What We Are Reading Today: The Cash Ceiling, by Nicolas Carnes

Updated 23 August 2018
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What We Are Reading Today: The Cash Ceiling, by Nicolas Carnes

Why are Americans governed by the rich? Millionaires make up only 3 percent of the public but control all 3 branches of the federal government. How did this happen? What stops lower-income and working-class Americans from becoming politicians? The first book to answer these urgent questions, The Cash Ceiling provides a compelling and comprehensive account of why so few working-class people hold office — and what reformers can do about it.

Using extensive data on candidates, politicians, party leaders, and voters, Nicholas Carnes debunks popular misconceptions (like the idea that workers are unelectable or unqualified to govern), identifies the factors that keep lower-class Americans off the ballot and out of political institutions, and evaluates a variety of reform proposals.

In the US, Carnes shows, elections have a built-in “cash ceiling,” a series of structural barriers that make it almost impossible for the working class to run for public office. Elections take a serious toll on candidates, many working-class Americans simply can’t shoulder the practical burdens, and civic and political leaders often pass them over in favor of white-collar candidates. 

Who runs for office goes to the heart of whether we will have a democracy that is representative or not. The Cash Ceiling shows that the best hope for combating the oversized political influence of the rich might simply be to help more working-class Americans become politicians.


Bella Hadid marches to the beat as Cavalli unveils its latest line

Updated 47 min 15 sec ago
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Bella Hadid marches to the beat as Cavalli unveils its latest line

MILAN: On a frosty day in Milan, US-Palestinian model Bella Hadid caused the crowd to hold their smartphones a little higher when she took to the runway at Roberto Cavalli’s Fall/Winter 2019 show during Milan Fashion Week.
The show, which kicked off to thumping music at close to 1pm local time on Saturday, took place in a white tent in the unassuming Giardini Indro Montanelli park, a 20-minute walk from the fashion capital’s central hub.
As children played in the park outside — and bemused parents asked what all the photographers and fuss was all about — the Italian label showed off a decidedly more subdued collection inside.

(AFP)


Fans of the flamboyant label, headed by designer Paul Surridge, should prepare themselves for a little less animal print than usual in the label’s latest outing.
It’s far from boring, however. The tired leopard print has been retired in favor of a slinky snakeskin, zebra print and fresh take on camouflage print — in a palette of blue, teal and crystal white.

(AFP)


Both womenswear and menswear items featured the print on pieces ranging from bulky jackets to form-fitting, glittering dresses with keyhole backs.
A luscious teal shade is visible throughout the line, with men’s blazers and cropped snakeskin jackets for women boasting variants of the color.
Pleats also seem to be in this season, as the designer showed off a fair few creations with tightly pleated, yet flowing, skirts — including a magenta dress with a deep V-neck and mid-length skirt that stood out.

(AFP)


Other pops of color included an ochre yellow minidress showed off by the Hadid sibling — with its ribbed bodice and flowing, schoolgirl-style skirt, it’s a creative take on the standard winter jumper dress.
Crystallized trousers and form-fitting minidresses featured throughout the collection, with the menswear adopting the bling, albeit with more boxy cuts.

(AFP)


Keyhole openings placed at the front of some dresses, rather than at the back, and one tight number which flared into a skirt of material swatches and Bella’s jumper dress were the only real experiments in terms of cut.
However, the icy collection, with its frosty shades and cool blend of colors will no doubt go down a treat.

(AFP)