UN calls for Turkey to end state of emergency, halt violations

A photo taken on March 19, 2018 shows a general view of the damage in the Syrian Kurdish city of Afrin a day after Turkish-led forces entered the city. (AFP)
Updated 21 March 2018
0

UN calls for Turkey to end state of emergency, halt violations

GENEVA: The United Nations called on Turkey on Tuesday to end its 20-month-old state of emergency and accused Ankara of mass arrests, arbitrary sackings and other abuses that in some cases amounted to “collective punishment.”
Turkey’s Foreign Ministry said the report was filled with unfounded allegations and compared the criticism with propaganda announcements from militant groups.
The UN human rights office said Turkey had arrested 160,000 people and dismissed nearly the same number of civil servants since a failed coup in July 2016.
The crackdown was having a “chilling effect” on Turkish society by showing that any dissent will be punished, the UN added.
The state of emergency, declared by President Tayyip Erdogan after the coup bid and still in force, has been used to justify the torture of detainees and interference with the judiciary, the UN human rights office said.
Turkey should “promptly end the state of emergency and restore the normal functioning of institutions and the rule of law,” the UN report said.
The Foreign Ministry in Ankara said the report showed prejudice against Turkey and ignored “the severe and multiple terrorist threats” it was facing.
The report “contains unfounded allegations matching up perfectly with the propaganda efforts of terrorist organizations,” the ministry added.
The Turkish government blames the network of Fethullah Gulen, a US-based Muslim cleric, for the failed coup attempt during which 250 people were killed. Gulen has denied any involvement.
Zeid Ra’ad Al-Hussein, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, said the numbers of people arrested or dismissed are “just staggering.”
Nearly 160,000 people have been arrested and 152,000 civil servants sacked, “many totally arbitrarily,” in the 18 months through to December 2017, he said in a statement.
“Teachers, judges and lawyers dismissed or prosecuted; journalists arrested, media outlets shut down and websites blocked — clearly the successive states of emergency declared in Turkey have been used to severely and arbitrarily curtail the human rights of a very large number of people,” Zeid said.
The report, based on 104 interviews, describes the use of torture and ill-treatment in custody, including severe beatings, sexual assault, electric shocks and waterboarding by police, gendarmerie, military police and security forces.
“We have taken into account the fact that Turkey is combating a large number of terrorist attacks,” UN human rights spokeswoman Ravina Shamdasani told a news briefing.
She said victims included at least 50 women detained just before or after having given birth, some separated from their babies. One woman had been shackled by her legs immediately after a miscarriage, she added.
“We have reports that people were detained and ill-treated without charge by anti-terror police units and security forces at places like sports centers and hospitals, as well as detention facilities,” she added.
Shamdasani, asked whether the violations constitute collective punishment — illegal under international law — replied: “There clearly are instances where people are being collectively punished.”


Hamas backs new Egyptian bid for Palestinian unity

Head of the Hamas political bureau, Ismail Haniyeh. (AP)
Updated 6 min 4 sec ago
0

Hamas backs new Egyptian bid for Palestinian unity

  • Hamas won 2006 parliamentary elections but Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas’s Fatah and much of the international community refused to accept the result
  • A previous Egyptian-brokered deal, signed by Hamas and Fatah in October 2017, collapsed on implementation

GAZA: The head of Gaza’s rulers Hamas has announced his backing for a new Egyptian-led push for reconciliation with the rival Palestinian faction Fatah.
The office of Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh said he had spoken with Egypt’s intelligence head Abbas Kamel to inform him of his movement’s backing for a fresh Egyptian-brokered push.
A statement from the movement said the two men discussed the “latest developments in the Palestinian issue and especially the reconciliation file and humanitarian projects for the people of the Gaza Strip.”
Haniyeh’s deputy Saleh Al-Arouri led a delegation to Cairo last week. So far Fatah has not officially responded to this fresh push for reconciliation.
A previous Egyptian-brokered deal, signed by Hamas and Fatah in October 2017, collapsed on implementation.
In March, the head of the Fatah-dominated West Bank government survived a roadside bomb hitting his convoy in a rare visit to Gaza, with his allies later accusing Hamas of planning the attack. It was hoped that reconciliation could alleviate humanitarian suffering in Gaza, home to some two million people.
The US has signaled its support for a fresh reconciliation push, but diplomats have little optimism.
Hamas won 2006 parliamentary elections but Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas’s Fatah and much of the international community refused to accept the result, leading to increased strife.
A year later, Hamas violently seized control of Gaza. Since then two separate Palestinian civil administrations emerged.