Syrian troops shell Idlib, drop leaflets ahead of assault

A Syrian man holds a leaflet stamped with the government forces' seal and dropped by helicopters flying over the Syrian city of Saraqib, southwest of Aleppo, on Thursday. (AFP)
Updated 10 August 2018
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Syrian troops shell Idlib, drop leaflets ahead of assault

  • Syrian troops have recaptured key swathes of the country in recent months with help from ally Russia
  • Idlib province is home to around 2.5 million people, including rebels and civilians transferred en masse from other territory that fell to Syrian troops after intense assaults

SARAQEB: Syrian regime forces shelled rebel and extremist positions in the northwestern province of Idlib on Thursday and dropped leaflets warning of an impending assault.
The province is the largest chunk of territory still in rebel hands, and President Bashar Al-Assad has warned it would be his military's next priority.
The UN, for its part, appealed Thursday for talks to avert “a civilian bloodbath” in Idlib.
“The war cannot be allowed to go to Idlib,” the head of the UN humanitarian taskforce for Syria, Jan Egeland, told reporters in Geneva.
Egeland said he remained "hopeful" that diplomatic efforts under way could avert a major ground offensive that would force hundreds of thousands to flee.
“It is bad now,” in Idlib, Egeland said. “It could be 100 times worse.”
The warning came as government helicopters dropped leaflets over towns in Idlib's eastern countryside urging people to surrender, an AFP correspondent said.
“The war is nearing an end... We are calling on you to join the local reconciliations, as many of our people in Syria did,” said the leaflets, which were stamped with the military's seal.
Such surrender deals typically see rebels hand over territory to government troops in exchange for a halt to shelling, the return of state institutions, and a chance to either join regime forces or be bussed out of the area.
“The fate of your family, children, and future depend on your decision,” warned the leaflets.
Heavy artillery and rocket fire on Thursday morning slammed into territory around Jisr Al-Shughur, a key town in the southwestern part of the province, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
“The shelling is in preparation for an assault but there has been no ground advance yet,” said Observatory head Rami Abdel Rahman.
“Regime reinforcements including equipment, soldiers, vehicles and ammunition have been arriving since Tuesday,” he told AFP.
They were being distributed along three regime-held fronts, including in neighboring Latakia province just west of Jisr a Al-Shughur, in the Sahl Al-Ghab plain south of Idlib, and in a sliver of the province's southeast that is already in government hands.
Al-Watan newspaper, which is close to the government, also reported on Thursday that army troops had bombed rebel and jihadist positions in the area.
Idlib, which has escaped regime control since 2015, lies along the border with Turkey but is otherwise nearly completely surrounded by government-held territory.
Around 60 percent of it is now held by Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), which is led by Al-Qaeda's former Syria affiliate, while the rest is controlled by rival opposition factions.
Syrian troops have recaptured key swathes of the country in recent months with help from ally Russia, which has brokered a string of surrender deals with rebels.
Apparently fearing a similar arrangement for Idlib, HTS has been arresting dozens of figures in the province that have been go-betweens with the regime.
Early Thursday, the group detained several such figures from villages in Idlib's southeast, calling them “chiefs of treason,” according to an HTS-linked media agency.
The Britain-based Observatory, which relies on a network of sources inside Syria, said it had documented more than 100 such arrests by HTS and rival forces this week alone.
Idlib province is home to around 2.5 million people, including rebels and civilians transferred en masse from other territory that fell to Syrian troops after intense assaults.
It was designated last year as one of four “de-escalation” zones where violence was supposed to be reduced ahead of a nationwide ceasefire.
It is the only such zone left, after Assad’s troops in recent months recaptured the other three with a blend of military assaults and “reconciliation” deals.


Elon Musk unveils underground tunnels, offers rides to VIPs

Elon Musk, co-founder and chief executive officer of Tesla Inc., arrives in a modified Tesla Model X electric vehicle during an unveiling event for the Boring Co. Hawthorne test tunnel in Hawthorne, south of Los Angeles, on December 18, 2018. (AFP)
Updated 19 December 2018
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Elon Musk unveils underground tunnels, offers rides to VIPs

  • The tunnel is just a test to prove the technology works and could one day cure traffic
  • For the privately funded test tunnel, Musk acquired a tunnel-boring machine that had been used in a San Francisco Bay Area project and put it down a shaft in a parking lot at the SpaceX headquarters

