Ihram of the future: Why this bacteria-killing cloth could have global health consequences

Hamad Al-Yami believes the new Ihram could have substantial health implications for pilgrims. (AN photo by Ziyad Alarfaj)
Updated 29 August 2018

Ihram of the future: Why this bacteria-killing cloth could have global health consequences

  • The Ihram that bacteria hate could be what all pilgrims will wear by 2030
  • Saudi entrepreneur Hamad Al-Yami’s nanotech-developed cloth could have far-reaching health implications

MAKKAH: While perusing one of the many daily papers in Saudi Arabia, Hamad Al-Yami’s interest was piqued by a story about rugs. These weren’t any ordinary rugs. These were the carpets of the Grand Mosque in Makkah, the holiest site in Islam.
A team of researchers at Umm Al-Qura University in the holy city were using nanotechnology to coat the surfaces of the large, flowery carpets used by millions of worshippers who come to the mosque.
The use of silver as an anti-microbial agent goes back to antiquity and the researchers’ use of the element’s nanoparticles on the mats made it harder for bacteria to grow.
Al-Yami was intrigued by the idea and set out to learn everything he could about the technology.
Nanotech is the study and application of extremely small things — one nanometer is a billionth of a meter.
Practitioners have realized a number of beneficial uses, including medicine, food and clothing.
The confident Jazani’s journey would take him as far as Pakistan’s Punjab region and convince investors in and out of the country of his business venture.
Thinking about what the researchers were doing, Al-Yami felt that if the technology could be used to keep the carpets bacteria-free, it would also be prudent to use it for the Ihram, the two cloths Muslims wear during pilgrimage.
The implications for having an Ihram that is resistant to bacteria are huge. With millions coming to the Kingdom each year and performing the prescribed lesser pilgrimage, called Umrah, and the annual Hajj, maintaining a healthy environment for worshippers is a key consideration for authorities. “This is why the project is important,” Al-Yami said. And as pilgrims arrive from almost every continent on earth, ensuring their health has global consequences.
The Saudi set out to find a maker for his product. Using social media, he met a Dubai-based German fashion designer, who produced his first pieces of cloth. “I had to explain that it was not just a normal towel, but what pilgrims wear,” recalled Al-Yami, and with that, he saw his idea come to life.

With thousands of the Ihrams manufactured, the entrepreneur began selling this new type of Ihram during the Hajj of 2017.

The enterprising Saudi believed that it could be done more cheaply and researched alternatives.
He arrived in Faisalabad, a bustling metropolis in Pakistan’s richest province. There he found a manufacturer who was able to produce the Ihram to the quality he wanted, and at a viable cost.
Excited by this development, Al-Yami returned to the Kingdom and took his idea to Makkah Gov. Prince Khaled Al-Faisal, who found the idea interesting enough to send the Saudi to a research institute in the holy city. When the institute reported that the idea was useful, the governor directed the city’s chamber of commerce and the ministry of commerce to help the 35-year-old with his project.
With thousands of the Ihrams manufactured, the entrepreneur began selling this new type of Ihram during the Hajj of 2017.
Within a year of launching, he had sold 100,000 pieces, which he named Eliaa — the Hebrew name for Al-Aqsa mosque.
Al-Yami’s marketing background certainly helped secure a SR750,000 ($199,939) investment from an intrigued businessman on a domestic flight, followed by a multimillion-dollar stake from a foreign investor.
Saudi Vision 2030, the Kingdom’s strategy to diversify the economy, has helped entrepreneurs such as Al-Yami. He said he received great support from the ministries who have the platform he needs to raise awareness of his business.
He talked fondly of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, who is behind the reform drive in the country, and said he is close to us in age and understands us.
But Al-Yami insisted that the bigger goal for him is a religious one. “I am doing this to earn good deeds,” he said. He only wants to improve the conditions for the many millions of pilgrims that come to the Kingdom to fulfill their rites. “I want to do something that I am proud of during my life, and after death,” he said. “I also want to be part of the efforts of my country in helping the pilgrims.”
Within three years he predicts five million of them will be wearing his technologically enhanced Ihram.

Crown prince: Saudi investment in India to reach $100bn

Updated 20 February 2019

Crown prince: Saudi investment in India to reach $100bn

  • Mohammed bin Salman says value of investments to increase rapidly over next two years
  • Modi praised relations between the two countries after signing cooperation agreements

DUBAI: Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman said on Wednesday he expects Saudi Arabia’s investments in India will be worth $100 billion in the next two years.

During a press conference with India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the crown prince said the Kingdom had invested $10 billion in technology and small companies in India which had “achieved very remarkable returns.”

Speaking on the second day of hist India visit, and after the signing of five agreements with Modi, the crown prince also said that there were many opportunities for India in Saudi Arabia.

“We expect that the opportunity we are developing in India in many fields will exceed 100 billion dollars over the next two years,” Prince Mohammed said. “We want to work as two governments to ensure these investments and achieve beneficial returns for both countries. 

“We also hope that relations between the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and India will contribute to providing more opportunities for Indian laborers and manpower to contribute to the future of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and building the Kingdom's Vision 2030.”



Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman pledges commitment to Saudi-Indian relations

Greeted with a hug: Saudi crown prince welcomed to India by PM Modi

Full Asia tour coverage 


The crown prince spoke of the depth and history of relations between the two countries, acknowledging the role Indian labor and businesses had played in the Kingdom’s development.

He also said the economic partnerships were grounded in the two nation’s similar challenges - “extremism, terrorism and the security of the Indian Ocean.”

He said Modi’s visit to the Kingdom in 2016 had achieved investments worth $44 billion in refining and petrochemicals.

The two countries planned to expand India’s oil storage capacity to make India an “important regional center in distributing oil and its products.”

"As a neighbor who guarantees suppying us with energy needs, the Kingdom is considered India's most important partner," Modi said. "We have enhanced our relations through establishing a strategic partnership."

The crown prince and Modi earlier oversaw the signing of agreements in the fields of investment, tourism, housing and information and broadcasting.

It was also announced that the Kingdom would join the International Solar Alliance, a group of countries focussed on improving solar technology.

Prince Mohammed then met a number of CEOs from India's leading businesses.

The crown prince arrived in India after a two-day trip to Pakistan as part of a tour of Asia.

Earlier he attended a ceremonial welcome in New Delhi after landing in the country on Tuesday evening.