Donald Trump withdraws from Iran accord, world reacts

Iran's President Hassan Rouhani said that President Trump was launching "psychological and economic war against Tehran." (AFP)
Updated 09 May 2018

Donald Trump withdraws from Iran accord, world reacts

WASHINGTON: US President Donald Trump has withdrawn the US from the  Iran nuclear deal, citing what he believed to be a "very bad deal" that benefited Iran only and no other country or region, he said in a statement at the White House on Tuesday.

Trump went on to say that the deal, fails to stop "Iran's other malicious action."

He said: "The Iran nuclear deal failed to deal with the country's ballistic program and Iran has continued to stoke up trouble in the region by supporting terror organisations.

"The American people stand firm with the Iranian people who have suffered for 40 years under this religious dictatorship.

"Cancelling the nuclear deal with Iran will make America safer.

"Since signing the Nuclear deal with Iran, Tehran has sponsored chaos and killed our soldiers."

Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu said that Tel Aviv will work to prevent Tehran establishing bases in Syria and will respond with force against Iran threats.

Saudi Arabia said that it supports President Trump's withdrawal from Iran nuclear deal. Saudi Arabia said that Iran has used its funds since sanctions were lifted to "increase its belligerence in the region." Arab countries such as Bahrain and the UAE followed suit and expressed their countries' support for the decision taken by President Trump. 

Iran's President Hassan Rouhani said that President Trump was launching "psychological and economic war against Tehran," and Rouhani added in a press conference that his country will consult with other parties in the deal and will decide his country's next step.

The EU is "determined to preserve" the Iran nuclear deal, the bloc's diplomatic chief Federica Mogherini said Tuesday after President Donald Trump said the US was pulling out.
The 2015 accord "is delivering on its goal which is guaranteeing that Iran doesn't develop nuclear weapons, the European Union is determined to preserve it," Mogherini said, warning she was "particularly worried" by Trump's announcement of new sanctions.

Russia's foreign ministry said it was "deeply disappointed" by Trump's decision to pull out of the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, the ministry said in a statement on Tuesday.
"There are no - and can be no - grounds for breaking the joint comprehensive action plan (JCPOA). The plan showed its full efficiency," the ministry said. "The United States is undermining international trust in the International Atomic Energy Agency."
The ministry said it was open to further cooperation with other Iran deal members and would continue to actively develop bilateral ties with Tehran.

The United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres expressed his deep concern regarding the US withdrawal from Iran's nuclear deal signed under the Obama administration in 2015. The UN chief called on other countries signatories to stand by the deal. 


UN: Nearly 71 million now displaced by war, violence at home

Updated 19 June 2019

UN: Nearly 71 million now displaced by war, violence at home

  • The figures are bound to add fuel to a debate at the intersection of international law, human rights and domestic politics
  • UNHCR said 70.8 million people were forcibly displaced at the end of last year, up from about 68.5 million in 2017

GENEVA: A record 71 million people have been displaced worldwide from war, persecution and other violence, the UN refugee agency said Wednesday, an increase of more than 2 million from last year and an overall total that would amount to the world’s 20th most populous country.
The annual “Global Trends” report released by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees counts the number of the world’s refugees, asylum-seekers and internally displaced people at the end of 2018, in some cases following decades of living away from home.
The figures, coming on the eve of World Refugee Day on Thursday, are bound to add fuel to a debate at the intersection of international law, human rights and domestic politics, especially the movement in some countries, including the US, against immigrants and refugees.
Launching the report, the high commissioner, Filippo Grandi, had a message for US President Donald Trump and other world leaders, calling it “damaging” to depict migrants and refugees as threats to jobs and security in host countries. Often, they are fleeing insecurity and danger themselves, he said.
The report also puts a statistical skeleton onto often-poignant individual stories of people struggling to survive by crossing rivers, deserts, seas, fences and other barriers, natural and man-made, to escape government oppression, gang killings, sexual abuse, militia murders and other such violence at home.
UNHCR said 70.8 million people were forcibly displaced at the end of last year, up from about 68.5 million in 2017 — and nearly a 65 percent increase from a decade ago. Among them, nearly three in five people — or more than 41 million people — have been displaced within their home countries.
“The global trends, once again unfortunately, go in what I would say is the wrong direction,” Grandi told reporters in Geneva. “There are new conflicts, new situations, producing refugees, adding themselves to the old ones. The old ones never get resolved.”
The phenomenon is both growing in size and duration. Some four-fifths of the “displacement situations” have lasted more than five years. After eight years of war in Syria, for instance, its people continue to make up the largest population of forcibly displaced people, at some 13 million.
Amid runaway inflation and political turmoil at home, Venezuelans for the first time accounted for the largest number of new asylum-seekers in 2018, with more than 340,000 — or more than one in five worldwide last year. Asylum-seekers receive international protection as they await acceptance or rejection of their requests for refugee status.
UNHCR said that its figures are “conservative” and that Venezuela masks a potentially longer-term trend.
Some 4 million people are known to have left the South American country in recent years. Many of those have traveled freely to Peru, Colombia and Brazil, but only about one-eighth have sought formal international protection, and the outflow continues, suggesting the strains on the welcoming countries could worsen.
Grandi predicted a continued “exodus” from Venezuela and appealed for donors to provide more development assistance to the region.
“Otherwise these countries will not bear the pressure anymore and then they have to resort to measures that will damage refugees,” he said. “We are in a very dangerous situation.”
The United States, meanwhile, remains the “largest supporter of refugees” in the world, Grandi said in an interview. The US is the biggest single donor to UNHCR. He also credited local communities and advocacy groups in the United States for helping refugees and asylum-seekers in the country.
But the refugee agency chief noted long-term administrative shortcomings that have given the United States the world’s biggest backlog of asylum claims, at nearly 719,000. More than a quarter-million claims were added last year.
He also decried recent rhetoric that has been hostile to migrants and refugees.
“In America, just like in Europe actually and in other parts of the world, what we are witnessing is an identification of refugees — but not just refugees, migrants as well — with people that come take away jobs that threaten our security, our values,” Grandi said. “And I want to say to the US administration — to the president — but also to the leaders around the world: This is damaging.”
He said many people leaving Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador through Mexico have faced violence by gangs and suffered from “the inability of these governments to protect their own citizens.”
The UNHCR report noted that by far, the most refugees are taken in in the developing world, not wealthy countries.
The figures marked the seventh consecutive year in which the numbers of forcibly displaced rose.
“Yet another year, another dreadful record has been beaten,” said Jon Cerezo of British charity Oxfam. “Behind these figures, people like you and me are making dangerous trips that they never wanted to make, because of threats to their safety and most basic rights.”