Tadawul has contingency plans to handle full Saudi Aramco IPO

Khalid Al-Hussan, CEO of the Saudi Stock Exchange (Tadawul), is ready for the Saudi Aramco IPO in whatever shape it comes. (Reuters)
Updated 02 May 2018
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Tadawul has contingency plans to handle full Saudi Aramco IPO

  • Tadawul has capacity to handle entire listing
  • Stock exchange has central counter-party clearing house

RIYADH: The Riyadh stock exchange has a range of options for a possible listing of shares in Saudi Aramco later this year, the chief executive of Tadawul told Arab News.

Khalid Al-Hussan said that the exchange was ready to list all the shares in a potential initial public offering of 5 percent of Aramco shares, which could be worth $100 billion at current official estimates.

Speaking on the sidelines of the Euromoney conference in Riyadh, he said: “The Saudi economy has the capacity to take care of the whole IPO. There is untapped capacity outside the exchange if we need that, from corporates, individuals and foreign investors.”

Some experts have cast doubt on the Tadawul’s ability to digest such a big share offering as Aramco, which would account for nearly 20 percent of its market capitalization of around $530 billion.

They have argued that other stock markets, like New York or London, would have to be involved in the IPO, or that some shares could be sold to private investors.

Al-Hussan’s comments will add to increasing speculation that the government is leaning toward a Saudi listing before the end of this year.

He insisted that the exchange was ready and able to undertake the full listing, if asked, though he allowed that the final decision was up to the government, which would issue the shares.

“It has been determined clearly that the Tadawul is the home exchange, but the issuer will make the decision on whether it is the only exchange. What we have done is to prepare a case for each scenario, so that whenever we get the full detail on the IPO, we will have done our preparation. We have looked at all the contingencies for each scenario.”

However, he made clear that his preference was to undertake the IPO exclusively on Tadawul. “I aspire to have the whole IPO on Tadawul. But of course I’m looking at it from an exchange point of view, whereas the owner is looking at it from a national point of view,” he said.

Al-Hussan said that all the necessary regulatory, technological, operational and human preparation had been done to allow a full Aramco IPO. “We are all ready to welcome such a unique national IPO as Aramco onto the Tadawul,” he said.

“If the world comes to Aramco (via an exclusive listing on Tadawul), we are open to that and our market is accessible. If Aramco goes to the world (by listing on another market in addition to Aramco) we welcome that too, and we are ready to compete with the global exchanges,” he said.

Tadawul — the biggest and most liquid exchange in the Gulf — has been talking to other regional exchanges about the possibility of dual listings ahead of what is expected to be a rush of IPOs as the Saudi privatization program gets underway. Al-Hussan said this process was ongoing.

“We have to focus on bringing more IPOs to market, we have to persuade corporates of the benefits of going public. We are telling them to start the process of due diligence now in preparation. When you pull the trigger to go public, that is your decision, but you have to be ready,” he said.

Tadawul also announced that it has set up a central counter-party clearing house in order to diversify investment opportunities and bring in new asset classes such as derivatives.

“This will enable Saudi companies to hedge against risks, which will enhance the attractiveness of the Saudi capital market to all investors. It will improve risk management of the market buy introducing new mechanisms to ensure that the settlement is compete and that all parties meet their obligations when settling trades in the market.

The new clearing house has been set up in the from of a closed joint stock company with SR600 million ($159.9 million) of capital. Equity settlement is expected to start in the second half of next year, with derivative settlement a year later.

