Five ways to be a more responsible traveler
Five ways to be a more responsible traveler
A globalized world — with greater opportunities and access — has made it possible to travel to exotic and far-flung locations. According to a report by the UN, there are expected to be 1.8 billion international travelers by 2030. With the rate of increase averaging 3.3 percent, it is estimated that 43 million international tourists will join the marketplace every year.
In Saudi Arabia, the government is seeking to increase the number of visitors to 31.5 million by 2027 with the help of ambitious tourism projects that will see the easing of visa procedures and the opening of historical and heritage sites to visitors.
But, in the quest for the perfect selfie against the backdrop of Angkor Wat or the Northern Lights, how can we ensure that tourist sites remain protected for the future? Now that 2017 — the UN’s International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development — is over, the conversation around sustainable and responsible tourism persists. And the problems only seem to be getting bigger and more alarming.
Sustainable and responsible tourism aims to retain the economic and social benefits of tourism, while lessening its destructive social, cultural and environmental effects. Some examples of sustainable tourism are: Generating income and jobs for locals, and the conservation of ecosystems. Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030 aim of generating 1.2 million jobs in the tourism sector, while preserving and increasing the number of heritage sites registered with UNESCO, are other examples of sustainable tourism.
Johanna Read, the Canadian writer and responsible tourism consultant behind traveleater.net, defines the idea as travel that protects destinations’ cultures, economies and environments. She believes that the word “responsible” helps us remember that each one of us has a part to play in making sure tourism helps, rather than harms, local communities. “Tourism that benefits the local community is essential for a tourism industry to be sustainable over the long-term. If local people are made worse off by tourism, in time they will no longer be welcoming of tourists,” she says.
“Consequently, the destination and industry will suffer. Crime can rise or residents will move away and the destination experience can become unauthentic — without the unique character that attracted tourists in the first place,” Read adds. And how many tourist destinations can we cite where high crime rates, unauthentic experiences or even too much commercialization hampers the travel experience?
Carol Patterson, a three-time winner of the Travel Media Association of Canada’s Best Environmental/Responsible Tourism Feature and a Fellow of the Royal Canadian Geographical Society, opines that making sustainable travel choices can be overwhelming for people just learning about the concept. She suggests they start by booking tours or accommodation with small businesses where possible. “Often these businesses are very connected to local communities and know how to protect the environment and make life better for locals,” she says.
Patterson and other travel experts who raise awareness of responsible tourism have shared five tips with Arab News readers to ensure their travel choices do not cause harm to the host country.
1. Go local: Mariellen Ward, who publishes the award-winning travel site breathedreamgo.com, advocates staying in locally-owned and operated guest houses or homestays, and eating at local restaurants. “I also try and spend my money so that locals benefit — not multinational corporations,” she says.
2. Cultural immersion: Ward states that responsible tourism is about getting to know a new culture with an open mind and heart. “I travel and write primarily about India. I try to really get to know where the locals shop, eat and pray,” she says. Read, meanwhile, tries to blend in as much as possible by learning simple etiquette and local customs, advising: “Learn to say ‘hello’, ‘thank you’ and ‘it’s delicious’ in the local language.” Engaging and communicating with locals is always well-received and demonstrates an appreciation for their culture.
3. Pay fair prices: Buying from a fair-trade market or a cooperative ensures that you are buying goods that are home-grown or made by local craftsmen. Avoid aggressive haggling or bargaining, rather consider paying a fair price for their products and services that is aligned with market prices.
4. Discourage unethical practices: Using monkeys, snakes and elephants for tourist entertainment is an irresponsible practice, yet it sustains the livelihood of locals. Instead, visiting a wildlife park or sanctuary to see them in their natural habitat might be a better option. Discourage any practice where entrapped animals are used for entertainment and spend your money in a more ethical way. “When it comes to wildlife tourism, I try to make choices that will not negatively impact animals. For example, I won’t ride an elephant or patronize any place that is involved in cruelty to animals,” Ward says.
5. Be respectful of the destination: At the very least, you can be respectful of the destination by not littering, trashing or vandalizing public or heritage sites. “Being mindful of the culture can be something as simple as dressing respectfully in the country that you are visiting,” Read says. “Always keep in mind that you are a guest, respect them and their country. Always ask before you take a photo of someone, don’t complain about the dirtiness, or comment on how cheap everything is.”
Head for heights: Jeddah teacher conquers Mount Kilimanjaro
- Khulood Al-Fadhli tells Arab News about the physical battle she won to ascend Africa’s highest peak
- As soon as I reached Uhuru peak, all the exhaustion went away, remembers Al-Fadhli
JEDDAH: A 36-year-old Saudi-based Green Leaves Playgroup principal went on an extreme adventure in August by climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. It was the first on her seven summits list.
Khulood Al-Fadhli said she had a love for adventures ever since she was a child.
“My father instilled a love for adventure in me. I remember 10-15 years ago, when Eid vacations were extremely cold, we used to camp in Asfan for two nights and climb Al-Qamar mountain, and I enjoyed climbing that mountain. So, climbing mountains was something within me since childhood,” she told Arab News.
“Fast-forward to who I am now, I still love it. I go to that area in Asfan, and sometimes I take my kids there and tell them, ‘This was my Eid’,” she added.
She halted these activities for a while. “At the beginning of my married life, I turned away from these adventures for a while. I was only focusing on raising my kids and my career, until this happened. I found a group that organizes these trips to Kilimanjaro, then I read about Mount Kilimanjaro and the process of climbing it. Climbing up takes you five days, descending the mountain takes you two.”
Al-Fadhli said It’s not about the peak, it’s about the journey itself. “I was really amazed when I read the things that happen within the journey.”
