Rebuild Iraq or risk return of Daesh, warns US

US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson arrives to attend the Kuwait International Conference for Reconstruction of Iraq, in Kuwait City on February 13, 2018. (AFP)
Updated 13 February 2018
0

Rebuild Iraq or risk return of Daesh, warns US

KUWAIT CITY: Nations fighting Daesh must help rebuild Iraq after three years of war or risk the country sliding back into chaos, US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said on Tuesday.

He urged a meeting of major donors in Kuwait to unite and stay focused on defeating Daesh, which remains “a serious threat to the stability of the region, our homelands and other parts of the globe.”

His warning came amid escalating US-Turkish tensions over northern Syria, and a diplomatic standoff that has pitted Qatar against Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Bahrain and Egypt.

The war against Daesh must remain the priority even though major combat operations are over, Tillerson said.

Having helped with the fighting, countries across the region have a duty to help Iraq rebuild its shattered infrastructure, he added.

“We must continue to clear unexploded remnants of war left behind by Daesh, enable hospitals to reopen, restore water and electricity services, and get boys and girls back in school,” he said.

Representatives of at least 2,300 companies from 70 countries are attending the Kuwait International Conference for the Reconstruction of Iraq, which is due to end on Wednesday. It has been organized by Kuwait, Iraq and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

The task faced is enormous, with large parts of Iraq left in ruins by almost 15 years of war, dating back to the 2003 US-led invasion and subsequent occupation of the country.

In January 2014, an early incarnation of Daesh captured the city of Fallujah — the first major urban center in Iraq to fall into its hands.

Then in June that year it seized Mosul, followed by Ramadi in May 2015. At the same time, it governed large parts of Syria.

Last December, Iraqi Prime Minister Haider Abadi declared victory over Daesh in his country.

Speaking at the conference in Kuwait, he urged delegates to capitalize on this progress by helping Iraq get back on its feet.

“The return of those who were displaced requires our help to rebuild their homes,” he said. “Today, Iraq stands in rubble.”

But with violence escalating in neighboring Syria, donors have their work cut out. Tillerson said the US will spend $200 million on development projects in Syria, bringing its total contribution to the humanitarian effort there to almost $7.9 billion since the conflict began in 2011.

But with Turkish forces continuing to push into northern Syria to confront US-backed Kurdish militias, Damascus recently shooting down an Israeli warplane over Syrian territory, and Russia and Iran heavily involved in the war, the wider region remains highly volatile.

Tillerson called for an end to the long-running dispute between Saudi Arabia and Qatar, in which Riyadh accuses Doha of supporting extremists and being too close to Iran.


Warning to Turkish artists as singer is jailed for ‘insulting’ Erdogan

Updated 21 July 2019
0

Warning to Turkish artists as singer is jailed for ‘insulting’ Erdogan

  • Actress and singer Zuhal Olcay was charged with insulting Erdogan using hand gestures at a concert in Istanbul in 2016
  • Turkey’s appeals court has upheld an 11-month sentence, originally imposed last year but suspended

ANKARA: Accusations of insulting Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan may lead to a jail sentence — even if the “insult” is in private, analysts told Arab News on Saturday.

Turkey’s appeals court has upheld an 11-month sentence on actress and singer Zuhal Olcay, 61, after a complaint that she had changed lyrics of songs and used hand gestures to insult the president at a concert in Istanbul in 2016.

The revised lyrics said: “Recep Tayyip Erdogan, it’s all empty, it’s all a lie. Life will end one day and you’ll say ‘I had a dream’.” Olcay said she had changed the lyrics only because the president’s name fitted the rhyme.

The court confirmed a sentence originally imposed last year, which had been suspended. The singer is expected to spend up to three days in prison, before being released on probation.

“This case highlights the blurring of the public and private spheres.”

Louis Fishman Academic

“Zuhal Olcay is an artist with great stature, and this case shows that no one is out of reach of a judiciary that increasingly has little independence from the government,” Louis Fishman, an assistant professor at City University of New York, told Arab News.

“The message is clear; artists in Turkey should be silent or face legal consequences that can be drawn out for years and eventually lead to prison,” said Fishman, an expert on Turkey.

He said it was significant that the hand gesture at the center of the case had happened at a private concert, and the prosecution began only after it was reported to police by someone in the audience.

“Therefore, this case also highlights the blurring of the public and private spheres,” he said. 

“In other words, there is a growing fear in Turkey of criticizing, or ‘defaming’ Erdogan, not only in public, but also in private. In both cases, vigilant citizens can report such alleged cases to the police.”