Qatar workers face old problems despite reform promises

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Issa Saad Al-Jafali Al-Nuaimi (C), Qatar's Minister of Administrative Development, Labor, and Social Affairs, speaks to the press during the inauguration of the International Labor Organization (ILO)'s Qatar project office, in Doha on April 29, 2018. (AFP)
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In this file photo taken on May 04, 2015, foreign workers are seen at the construction site of the al-Wakrah football stadium, one of the Qatar's 2022 World Cup stadiums. (AFP / MARWAN NAAMANI)
Updated 10 May 2018

Qatar workers face old problems despite reform promises

DOHA: Just a 10-minute drive from the International Labor Organization’s (ILO) new office in the Qatari capital, Nabin explains how his employer has not paid his wages in two months.
He is one of hundreds of workers helping transform Msheireb, a rundown district in Doha, into an area of hotels, luxurious apartments and Qatar’s very own “Wall Street” financial center at a total cost of some $5.5 billion.
The Nepalese laborer should receive 1,100 Qatar riyals a month ($300, 250 euros), but says he has to survive on considerably less — in one of the world’s richest countries.
“In my country I was promised 1,100, but for the past two months I haven’t got my salary,” he said.
“They just gave me 100 riyals in advance.”
Like all workers interviewed for this article, the 20-year-old asked to use a pseudonym to protect his identity.
Resting in a patch of shade on the pavement during his lunch break as the midday heat reaches 36 degrees Celsius (97 Fahrenheit), Nabin said with no salary he is unable to buy food.
His is forced to rely on food at his labor camp, where he said he’s been served expired chicken.
Nearby, other workers rest after their morning shift, telling of endless problems.
Sumon, a Bangladeshi carpenter, said his company has refused to hand him his residency permit (RP) — an essential ID card used every day to prove legal residence and required to access anything from telephone contracts to opening a bank account.
“I gave 7,000 riyals to get an RP but the company has not made it,” he said.
“I said give it to me, I need it to travel, but I did not get any RP.”
He has complained to the courts, but a year on, he is still waiting.
“If I can get my RP, I will leave,” said the 24-year-old.
His colleague Ashik recounted how he paid 10,000 riyals — more than six months’ salary — to his sponsor just to obtain a No Objection Certificate, a document that permits a worker to transfer from one company to another.
He then had to pay another 10,000 riyals to get his new contract, he said.
Several workers complain of harassment from police demanding money from those without RPs.
They say one unlucky colleague was flown straight out of the country when he could not produce his permit.

Under huge pressure
The ILO opened its Qatar office on April 29, after signing a three-year agreement with the government to oversee fundamental labor change.
Qatar has come under huge pressure over its treatment of workers since winning the right to host the 2022 World Cup.
Limited reforms have failed to stem criticism from human rights groups and unions which accuse the Gulf state of widespread worker abuse.
Under its agreement with the UN agency, Qatar has committed to an overhaul including introducing a minimum wage — set at 750 riyals per month — establishing workers’ committees, and scrapping the exit visa where workers need their employers’ permission to leave the country.
That commitment has split Qatar’s critics.
Some, including the International Trade Union Confederation, are fully behind Doha.
Others, including some human rights advocates, remain cautious — skeptical that reform pledges have remained largely unfulfilled.
Previous promises to end the exit visa system have never been acted upon, according to critics.
The plight of workers in Msheireb echoes the sad stories of numerous workers heard since FIFA handed Qatar the World Cup in 2010.
It also shows that reforms already in place — including a law ensuring wages are paid in full — have failed to protect the most vulnerable.
Back in Msheireb, Ashik said those who will be most impacted by the latest reforms have heard nothing about them.
Sumon argues the minimum wage needs to be doubled to 1,500 to allow those building Qatar to enjoy a decent life.
“Everything is difficult because it is so expensive here,” he said. “We are here for our families to give a better life to them.”
At the end of their lunch break, the workers move slowly back from their resting place in “old” Msheireb to its gleaming new replacement, emerging on the Doha skyline in preparation for the World Cup.
Asked if they have any interest in football, Sumon replied: “No. They will throw us away when this project is finished.
“The football is not for us, it’s for different people.”

Cairo turns to Tokyo for a lesson on education

Updated 23 August 2019

Cairo turns to Tokyo for a lesson on education

  • The Japanese education system is recognized as one of the top five worldwide

CAIRO: Egypt is seeking Japan’s help to improve its education system, which has fallen to 130th place in international rankings.

The Japanese education system is recognized as one of the top five worldwide, and Cairo is hoping to apply key aspects of Japan’s approach to the Egyptian curriculum.

Education has played a major role in transforming Japan from a feudal state receiving aid following World War II to a modern economic powerhouse. 

During a visit to Japan in 2016, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi discussed political and economic development with Japanese officials, and was also briefed on the Japanese education system.

The Egyptian leader visited Japanese schools and called on Japan to help Egypt introduce a similar system in its schools.  

As part of Egyptian-Japanese cooperation, Japan’s embassy established cultural cooperation as well as technical and professional education links between the two countries. Collaboration has been strengthened from kindergarten to post-university, with Japanese experts contributing in various education fields.

Japanese experts have held seminars in schools across the country, focusing on basic education. 

During one seminar, Japan highlighted the importance of enhancing education by playing games during kindergarten and primary school, encouraging children’s ability and desire to explore.  

Education expert Ola El-Hazeq told Arab News that the Japanese system focuses on developing students’ sense of collective worth and responsibility toward society. This starts with their surrounding environment by taking care of school buildings, educational equipment and school furniture, for example.

“Japanese schools are known for being clean,” El-Hazeq said. “The first thing that surprises a school visitor is finding sneakers placed neatly in a locker or on wooden shelves at the school entrance. Each sneaker has its owner’s name on it. This is a habit picked up at most primary and intermediate schools as well as in many high schools.”

Japanese students also clean their classrooms, collect leaves that have fallen in the playground and take out the garbage. In many cases, teachers join students to clean up schools and also public gardens and beaches during the summer holidays.

El-Hazeq added that neither the teachers nor the students find it beneath their dignity to carry out such chores.

The academic year in Japan continues for almost 11 months, different from most other countries, with the Japanese academic year starting on April 1 and ending on March 31 the following year.

Japan’s school days and hours are relatively longer in comparison with other countries. Usually the school day is from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Teachers normally work until 5 p.m. but sometimes up to 7 p.m. Holidays are shorter than in other countries. Spring and winter holidays are no longer than 10 days, and the summer holiday ranges from 40 to 45 days.