Protests grow as Aoun, Hariri seek end to Lebanon impasse

Lebanese Prime Minister-designate Saad al-Hariri looks on as he speaks at the presidential palace in Baabda, Lebanon Sep. 3, 2018. (REUTERS)
Updated 04 September 2018
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Protests grow as Aoun, Hariri seek end to Lebanon impasse

  • According to the sources close to Hariri, prospects for forming a government “are not blocked”
  • Aoun’s position was seen by the political forces in disagreement on the number of portfolios

BEIRUT: A Lebanese man demonstrating outside the Lebanese Ministry of Social Affairs in Beirut inflicted cuts on his body in protest against his “bad living situation.”

The man, in his 60s, sat in front of security forces guarding the ministry offices as he made his protest.

An employee at the ministry told Arab News that “it is not the first incident of its kind, but this phenomenon has begun to multiply and is caused by poverty.”

A political dispute in Lebanon on the formation of the government is deepening following disagreement on the distribution of portfolios among political rivals.

Lebanon is waiting for the government to be finalized so the decisions of the Cedar Conference can be activated. The decisions — related to economic reforms badly needed by Lebanon — cannot be activated after six months.

The pace of contacts and meetings between Saad Hariri, the prime minister-designate, and the political factions accelerated on Tuesday.

According to the sources close to Hariri, prospects for forming a government “are not blocked.”

Sources told Arab News that “the atmosphere is positive, Prime Minister Hariri presented his formula and the president of the republic (Michel Aoun) reviewed and made his remarks on them and things are open to negotiation.”

On the 102nd day of his appointment, Hariri presented a “formula for a national unity government in which no one wins,” as he said after meeting with Aoun on Monday night. Hariri described the “presented formula” as “preliminary, and let’s see if we can reach a result.”

Aoun’s response came a few hours later, stressing that it was a “preliminary formula.” A statement issued by his office said that “President Aoun made some remarks on this formula based on the principles and criteria he set for the government’s form, which Lebanon’s interests dictate. Aoun will continue to consult with Hariri in preparation for the agreement on the government formula.”

Aoun’s position was seen by the political forces in disagreement on the number of portfolios that they demand as a “negative attitude,” prompting sources familiar with Aoun’s position to tell Arab News: “It does not mean that President Aoun rejected it definitively or blocked the way in front of it, but he showed a series of negotiable observations on it.”

These sources reiterated Aoun’s position that the government structure should reflect “the results of the parliamentary elections.”

The first to be affected by Aoun’s comments on the formula appeared to be the Lebanese Forces party. A member of the Forces parliamentary bloc, George Adwan, talked about a rejection by the president and the Free Patriotic Movement for the Forces to have “four cabinet ministries in the future government.”

Adwan said that “the Forces have conceded to the minimum of their rights, but some thought that it was a ‘Bazaar.’ However, after what happened, we will return to our demand for five ministers with a sovereign portfolio.”

The Lebanese Forces delegated Information Minister Melhem Riashi to meet with Hariri on Tuesday. The Progressive Socialist Party also delegated MP Timur Jumblatt to meet with Hariri. Hariri chaired a meeting of his parliamentary bloc, which was attended by members of the Political Bureau of the Future Movement.

This political confusion prompted the Lebanese Phalange Party to stress that “all those obstructing the formation (of the government) who are steeped in quotas, sizes and gains bear the responsibility of the political instability prevailing in the country.”

The party warned in a statement of “the danger of wasting time.”


UN begins evacuating refugees from Libya to Niger

Updated 3 min 43 sec ago
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UN begins evacuating refugees from Libya to Niger

GENEVA: The UN said Friday it had evacuated 163 refugees from war-ravaged Libya to neighboring Niger, but more than 3,000 others were still trapped in detention centers affected by clashes.
The move marked the first evacuation of refugees and migrants out of Libya since fighting escalated in Tripoli two weeks ago, the UN refugee agency said.
“Given the situation in Libya, humanitarian evacuations are a lifeline for detained refugees whose lives are in jeopardy in Libya,” UN refugee chief Filippo Grandi said in a statement.
The operation came as fierce fighting continued between forces loyal to strongman Khalifa Haftar and those backing the internationally recognized Government of National Accord (GNA).
The renewed fighting has killed over 200 people and left more than 900 wounded, the World Health Organization said Thursday.
More than 25,000 have been displaced, according to the International Organization for Migration.
Dozens of women and children were among those evacuated on the UNHCR flight that landed in Niger early Friday morning.
They had all been held in detention centers near the frontlines of the conflict.
UNHCR said it had previously relocated many of them from the Abu Selim and Ain Zara centers to its Gathering and Departure Facility (GDF) in the center of the capital.
In all, it said, it had relocated 539 refugees from several detention centers near the immediate fighting zone.
But it said more than 3,000 refugees and migrants remain trapped in detention in areas where the fighting was raging.
The agency said it remained “extremely concerned” for the safety of those who remain “trapped inside detention centers and exposed to violence.”
Grandi meanwhile hailed Niger for welcoming the refugees and urged other countries to follow suit.
“Niger’s solidarity in receiving these refugees is world-leading and exemplary, but Niger cannot do this alone,” he said.
“There must be shared responsibility and we need other countries to come forward to lend a hand and help bring vulnerable refugees out of Libya to safety.”
UNHCR issued an urgent appeal to the international community to find solutions for all the trapped and detained refugees in Libya.
Among other things, it said there was a need for evacuations and humanitarian corridors to allow refugees in its GDF in Tripoli to find safety abroad.
It also said new such spaces were needed, since the facility had only limited capacity.