Ihram of the future: Why this bacteria-killing cloth could have global health consequences

Hamad Al-Yami believes the new Ihram could have substantial health implications for pilgrims. (AN photo by Ziyad Alarfaj)
Updated 29 August 2018
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Ihram of the future: Why this bacteria-killing cloth could have global health consequences

  • The Ihram that bacteria hate could be what all pilgrims will wear by 2030
  • Saudi entrepreneur Hamad Al-Yami’s nanotech-developed cloth could have far-reaching health implications

MAKKAH: While perusing one of the many daily papers in Saudi Arabia, Hamad Al-Yami’s interest was piqued by a story about rugs. These weren’t any ordinary rugs. These were the carpets of the Grand Mosque in Makkah, the holiest site in Islam.
A team of researchers at Umm Al-Qura University in the holy city were using nanotechnology to coat the surfaces of the large, flowery carpets used by millions of worshippers who come to the mosque.
The use of silver as an anti-microbial agent goes back to antiquity and the researchers’ use of the element’s nanoparticles on the mats made it harder for bacteria to grow.
Al-Yami was intrigued by the idea and set out to learn everything he could about the technology.
Nanotech is the study and application of extremely small things — one nanometer is a billionth of a meter.
Practitioners have realized a number of beneficial uses, including medicine, food and clothing.
The confident Jazani’s journey would take him as far as Pakistan’s Punjab region and convince investors in and out of the country of his business venture.
Thinking about what the researchers were doing, Al-Yami felt that if the technology could be used to keep the carpets bacteria-free, it would also be prudent to use it for the Ihram, the two cloths Muslims wear during pilgrimage.
The implications for having an Ihram that is resistant to bacteria are huge. With millions coming to the Kingdom each year and performing the prescribed lesser pilgrimage, called Umrah, and the annual Hajj, maintaining a healthy environment for worshippers is a key consideration for authorities. “This is why the project is important,” Al-Yami said. And as pilgrims arrive from almost every continent on earth, ensuring their health has global consequences.
The Saudi set out to find a maker for his product. Using social media, he met a Dubai-based German fashion designer, who produced his first pieces of cloth. “I had to explain that it was not just a normal towel, but what pilgrims wear,” recalled Al-Yami, and with that, he saw his idea come to life.

With thousands of the Ihrams manufactured, the entrepreneur began selling this new type of Ihram during the Hajj of 2017.

The enterprising Saudi believed that it could be done more cheaply and researched alternatives.
He arrived in Faisalabad, a bustling metropolis in Pakistan’s richest province. There he found a manufacturer who was able to produce the Ihram to the quality he wanted, and at a viable cost.
Excited by this development, Al-Yami returned to the Kingdom and took his idea to Makkah Gov. Prince Khaled Al-Faisal, who found the idea interesting enough to send the Saudi to a research institute in the holy city. When the institute reported that the idea was useful, the governor directed the city’s chamber of commerce and the ministry of commerce to help the 35-year-old with his project.
With thousands of the Ihrams manufactured, the entrepreneur began selling this new type of Ihram during the Hajj of 2017.
Within a year of launching, he had sold 100,000 pieces, which he named Eliaa — the Hebrew name for Al-Aqsa mosque.
Al-Yami’s marketing background certainly helped secure a SR750,000 ($199,939) investment from an intrigued businessman on a domestic flight, followed by a multimillion-dollar stake from a foreign investor.
Saudi Vision 2030, the Kingdom’s strategy to diversify the economy, has helped entrepreneurs such as Al-Yami. He said he received great support from the ministries who have the platform he needs to raise awareness of his business.
He talked fondly of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, who is behind the reform drive in the country, and said he is close to us in age and understands us.
But Al-Yami insisted that the bigger goal for him is a religious one. “I am doing this to earn good deeds,” he said. He only wants to improve the conditions for the many millions of pilgrims that come to the Kingdom to fulfill their rites. “I want to do something that I am proud of during my life, and after death,” he said. “I also want to be part of the efforts of my country in helping the pilgrims.”
Within three years he predicts five million of them will be wearing his technologically enhanced Ihram.


Saudi Arabia’s nuclear program ‘fundamental to Kingdom’s energy sector’

Updated 18 September 2018
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Saudi Arabia’s nuclear program ‘fundamental to Kingdom’s energy sector’

JEDDAH: Saudi Arabia’s atomic energy program is fundamental for developing a sustainable energy sector, a senior minister told the International Atomic Energy Agency on Monday.
The Kingdom plans to start building its first two nuclear power reactors this year and as many as 16 over the next 25 years at a cost of more than $80 billion. The plan is to provide 15 percent of Saudi Arabia’s power from nuclear by 2032.
Speaking at the IAEA’s annual conference in Vienna, Energy Minister Khalid Al-Falih said the atomic reactor projects were were part of the Kingdom’s Vision 2030 to diversify its energy sources to nuclear and renewables.
The program “abides by all international treaties and conventions and best practices, adhering to the highest standards of safety, security and transparency,” Al Falih said.
The minister said Saudi Arabia was committed to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, which calls for nuclear disarmament and stresses the commitment of nuclear power states to share their peaceful technologies with abiding member states.
He also said the Kingdom had called for cooperation with the international community to make the Middle East a nuclear weapons free area.
The US has started to reintroduce heavy sanctions against Iran over its nuclear program, after Donald Trump pulled out of a deal with the country earlier this year to curb its atomic ambitions.
Al-Falih called on the international community to take a more stringent stance against all threats to regional and international security, particularly Iran, given its “alarming efforts to build its nuclear capabilities, in tandem with its increasing acts of sabotage and aggression against other states in the region.”