet), the navy tweeted, confirming the vessel had imploded.
Experts say raising the submarine would be an enormous undertaking costing a billion dollars or more. Defense Minister Oscar Aguad said Argentina had “no means” to do so.
Relatives of the dead sailors were seen hugging each other, holding their heads in despair and crying inconsolably.
The Seabed Constructor, a ship owned by US search firm Ocean Infinity, made the discovery Friday, one day after the first anniversary of the disappearance of the San Juan.
The ship had set out in September in the latest attempt to find the San Juan, whose disappearance cost the navy’s top officer his job.
The navy lost contact with the submarine on November 15, 2017, about 450 kilometers (280 miles) from the coast while it was traveling northward from Ushuaia, at Argentina’s southern tip.
Admiral Jose Villan, the navy’s new top commander, said that the rough terrain on the ocean floor made it difficult for search vessels, which had already trawled the site, to find the sub.
Pieces that were 11, 13 and 30 meters long were spotted in a “moon-like zone with craters and canyons,” said Navy Captain Enrique Balbi, adding that the hull had been “crushed inwards.”
Aguad met earlier with family members to show photos taken by an underwater robot. They showed a propeller, the sub’s bow with torpedo-launching tubes, and an upper section of the vessel lying on the ocean floor.
“We are all destroyed here,” said Yolanda Mendiola, the mother of crewman Leandro Cisneros, 28.

“I still had hopes that they could be alive,” Luis Niz, the father of a missing sailor, told reporters, even though President Mauricio Macri’s government had declared two weeks after the sub’s disappearance that there could be no survivors.
A small group of family members protested outside the naval base Saturday, holding a banner emblazoned with the number “44” — for the lost crew members.
Another banner declared, “44 Hearts of Steel — Never Forget!“
Lawyer Sonia Krescher questioned the timing of the sub’s discovery, saying it was “weird” coming after the one-year anniversary of its loss.
“We are going to ask them to refloat it,” she said. “We need to see the bodies and know what happened.”
Added Cecila Kaufmann, who lost her husband Luis Leiva, “Now that they’ve found it, they need to give us back our loved ones.”
The discovery came the day after a somber ceremony, attended by Macri, at the San Juan’s Mar del Plata base.
It also came just before the Seabed Constructor was to leave for maintenance in South Africa. Before setting off, the searchers decided to check an area which bad weather had previously prevented them from examining.

The Seabed Constructor, equipped with cameras that can submerge 6,000 meters below the surface, was set to receive a $7.5 million reward for finding the missing sub.
Ocean Infinity was also assigned the task of hunting for Malaysia Airlines flight MH370, which vanished without trace in March 2014 en route from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing.
Experts say the submarine would have been crushed by water pressure once it dropped below about 600 meters. They believe that water seeped inside through a defective snorkel valve, triggering the tragedy.
The San Juan’s loss was the first major tragedy to hit Argentina’s navy since the Falklands War against Britain in 1982.
Argentina’s navy has been criticized for its clumsy handling of the case since first reporting the San Juan — one of the country’s three submarines — was overdue at Mar del Plata on November 16, 2017.
It took naval officials days to acknowledge that the old, German-built submarine had reported a problem with its batteries in its final communication. And it took them 10 days to say there had been an explosion on board, which experts said was likely linked to the battery problem. An air and sea search involved 13 countries followed. Argentina has spent more than $25 million in its search operation.
Authorities have opened a criminal investigation. Families of the missing crew still want answers, but Saturday at least brought the biggest one.
“What I feel,” said Luis Tagliapietra, “is a mixture of immense sadness and the feeling of a battle won. “We found them.”