She explained that the effects of high altitudes could strike at any moment during the climb and can be life-threatening in certain cases. “It’s not about being mentally or physically fit. There’s a chance of getting altitude sickness, and I always say this altitude has a very bad attitude! Because high altitudes can cause one to feel nauseous or have a headache and dizziness. Sometimes the extreme ones are life-threatening; water fills in your lungs, or your brain. If any of these happen, you should immediately descend because it’s very dangerous. Alhamdulillah, nothing like that happened during my trip.”
She experienced severe headaches during her adventure. “The problem I suffered was on day two: I had an extreme headache. I was the only one who had this headache.
“Then on the third day, I had the headache again, alone. I was asking the guide ‘Will I have these excessive headaches every day and will I be the only one having them?’ He said, ‘This is just the altitude.’ That comforted me. I took some painkillers and it went away.
“The fourth day the headache came. The fifth day, which is the summit day, the push of the summit, I did not experience any headache.”
The summit day was an eight-hour climb that started at midnight.
“We woke up at 11 p.m., had our dinner then started our trek, climbing up at 12 a.m. They told us from 5 p.m. to relax and try to sleep as much as possible because at 11 you have to wake up.”
“Imagine me knowing that I am going to the summit at 11, and it was 5 p.m. and I was in my tent. I couldn’t even close my eyes, I was really excited.
“I was afraid of a headache, afraid that it would become severe at the summit. because they say it’s the altitude. The summit is around 6,000 meters high. I was so excited I couldn’t sleep.
“It was 11, my phone rang. It was time to start packing our backpacks. My Panadol Extra was in my pocket, ready for my severe headache. I’d just have to reach into my pocket.”
The members of the group must proceed with extreme caution, she explained. “We started our day at midnight, but a lot of people were with us, so many different groups from so many different places, and on your way up to the summit, you don’t see anything. It’s just you, the mountain and the stars and the headband flashlights of the people you’re with.
“And you see the flashlight from the ground all the way to the summit. It was a really lovely route. You can’t see the summit because it’s dark. You don’t know if you are heading for a cliff because of the darkness, which is why you have to use your flashlight — focus on your steps and the person in front of you.”
Her group consisted of seven people, but the number decreased.
“We reached a point where one of the men in my group suddenly sat down and had to hold his head. I remember how he looked, and I was really worried about him. He wasn’t like this on day one. The guide said, ‘Well, it looks like a severe altitude sickness that affected him.’ He stayed with him and had a talk. When someone stays and delays the others, one guide stays with him. Either we all wait and stay, or we move and one guide stays with that person.
“The guide asked him if he was OK, but he felt dizzy and couldn’t continue. He said, ‘I’m going to descend.’ Then the guide informed us that the man was descending, and I was shocked. The strongest one among us pulled out.
“Two hours later, a lady felt dizzy. Her husband supported her and encouraged her to continue, and the guide also spoke to her. I was looking at them negotiating from far away. Five minutes later, they also pulled out. From the seven, three had pulled out, and only four were left.
“One of the girls got really tired. She stopped and said she wanted to take a rest for 20 minutes and didn’t want anyone to wait for her. The guide told me she wanted to relax and take baby steps and she would like to have excessive stops for 20 minutes so no one should wait for her. She could stay with a porter. Someone was with her.
“I couldn’t know anything about her, so we were only three. Me, my brother and a lady. One hour later — which was three hours away from the summit — the lady said there was something wrong with her heart. It was beating irregularly.
“Five minutes later, the guide came to me and said she had pulled out. And it was only me and my brother. And that’s when I asked, ‘Bader, do you think we can make it?’ Everyone had pulled out. It was really scary.
“Imagine, you’re a group of seven going up together, and one after another pulls out. I felt like I was in a horror movie. And above all, it was at night.”
Al-Fadhli witnessed a breathtaking view. “At 4:35 a.m., I started to see the sunrise between the huge cliffs. I saw the sunrise while I was going up, and was completely overwhelmed at the beauty of the site. I was trekking and I looked to my right and there it was, the sunrise and the mountains. The feeling was overwhelming,”
She experienced physical exhaustion, but pushed through and succeeded. “When we reached Stella point, which was one hour from the summit, there was a sign that said, ‘Congratulations, you reached Stella point.’
“Uhuru peak is the top, and Uhuru means freedom. So many people reach Stella point then become really exhausted from the seven-hour walk, ascending in the middle of the night in the cold. Most of the people, like me, hadn’t slept.
“Imagine from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m. and I’m still awake. I reached Stella point exhausted. I told my brother and my guide I wanted to relax at Stella point. Let me think if I can actually make it to the top because I couldn’t even bend my toes. And I was anticipating the walk I still had ahead.
“I sat down and started to fall asleep. The guide woke me up, telling me we still had one more hour. I started to break down a little. The guide was very clever. He asked us all some questions because people tend to hallucinate at this point. So he asked some questions, making sure everything was fine — that I was just exhausted and tired and wanted to sleep, which was normal for a human body awake for more than 24 hours, trekking in the middle of the night in cold weather. And on that day, I did not have any headaches.
“My brother was my support. He encouraged me when I thought I had reached my limit at Stella Point.”
When Al-Fadhli made it to the top, she and her brother raised the Yemeni and the Saudi flags.
“My motivation was to raise both flags: My Yemeni flag as I’m from Yemen, along with the Saudi flag. I’m really proud of my roots, and I’m really honored to be living in Saudi Arabia. I was born and raised here and I consider myself Saudi. I’m telling everyone I’m from both countries. I’m very happy that I’m rooted in both.”
She successfully completed her adventure in good health. “As soon as I reached Uhuru peak, all the exhaustion went away. I reached the top in full health with no pains whatsoever.”
Al-Fadhli’s goal is to climb the seven summits before she turns 40.