Saudi Aramco signs preliminary gas deal with Shell

Saudi Aramco has signed a preliminary deal to pursue international gas opportunities with Royal Dutch Shell. (Reuters)
Updated 08 March 2018
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Saudi Aramco signs preliminary gas deal with Shell

LONDON/DUBAI: State oil giant Saudi Aramco signed a preliminary deal to pursue international gas opportunities with Royal Dutch Shell on Thursday as part of top crude exporter Saudi Arabia’s diversification drive before the listing of Aramco.
The memorandum of understanding (MoU) signed in London between the two companies was during the official visit of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman to Britain, and would include gas upstream and liquefaction projects.
“It is a discussion that began some time ago and now we have signed a memorandum to work on gas projects from upstream to downstream across the world and in Saudi Arabia. Concrete projects would be announced in due course,” Shell Chief Executive Ben van Beurden told Reuters after the signing ceremony.
Last year, industry sources told Reuters Saudi Arabia and international oil companies had discussed gas venture opportunities inside the Kingdom and abroad.
Aramco is gearing up for a share listing later this year, aiming to get a valuation of up to $2 trillion in what could be the world’s biggest initial public offering (IPO).
The Kingdom has a long-term goal of increasing the use of gas for domestic power generation, thus reducing oil burning at home and freeing up more crude for export.
Expanding its gas portfolio inside the Kingdom as well as abroad could help increase Aramco’s valuation as it generates more revenue from exports than selling oil at lower domestic prices — Saudi Arabia is the world’s fifth-biggest oil consumer despite being only the 20th-biggest economy.
Saudi Energy Minister Khalid Al-Falih, who is also Aramco’s chairman, had said Aramco was interested in investing in international upstream ventures, particularly gas, and could invest in importing gas into the kingdom.
Diversifying gas assets abroad would help Aramco achieve a better valuation and is attractive for investors, industry sources has said. Riyadh also plans to raise domestic gas prices, a move seen as an incentive for foreign companies.
Aramco controls gas reserves in excess of 8 trillion cubic meters, according to BP’s annual energy review. The Saudi company has said it wants to explore for gas in the shallow waters of the Red Sea as well as onshore shale gas.


Rising oil prices haven’t hurt the US economy so far as economy grows at its fastest rate in nearly four years

Updated 22 September 2018
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Rising oil prices haven’t hurt the US economy so far as economy grows at its fastest rate in nearly four years

  • US economy grew at its fastest rate in nearly four years during the April-through-June quarter.
  • Oil prices have been up roughly 40 percent in the past year. On Friday, benchmark US crude was trading around $71 a barrel, and the international standard, Brent, was closing in on $80.

DALLAS: The US’s rediscovered prowess in oil production is shaking up old notions about the impact of higher crude prices on the country’s economy.
It has long been conventional wisdom that rising oil prices hurt the economy by forcing consumers to spend more on gasoline and heating their homes, leaving less for other things.
Presumably that kind of run-up would slow the US economy. Instead, the economy grew at its fastest rate in nearly four years during the April-through-June quarter.
Despite this, President Donald Trump appears plainly worried about rising oil prices just a few weeks before midterm elections that will decide which party controls the House and Senate.
“We protect the countries of the Middle East, they would not be safe for very long without us, and yet they continue to push for higher and higher oil prices!” Trump tweeted on Thursday. “We will remember. The OPEC monopoly must get prices down now!“
Members of OPEC, who account for about one-third of global oil supplies, are scheduled to meet this weekend with non-members including Russia.
The gathering is not expected to yield any big decisions — those typically come at major OPEC meetings such as the one set for December. Oil markets, however, were roiled on Friday by a report that attendees were considering a significant increase in production to offset declining output from Iran, where exports have fallen ahead of Trump’s reimposition of sanctions.
OPEC and Russia have capped production since January 2017 to bolster prices. Output fell even below those targets this year, and in June the same countries agreed to boost the oil supply, although they didn’t give numbers.
Oil prices have been up roughly 40 percent in the past year. On Friday, benchmark US crude was trading around $71 a barrel, and the international standard, Brent, was closing in on $80.
The national average price for gasoline stood at $2.85 per gallon, up 10 percent from a year ago, according to auto club AAA. That increase likely would be greater were it not for a slump in gasoline demand that is typical for this time of year, when summer vacations are over.
The US still imports about six million barrels of oil a day on average, but that is down from more than 10 million a decade ago. In the same period, US production has doubled to more than 10 million barrels a day, according to government figures.
“Because the US now is producing so much more than it used to, (the rise in oil prices) is not as big an impact as it would have been 20 years ago or 10 years ago,” said Michael Maher, an energy researcher at Rice University and a former Exxon Mobil economist.
The weakening link between oil and the overall economy was seen — in reverse — just three years ago. Then, plunging oil prices were expected to boost the economy by leaving more money in consumers’ pocket, yet GDP growth slowed at the same time that lower oil prices took hold during 2015.
Other economists caution against minimizing the disruption caused by energy prices.
“Higher oil prices are unambiguously bad for the US economy,” said Philip Verleger, an economist who has studied energy markets. “They force consumers to divert their income from spending on other items to spending on fuels.”
Since energy amounts to only about 3 percent of consumer spending, a cutback in that other 97 percent “causes losses for those who sell autos, restaurants, airlines, resorts and all parts of the economy,” Verleger said.
The federal Energy Information Administration said this month that the US likely reclaimed the title of world’s biggest oil producer earlier this year by surpassing the output of Saudi Arabia in February and Russia over the summer. If the agency’s estimates are correct, it would mark the first time since 1973 that the US has led the oil-pumping pack.