White House accuses Russia of killing civilians in Syria

A wounded Syrian child receives treatment at a make-shift hospital in Douma following Syrian government bombardments on the besieged rebel-held enclave of Eastern Ghouta on March 4, 2018. (AFP)
Updated 05 March 2018

White House accuses Russia of killing civilians in Syria

WASHINGTON: The United States on Sunday made its strongest accusation to date of Moscow’s complicity in civilian deaths in Syria, saying Russian aircraft flew bombing missions over the besieged eastern Ghouta region in defiance of a United Nations cease-fire.
The White House said Russian military aircraft took off from Humaymim Airfield in Syria and carried out at least 20 daily bombing missions in Damascus and eastern Ghouta between Feb. 24 and Feb. 28.
It did not say whether the jets dropped ordnance, which could be harder to determine than tracking the flight paths of Russian aircraft on US radar. But the United States directly accused Russia of killing civilians.
“Russia has gone on to ignore (a UN cease-fire’s) terms and to kill innocent civilians under the false auspices of counter-terrorism operations,” the White House said in a statement.
Syrian President Bashar Assad vowed on Sunday to continue the offensive in eastern Ghouta, one of the deadliest in the war. A local insurgent group called it a “scorched earth” campaign.
With the war entering its eighth year, capturing eastern Ghouta would be a major victory for Assad, who has steadily regained control of rebel areas with Russian and Iranian support.
Government shelling and air strikes have killed 659 people in eastern Ghouta since Feb. 18, while rebel shelling of Damascus has killed 27, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights said on Friday that Syrian government air strikes on eastern Ghouta and shelling from the rebel-held zone into Damascus probably constitute war crimes.
The White House called on pro-Assad forces to “immediately cease targeting medical infrastructure and civilians.”
In a separate statement later on Sunday, the White House said President Donald Trump and Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi “discussed Russia and Iran’s irresponsible support of the Assad regime’s brutal attacks against innocent civilians.”
“President Trump and President El-Sisi agreed to work together on ending the humanitarian crisis in Syria and achieving Arab unity and security in the region,” the White House statement said.
Russia and Damascus have accused rebels of preventing civilians from leaving eastern Ghouta during daily cease-fires. Rebels have consistently denied the accusation and say people will not leave because they fear the government.
The multi-sided war has killed hundreds of thousands of people since 2011.

With Damascus secure, Syrians in the city enjoy a bomb-free Eid

A crowded market in Shaalan, Damascus. (Photo by Eman Tello)
Updated 18 June 2018

With Damascus secure, Syrians in the city enjoy a bomb-free Eid

  • For the first Eid Al-Fitr, since the war started, many Damascus residents are celebrating with a sense of relief
  • And while Damascus may enjoy a relatively safe Eid this year, violence continues in other parts of the country, such as Afrin and Idlib

DAMASCUS: Leen, a young Syrian mother, hasn’t been to Damascus since 2015. After the war started seven years ago, her husband has dissuaded the 27-year-old from visiting the Syrian capital from Bahrain, where they live.

This year, however things are different. For the first Eid Al-Fitr, since the war started, many Damascus residents are celebrating with a sense of relief, unencumbered by the threat of rebel and extremist groups launching mortar attacks on the city.

“I am so thrilled to finally be able to spend a safe holiday in my hometown and introduce my little daughter to the family,” Leen told Arab News.

On May 21, the Syrian army announced that the capital  and its surroundings were fully secure for the first time since 2011 after it cleared Daesh’s last strongholds south of the capital.

Even though central Damascus was relatively untouched by the violence, the capital been the target of missile attacks, mortar shells and vehicle explosions and the threat usually escalated during the holidays.

The areas captured in May included the Yarmouk Palestinian refugee camp in southern Damascus, which was the site of an intense barrel-bombing campaign by the regime of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad in the early years of the conflict.

And while Damascus may enjoy a relatively safe Eid this year, violence continues in other parts of the country, such as Afrin, which is under Turkish control, Idlib, and south-western Syria.

“On the first day of Eid Al-Fitr last year, while my friends and I were having lunch in Al-Qaymariyah— an ancient neighborhood in the Old City, we heard the whistles of missiles that then exploded nearby,” Zaid, a 28-year-old pharmacist, said. “Our families must have heard there were missiles, so all our phones started ringing and we were forced to request the bill and go straight home.

“I am very delighted nothing of the kind is likely to happen this Eid and I plan on going to Bab Tuma (an ancient city gate to Old Damascus), which was almost a daily target for the rebels’ missile attacks.”

Even children are feeling a difference this year. Fadia, 13, and her 8-year-old brother, Taym, wanted to spend the Eid playing outside.

“Mama never allowed us to go to amusement parks during Eid,” Fadia explained, “We only played inside at the mall or at home, where shells most likely cannot reach us.”

Nermeen Al-Kurdi, an agricultural engineering student who has been volunteering to help displaced families in Adra northeast of Damascus, said she could not go out ahead of the holiday because the streets were crowded with people and traffic.

“This is Damascus’s first safe holiday in years and everyone wants to go out,” she said. “Volunteer groups in Adra have put up slides and swings for the children of displaced families to enjoy Eid Al-Fitr after the war has deprived them of a normal childhood.”

But for many other Syrians, the suffering and horror of the conflict continued. Sandara Al-Moussa, an architecture student at Damascus University, believes this holiday won’t be any different for many families.

“Even though the last chapter of war in Damascus has been closed, many families won’t be able to enjoy this Eid because the war has deprived them of their loved ones and of happiness,” she said.

“The joy of Eid shines from within,” she said. “When a person is content knowing his family and loved ones are safe, they definitely will enjoy a blissful Eid.”

She pointed out that the Eid all Syrians await is the day the war ends in the country.

Eid was also a time to remember that millions of Syrians remain displaced, many of whom are seeking asylum in other countries. 

In 2016, the UN identified 13.5 million Syrians requiring humanitarian assistance, more than 6 million of whom are internally displaced while almost 5 million are refugees outside the country. The war has killed more than 400,000 people, according to the last UN estimate in 2016 before the body said it was impossible to continue counting.

In March 2018, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, reported that more than 353,900 people,including 106,000 civilians, have died since the war erupted in March 2011.