Damac profits take a tumble in 2017 as cost of sales rises

Damac, the developer behind a Trump International golf course development in Dubai, has reported a sharp decline in profits. (REUTERS)
Updated 14 February 2018
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Damac profits take a tumble in 2017 as cost of sales rises

LONDON: Dubai developer Damac Properties recorded a 25 percent drop in profit last year amid a regional real estate slump.
The real-estate company behind the Trump International Golf Club in Dubai suffered from the rising cost of sales and a decline in margin for international projects following a tricky period for the sector.
In a statement published on the Dubai Financial Market website, the company said full-year net profit fell from 3.69 billion dirhams ($1 billion) in 2016 to 2.76 billion dirhams last year. However revenues rose by 4 percent during the same period, from7.16 billion dirhams to 7.45 billion dirhams.
The report follows a turbulent year for the Dubai property market, with a drop in demand dampening prices amid increased supply as a series of new developments came onto the market.
But the developer remains upbeat, reporting a rise in booked sales, which stood at 7.5 billion dirhams at the end of December compared to 7 billion dirhams in the previous year.
“Dubai’s property market continues to show growth as increasing demand returns to the market, and this is reflected in our booked sales. Our medium to long-term outlook remains positive, with continued local demand as well and stronger interest by international investors,” said Hussain Sajwani, chairman of Damac Properties.
He added that the emirate’s property sector was “feeling the positive effects of the emirate’s appeal and growing sophistication on the world stage. This is evident from the growing real estate sales transactions at Dubai Land Department and we are confident of the growth prospects for the sector going forward.”
So far this year, Damac has delivered 2,304 units, taking its total to 20,236 units to date. Recent completions include new units in Damac Hills, a luxury residential community in Dubai built around the Trump International Golf Club.
Construction is underway on more than 6,500 units at AKOYA Oxygen, a tree-filled community living space designed to promote living in harmony with nature. The development includes The Rainforest at AKOYA Oxygen.
The company also delivered units at new developments abroad, including its two-tower project in Saudi Arabia Damac Esclusiva and The Heights in Jordan.
Damac continued to expand its interests locally and overseas in 2017, activating 226 new brokers and conducting 524 roadshows across 42 countries.
“Our major projects in Dubai including DAMAC Hills, AKOYA Oxygen and AYKON City continue to appeal to expats and international investors alike, while our diverse product portfolio continues to attract a wide variety of buyers for our off-plan and ready properties,” Sajwani said.


Nestle streamlines R&D to speed up product innovation

Updated 37 min 49 sec ago
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Nestle streamlines R&D to speed up product innovation

LONDON: Food giant Nestle plans to combine its scientific research operations into a single unit in an attempt to speed up development of new products at a time when competition from smaller rivals is intensifying.
The world’s biggest packaged food maker, with brands including Nescafe coffee and Perrier water, has been struggling with slowing sales growth for years. Now it is also under pressure from activist shareholder Daniel Loeb to increase investor returns.
To better compete, the Swiss company told Reuters it would merge its Nestle Research Center and Nestle Institute of Health Sciences (NIHS) into one organization called Nestle Research.
The new entity, to be announced later on Thursday, will continue to be based in Lausanne, Switzerland and will employ around 800 people.
The reorganization, effective July 1, will not involve job cuts or the closure of facilities, a spokesman said.
By linking the “blue-sky” research done at NIHS with the more commercially focused Research Center, it hopes to accelerate the translation of scientific discoveries into marketable products.
It also hopes this will help it compete with smaller, nimbler rivals who have been eating away at the market share of Nestle and other big firms like Danone, Unilever, Kraft Heinz and Kellogg.
Nestle Chief Technology Officer Stefan Palzer acknowledged earlier this month that his company had to keep pace with rising demand for goods that are organic, gluten-free or vegan.
“Big trends are embraced by smaller companies a bit more actively than the big companies,” Palzer told Reuters before Nestle’s streamlining plans had been finalized.
“We are adjusting our portfolio, doing many innovations and renovations to make the portfolio more relevant and to address those trends, but smaller companies are more agile.”
In the US — the world’s biggest packaged food market — small challenger brands could account for 15 percent of a $464 billion sector in a decade’s time, up from about 5 percent last year, Bernstein Research predicted last year.
The combination of research units is the latest move by Palzer aimed at speeding up development and ensuring research efforts are commercially viable.
Palzer, who took over Nestle’s innovation and research and development operations in January, is also supplementing long-term research projects with incremental product launches made faster by experimenting with new ideas more quickly.
Last month, for example, Palzer and colleagues got the idea for a vegetarian or vegan food product while on a business trip.
“Thursday we had an idea, Friday we returned to Switzerland and Monday evening I was able to taste the first prototype,” Palzer said. “Wednesday, this prototype was shown to the executive board, and Friday it was in the global pipeline.”
He declined to give more details of the product, except to say it is currently being assessed by the operations team to see how long it will take to produce and on what machinery.
Other steps include efforts to apply specific developments to more products, such as Nestle’s recent designer sugar crystals launched in low-sugar Milkybars in March, which will go into other products in the future.
The importance of agility was underlined by Nestle’s recent struggle to capitalize on resurgent demand for frozen foods.
The company says it reformulates one third of its product portfolio every year.
Nestle spent 1.72 billion Swiss francs ($1.73 billion) on R&D last year, down slightly from 2016 but up 22 percent from 2012. The company’s sales fell 2.6 percent over the same period.
As a percentage of sales, its expenditure has fluctuated only a little, but demands on the unit have increased.
Wells Fargo analyst John Baumgartner said that across 10 large publicly traded US food companies, median expenses for R&D and advertising have declined 20 percent over the past five years.
“As voids of ideas and marketing have emerged, start-ups have been more responsive to consumer needs, won the culture and created the emotional connections that drive sales,” he said in a recent note.
Palzer said some industry peers had been outsourcing innovation to cut costs, relying on acquisitions of small brands or partnerships with suppliers.
But he said it was critical for Nestle to maintain scientific expertise in-house to keep its own portfolio fresh and to be an attractive partner for collaboration with others. Nestle does R&D around the world, involving around 5,000 people.
Fundamental scientific research will remain key at Nestle, Palzer said, but he also highlighted the value of external partnerships and acquisitions that can bring in new research or capabilities more easily.
Scientific research and innovation itself is not necessarily the reason why big breakthroughs tend to be rare for multinational companies, said Shaun Browne, investment banker at Houlihan Lokey, who advises food companies on deals.
“They often don’t have the patience or passion that is really required,” Browne said. “Often these things are one individual who is just totally determined and passionate about their product and sees it through.”