Pakistan extends tax amnesty scheme for another 30 days 

President Mamnoon Hussain promulgated the ordinance to validate the one-month extension with immediate effect. (RIZWAN TABASSUM/AFP/FILE)
Updated 01 July 2018

Pakistan extends tax amnesty scheme for another 30 days 

  • Country expects the plan to broaden the tax base from current 1.2 million individuals to 30 million
  • The government extended the scheme on Sunday till July 31, allowing people to declare their hidden domestic and offshore assets by paying a nominal tax on them

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan extended a tax amnesty scheme on Sunday till July 31, allowing people to declare their hidden domestic and offshore assets by paying a nominal 2 to 5 percent tax on them.
The scheme was originally launched by the previous government on April 10 and was scheduled to expire on June 30.
“The Federal Cabinet, on the recommendations of the Finance Minister, has approved an extension of the closing date of tax amnesty schemes for declaration of foreign assets and domestic income and assets till July 31, 2018,” Dr. Mohammed Iqbal, member (inland revenue-policy) of the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR), told Arab News.
A summary was approved on Saturday for promulgation of a presidential ordinance to amend the Foreign Assets (Declaration and Repatriation) Act 2018, and the Voluntary Declaration of Domestic Assets Act to extend the amnesty schemes for offshore and domestic assets.
President Mamnoon Hussain promulgated the ordinance to validate the one-month extension with immediate effect. 
He said the extension was made on the request of trade bodies, professional associations and the public since “there has been an overwhelming demand and response which is on the rise.
 “The extension was also needed to remove ambiguities through clarifications and explanations required to provide certainty to the general public and to ensure effective implementation of the schemes,” he said.
Iqbal said the scheme had also been extended for a month as those declaring foreign assets faced problems in the payment of tax on foreign assets and repatriation of liquid assets.
“It will help the government in bringing undocumented persons, assets and income into the documented sector,” he said. “Depending on the flows, the scheme has the potential to bring in macroeconomic and fiscal stability in the economy.”
Ex-premier Shahid Khaqan Abbasi claimed at the launch of the amnesty scheme in April that it would broaden the tax base from only 1.2 million individuals to 30 million.
The FBR expected to collect around RS120 billion ($32 billion) in tax contributions from those who have used the amnesty scheme. However, by late Saturday night, only RS75 billion could come in the FBR’s kitty.
Pakistanis were allowed to whiten their hidden local and foreign assets at nominal rates between 2 and 5 percent, depending on whether they are declaring domestic or foreign assets and repatriating these possessions to the country or not.
Economists welcome the extension in the amnesty scheme but also urge the authorities to formulate cogent policies to increase the tax net and catch tax evaders to strengthen the country’s economy.
Dr Ashfaque Hasan Khan, senior economist and ex-adviser to the Ministry of Finance, said the scheme had been successful only because the Supreme Court gave it the go-ahead after properly vetting and reviewing its contours.
“The Supreme Court’s approval helped improve confidence of businessmen and the general public in the amnesty scheme and hopefully the FBR will get sufficient revenue through it,” he told Arab News.
Khan said that if Pakistanis declared their foreign assets through the scheme in large numbers, it would also help improve the country's foreign exchange reserves. “For the first time, businessmen and trade bodies have been taking a lot of interest in the amnesty scheme and this shows its success,” he added.
 The apex court had taken notice of the amnesty scheme after the then opposition parties had disapproved of it, but later, in June this year, the court approved it after getting it reviewed by economists and tax experts.
Dr. Athar Ahmed, senior economist, termed the tax amnesty scheme a “blessing in disguise” and said the government had no other option but to announce the amnesty to bring more people into the tax net.
 “The authorities had to offer incentives to tax evaders because there was no mechanism in place to hold them accountable for their undeclared local and foreign assets,” he told Arab News.
He urged the government to sign agreements with international bodies and other countries to track down undeclared assets of Pakistanis. “Parliament should enact laws to help relevant authorities locate undeclared local and foreign assets of Pakistanis to strengthen the economy,” he suggested.

Bosnians welcome UN verdict against Karadzic

Updated 21 March 2019

Bosnians welcome UN verdict against Karadzic

  • ‘He should never be allowed to go free,’ Bosnian diplomat tells Arab News
  • Families of victims who traveled to The Hague hailed the verdict

JEDDAH: Former Bosnian-Serb leader Radovan Karadzic, widely known as the “Butcher of Bosnia,” has had his sentence for genocide and war crimes increased to life in prison.

He was appealing a 2016 verdict in which he was given a 40-year sentence for the Srebrenica massacre in the 1992-95 Bosnian war.

More than 8,000 Muslim men and boys were killed in the town of Srebrenica by Bosnian-Serb forces in July 1995. Karadzic, 73, was also found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity. 

The UN court said the 40-year sentence did not reflect the trial chamber’s analysis on the “gravity and responsibility for the largest and greatest set of crimes ever attributed to a single person at the ICTY (the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia).”

The ruling by the judges on Wednesday cannot be appealed, and will end one of the highest-profile legal battles stemming from the Balkan wars.

Karadzic showed almost no reaction as presiding Judge Vagn Joensen of Denmark read out the damning judgment.

The former leader is one of the most senior figures tried by The Hague’s war crimes court. His case is considered as key in delivering justice for the victims of the Bosnian conflict, which left more than 100,000 people dead and millions homeless.

Joensen said the trial chamber was wrong to impose a sentence of just 40 years, given what he called the “sheer scale and systematic cruelty” of Karadzic’s crimes. Applause broke out in the public gallery as Joensen passed the new sentence.

Families of victims who traveled to The Hague hailed the verdict. Mothers, some elderly and walking with canes, wept with apparent relief after watching the ruling read on a screen in Srebrenica.

Halim Grabus, a Bosnian-Muslim diplomat based in Geneva, told Arab News that the verdict “will act as a deterrent against the criminals responsible for the genocide of Muslims during the 1992-1995 war. He (Karadzic) should never be allowed to go free. He deserves maximum punishment.”

Grabus was in Bosnia during the war, and witnessed the scorched-earth policy of Karadzic and his fellow generals.

Grabus said it was not possible in today’s world to expect total justice, “but the verdict is important for the victims and survivors of Karadzic’s genocidal politics and ideology of hate.” 

A large majority of Serbs “continue to justify what he did, and continue to carry forward his hateful campaign against Bosnian Muslims,” Grabus added.

“Many of the killers of Muslims during the Bosnian war are still roaming free. They need to be arrested and brought to justice.”

Ratko Mladic, a Bosnian-Serb wartime military commander, is awaiting an appeal judgment of his genocide and war crimes conviction, which earned him a life sentence. Both he and Karadzic were convicted of genocide for their roles in the Srebrenica massacre.