FASTFACTS

Factoid

A 5 percent listing of Saudi Aramco stock could be worth as much as $100 billion


Samsung announces folding phone with 5G — at nearly $2,000

Updated 21 February 2019
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Samsung announces folding phone with 5G — at nearly $2,000

  • The device looks similar to a conventional smartphone, but then opens like a book to reveal a display the size of a small tablet
  • Samsung is also making improvements to its flagship Galaxy S devices and plans to offer a 4G version of its folding phone
SAN FRANCISCO/LONDON: Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd. on Wednesday unveiled a nearly $2,000 folding smartphone in a bid to top the technology of Apple Inc. and Chinese rivals and reignite consumer interest amid slumping sales.
The Galaxy Fold will go on sale on April 26 and take advantage of new and faster 5G mobile networks. The device looks similar to a conventional smartphone, but then opens like a book to reveal a display the size of a small tablet at 7.3 inches (18.5 cm).
The device “answers skeptics who said that everything that could be done has been done,” DJ Koh, chief executive of Samsung Electronics, said at an event in San Francisco. “We are here to prove them wrong.”
Samsung remains the world’s largest smartphone maker with nearly a fifth of global unit sales but underperformed a slumping market last year. Chinese rival Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. — whose Mate series of phones also command premium prices — gained market share. Other Chinese makers like Xiaomi Corp. have also been increasing prices, leaving Samsung to defend its turf against upstart rivals in addition to its longtime foe Apple.
With the foldable phone, Samsung is going on the offense on two fronts in the smartphone race: It is offering an eye-catching new feature with the big, bending screen and the first 5G connection in a premium phone, a feature analysts do not expect Apple to match until 2020.
Samsung is also making improvements to its flagship Galaxy S devices and plans to offer a 4G version of its folding phone.
It also challenges the notion of what a phone can cost, debuting at nearly twice the price of current top-of-the-line models from Apple and Samsung itself.
Patrick Moorhead, founder of Moor Insights & Strategy, said the new folding device could help Samsung stay at the top and lure consumers to upgrade devices that have looked largely the same over the past five years.
“Samsung and Apple go back and forth” to lead the premium smartphone market, Moorhead said. “I think this is Samsung’s chance to take back the innovation crown.”
And even though the $1,980 starting price is steep, some dedicated Samsung fans said they would pay it. Navneet Kumar Singh, a Samsung enthusiast from India who traveled to San Francisco to watch the launch, is ready to place his order.
“The prices of the flagship models have been a little aggressive in India,” he said, “But in the end, if you invest the money you’re getting a different experience.”
Samsung also introduced several accessories to compete against Apple, including a pair of wireless headphones called Galaxy Buds. The headphones include wireless charging, a feature that Apple has promised to put into is competing AirPods but has not yet released.
Samsung also said that its new Galaxy phones will be able to wirelessly charge its headphones and new smartwatches by setting the accessories on the back of the phone.

10 times faster
Along with the folding phone, Samsung also added new cameras and a 5G version to its Galaxy series of phones.
Verizon Communications Inc. will be the first carrier to offer service for Samsung’s 5G phones. The networks are expected to be 10 times faster than current ones, improving viewing of live news and sports events.
With the 5G versions of its flagships, the Korean electronics maker looks to have beaten Chinese rivals in the 5G race, although the device will operate only on the small number of networks launching later this year. Apple is not expected to release a 5G smartphone until late 2020.
The new networks are not available in many places yet but will roll out this year and next. Consumers who want to hold on to their phones for several years before upgrading may be tempted to buy a 5G phone now so that it will be able to take advantage of those networks later, said Bob O’Donnell of TECHnalysis Research. That could sway some Apple buyers over to Samsung and other Android makers with 5G devices.
“People are going to be thinking about, am going to be able to use this a year from now? Two years from now? Three years?” he said.
Rival smartphone makers are expected to announce 5G models at next week’s Mobile World Congress, the industry’s top annual event, in Spain. Samsung said its 5G handset would be available in the early summer.
The Galaxy 10 series needs to appeal to consumers who are reluctant to upgrade for only incremental technological improvements in performance.
All of the Galaxy series of rigid phones except the 5G will be available from March 8, with the S10+ priced from $1,000, the S10 priced from $900 and the smaller S10e from $750.
The mainline S10 compares with $999 for Apple’s iPhone XS and $858 for Huawei’s premium Mate 20 Pro.