LOS ANGELES: Elon Musk unveiled his underground transportation tunnel on Tuesday, allowing reporters and invited guests to take some of the first rides in the revolutionary albeit bumpy subterranean tube — the tech entrepreneur’s answer to what he calls “soul-destroying traffic.”
Guests boarded Musk’s Tesla Model S and rode along Los Angeles-area surface streets about a mile away to what’s known as O’Leary Station. The station, smack dab in the middle of a residential neighborhood — “basically in someone’s backyard,” Musk says — consists of a wall-less elevator that slowly took the car down a wide shaft, roughly 30 feet (9 meters) below the surface.
The sky slowly fell away and the surprisingly narrow tunnel emerged.
“We’re clear,” said the driver, who sped up and zipped into the tunnel when a red track light turned green, making the tube look like something from space or a dance club.
The car jostled significantly during the ride, which was bumpy enough to give one reporter motion sickness while another yelled, “Woo!“
Musk described his first ride as “epic.”
“For me it was a eureka moment,” he told a room full of reporters. “I was like, ‘This thing is going to damn well work.’“
He said the rides are bumpy now because “we kind of ran out of time” and there were some problems with the speed of his paving machine.
“It’ll be smooth as glass,” he said of future systems. “This is just a prototype. That’s why it’s a little rough around the edges.”
The demo rides were also considerably slower — 40 mph (64 kph) — than what Musk says the future system will run at: 150 mph (241 kph). Still, it took only three minutes to go just over a mile from the beginning to the end of the tunnel, the same amount of time it took to accomplish a right-hand turn out of the parking lot and onto a surface street even before the height of Los Angeles’ notorious rush-hour traffic.
The tunnel is just a test to prove the technology works and could one day cure traffic.
Tuesday’s reveal comes almost two years to the day since Musk announced on Twitter that “traffic is driving me nuts” and he was “going to build a tunnel boring machine and just start digging.”
“I am actually going to do this,” he added in response to initial skepticism, a Tweet that was blown up and posted near the entrance to the tunnel for Tuesday’s event, along with other Musk tweets like, “Defeating traffic is the ultimate boss battle.”
The tweets were a nod to Musk’s sense of humor. Just after announcing he was creating a tunnel, he began The Boring Company, tongue in cheek intentional. Since his announcement, Musk has only revealed a handful of photos and videos of the tunnel’s progress.
On Tuesday, he explained for the first time in minute detail just how the system, which he simply calls “loop,” could work on a larger scale beneath cities across the globe. Autonomous, electric vehicles could be lowered into the system on wall-less elevators the size of two cars. Such elevators could be placed almost anywhere cars can go.
A number of autonomous cars would remain inside the system just for pedestrians and bicyclists. Once on the main arteries of the system, every car could run at top speed except when entering and exiting.
“It’s much more like an underground highway than it is a subway,” he said. “It’s not like you’re going through a whole series of stops. Nope, the main arteries will be going super fast, and it’s only when you want to get off the loop system that you slow down.”
Musk said he scrapped his previous plan to run the cars on platforms called skates. Instead, the cars would have to be fitted with specially designed side wheels that pop out perpendicular to the car’s regular tires and run along the tunnel’s track. The cost for such wheels would be about $200 or $300 a car, Musk said.
He said tunnels are the safest place to be in earthquakes — sort of like a submarine during a hurricane is safest beneath the surface — and addressed other concerns such as the noise and disruption of building the tunnels, which he completely dismissed. When workers bored through the end of the test tunnel, for instance, the people in the home 20 feet (6 meters) away “didn’t even stop watching TV.”
“The footsteps of someone walking past your house will be more noticeable than a tunnel being dug under your house,” he said,
Musk said it took about $10 million to build the test tunnel, a far cry from the $1 billion per mile his company says most tunnels take to build.
Musk explained just how he’s cutting costs. Measures include improving the speed of construction with smarter tools, eliminating middlemen, building more powerful boring machines, and instead of hauling out all the dirt being excavated, Musk is turning them into bricks and selling them for 10 cents.
He reiterated the simplicity of all his ideas.
“No Nobel Prize is needed here,” he said. “It’s very simple.”
And he’s not doing it for the money, he said, adding that it’s for the greater good.
“Traffic is a blight on everyone’s life in all cities,” he said. “I really think this is incredibly profound. Hopefully that is coming across.”
Steve Davis, head of The Boring Company, said the interest in the tunnel systems has been significant — anywhere from five to 20 calls a week from various municipalities and stakeholders.
One project Musk is planning on, known as the Dugout Loop, would take Los Angeles baseball fans to Dodger Stadium from one of three subway stations. Another would take travelers from downtown Chicago to O’Hare International Airport. Both projects are in the environmental review phase.
The Boring Company canceled its plans for another test tunnel on Los Angeles’ west side last month after a neighborhood coalition filed a lawsuit expressing concerns about traffic and disruptions from trucks hauling out dirt during the boring process.
For the privately funded test tunnel, Musk acquired a tunnel-boring machine that had been used in a San Francisco Bay Area project and put it down a shaft in a parking lot at the SpaceX headquarters.
Already on Tuesday, Musk’s representatives unveiled a new tunnel-boring machine they say they hope to have online soon, one that can bore four times faster than the one they’ve been using.
Musk’s vision for the underground tunnels is not the same as another of his transportation concepts known as hyperloop. That would involve a network of nearly airless tubes that would speed special capsules over long distances at up to 750 mph (1,200) kph), using a thin cushion of air, magnetism and solar power.
The loop system is designed for shorter routes that wouldn’t require the elimination of air friction, according to The Boring Company.