DP World wins Djibouti port ruling

Doraleh port has three berths and an annual capacity of 1.2 million 20-foot equivalent units of container traffic. (Shutterstock)
Updated 07 August 2018
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DP World wins Djibouti port ruling

  • London court rules illegal Djibouti’s seizure of Doraleh Container Terminal from DP World
  • Ruling will come as a blow to Djibouti and could potentially threaten the country’s ability to attract foreign investment

LONDON: Djibouti’s seizure of the Doraleh Container Terminal from the Dubai-based ports operator DP World was on Thursday ruled illegal by a London court.
The ruling will come as a blow to Djibouti and could potentially threaten the country’s ability to attract foreign investment in the future, analysts told Arab News.
A tribunal at the London Court of International Arbitration said that DP World’s concession agreement “remains valid and binding.” Dubai’s Media Office said DP World “will now reflect on the ruling and review its options.”
On Feb. 22, the Djibouti authorities seized control of the port from DP World, which had been awarded the concession in 2006.
In the run-up to the seizure, the Djibouti government had already attempted to force DP World to renegotiate the terms of the port concession. The London court had previously ruled in DP World’s favor in a 2017 hearing.
DP World started arbitration proceedings the same month to prove again that its original agreement was still legal and binding.
The Doraleh port has three berths and an annual capacity of 1.2 million 20-foot equivalent units of container traffic. Under the concession agreement, the Djibouti government had a 67 percent stake while DP World held 33 percent.
Olivier Milland, senior analyst at risk consultancy Allan & Associates, said that Thursday’s ruling could threaten Djibouti’s ability to attract foreign investment.
“International investors will likely be very concerned, particularly if they’re considering market entry,” said Milland.
“This is because the failure of a host country to honor its contract with foreign entities means that their investments and assets cannot be secured. If foreign investors see that their investments are not legally protected in Djibouti, appetite for the Horn of Africa country is likely to decrease,” he said.

 

While the move is likely to be viewed as a victory for DP World, it is far from the end of a dispute that first broke out in 2012, Milland noted.
“It is less clear to what extent the London Court of International Arbitration ruling will be enforced, as it is up to the national courts to enforce international rulings as per the New York Convention, which Djibouti has signed,” he said.
“Djibouti could appeal the verdict, or attempt to negotiate a settlement with DP World,” Milland said.
Judd Devermont, director of the Africa program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington DC, also raised questions about how Djibouti will respond to the ruling.
“This is not a pill Djibouti will willingly swallow,” he said.
“Djibouti has indicated that it is open to compensating DP World to a tune of half a billion dollars, but the time for arbitration is over. Moreover, the government is not really in a position to reverse its decision,” he said. “It has already inked a deal with Chinese state-owned enterprises to open a free trade zone at the port, which DP World claims is a violation of its concession to run Doraleh.”
In July, Djibouti is said to have opened the first phase of its Djibouti International Free Trade Zone, which will be managed by both Djibouti authorities and a number of Chinese companies.
DP World issued a statement in July in response to these reports. “This is yet another clear example by the Djiboutian government of violating its contractual obligations and the rights of foreign investors,” it said.
The court’s decision also comes as the UAE looks to strengthen its position in the Horn of Africa, exploring opportunities to develop other ports along the coast.
The Arab state is also positioning itself as a mediator between Ethiopia and Eritrea after the two East African countries signed an agreement in July to restore relations after years of conflict.

FASTFACTS

The Doraleh terminal looks out at the strait of Bab Al-Mandeb at the mouth of the Red Sea. It is one of the biggest employers in Djibouti and a significant source of revenue for the country, and is recognized as one of the most advanced container terminals on the east coast of Africa.


MODON to establish integrated pharmaceutical complex

Updated 23 May 2019
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MODON to establish integrated pharmaceutical complex

JEDDAH: The Saudi Authority for Industrial Cities and Technology Zones (MODON) has signed an industrial land lease covering more than 62 thousand square meters in the city of Madinah, to build a pharmaceutical complex including research and development centers, with a total investment reaching SR 570 million.

MODON’s Director General Khalid bin Mohammed Al-Salem said that the signing of the contract was the result of joint work with the National Program for the Development of Industrial Compounds. MODON provided various facilities and incentives to support the investment, with the project set to provide nearly 1000 jobs for both genders with a localization rate exceeding 50 percent.

He added that the project is in line with the goals of the National Industrial and Logistics Development Program (NIDLP) to localize the most advanced industries in the world, in accordance with Saudi Vision 2030 for economic diversification.

Since its inception in 2001, MODON has been developing integrated industrial lands in accordance with the highest international standards. It currently oversees 35 industrial cities under development in various regions of the Kingdom, in addition to supervising private industrial parks and cities. The developed industrial lands exceeded until today 198.8 million square meters, while the existing industrial cities include 3,474 productive factories.