What We Are Reading Today: Forging the Franchise

Updated 02 September 2018
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What We Are Reading Today: Forging the Franchise

BOOK TITLE: Forging the Franchise: The Political Origins of the Women’s Vote 

AUTHOR:  Dawn Langan Teele

 

In the 1880s, women were barred from voting in all national-level elections, but by 1920 they were going to the polls in nearly thirty countries.

What caused this massive change? Why did male politicians agree to extend voting rights to women?

Contrary to conventional wisdom, it was not because of progressive ideas about women or suffragists’ pluck.

In most countries, elected politicians fiercely resisted enfranchising women, preferring to extend such rights only when it seemed electorally prudent and in fact necessary to do so.

Through a careful examination of the tumultuous path to women’s political inclusion in the US, France, and the UK, Forging the Franchise demonstrates that the formation of a broad movement across social divides, and strategic alliances with political parties in competitive electoral conditions, provided the leverage that ultimately transformed women into voters, says a review on the Princeton University Press website.

 


The Six: Common scents you can find across the Middle East

Middle Eastern Perfume brands that are changing the industry. (Shutterstock)
Updated 12 November 2018
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The Six: Common scents you can find across the Middle East

DUBAI:These Middle Eastern perfume brands are changing the face of the fragrance industry in the region.

Kayali
Huda and Mona Kattan, the Iraqi-American moguls behind cosmetics brand Huda Beauty, are launching their first-ever fragrance collection on Nov. 16. Called Kayali, the collection features four scents — Elixir, Vanilla, Musk and Citrus.

Anfas
Anfas was launched by Emirati perfumer Asim Al-Qassim, who trained under master perfumer Rosendo Mateu in Spain.

Arcadia
Founded by Emirati perfumer Amna Al-Habtoor after she studied at The Cotswolds Perfumery in the UK, this brand offers unizex perfumes that are, according to the company, paraben-free, chemical-free and cruelty-free.

Odict
The name of this Kuwaiti-Saudi brand, founded by Omar Al-Houli and Abdullah Al-Dossari, combines the words “oud” and “addict.” It is made in France and mixes traditional Eastern notes, such as frankincense, with contemporary notes like bergamot.

The Fragrance Kitchen
Founded by the nephew of the emir of Kuwait, TFK combines familiar Middle Eastern scents with laboratory expertise. Expect notes such as oud, saffron and cedar wood in this delicious-smelling collection.

Lootah
Named after scent connoisseur Saleh bin Nasser bin Lootah, this UAE-based brand creates Eastern and French perfumes, incenses, oud and luxury perfumed oils.