Iraqi resort a macabre emblem of war and state decay

Iraqi's Lake Habbaniyah was once a tourist hot spot, but has fallen into neglect since the US invasion in 2003. (AFP / File)
Updated 05 September 2018
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Iraqi resort a macabre emblem of war and state decay

  • Iraq’s once famous Lake Habbaniyah has not been maintained since the US invasion in 2003
  • Piles of garbage and drained swimming pools create the impression of a ghost town in the area

HABBANIYAH, Iraq: In the 1980s, Iraq’s Lake Habbaniyah was a tourist hotspot, popular with wealthy newlyweds and so luxurious it was even a haunt of dictator Saddam Hussein and his fearsome entourage.
Top-notch restaurants, flower gardens and pristine lakeside bungalows saw Habbaniyah Tourism City pull in clients from across the Middle East and beyond.
But like much of Iraq, this oasis — located between Fallujah and Ramadi — has fallen into disrepair since the US-led military coalition toppled Saddam 15 years ago.
“The tourist complex is terribly degraded,” admits 60-year-old Karim Turki, who has spent nearly half his life running communications for the state-run complex.
Standing in front of a bungalow festooned with torn electric wires, he laments a “paradise lost.”
Piles of garbage, drained swimming pools and a merry-go-round featuring limbless horses create the impression of a ghost town.
Under the American occupation, armed extremist groups in 2006 and 2007 installed operations rooms in the sprawling complex’s deserted hotel and bungalows.
Iraq’s police retook control in 2008 and the resort staged a brief revival — amateur jet skiers returned to the still-sparkling lake and families enjoyed picnics on the shore.
In a bid to attract a rush of new foreign visitors, a Turkish firm was contracted to revive the facilities around the vast artificial lake, which was created in 1956.
But it was all in vain.
After a few months, the firm threw in the towel.
The zone became a new theater of sectarian violence, culminating in the Daesh group taking control.
During the Iraqi army’s long offensive to dislodge IS, the state requisitioned the resort’s 500 bungalows and 265-room hotel to accommodate some of those displaced by the latest round of conflict.
While the government declared victory over the jihadists in December and Iraqi tourism has begun to revive, the days of access roads to Habbaniyah being clogged with traffic jams are long gone.
But there has been a trickle of visitors — some keen to cool off briefly in the summer heat, others seeking a longer trip down memory lane.
“People come to Habbaniyah today to remember the good old times,” Turki says.
Saad Alani honeymooned on the lake in the early 1990s, during its golden age.
He ventured back last year — a mistake, he says.
“The place has become a dump. There is no water or electricity, and no service,” he tells AFP.
And Alani is not the only one to be disappointed.
“This is the last time I come,” says Hussein Jabbar, a civil servant from Baghdad, visiting with a dozen friends.
“Before, it was great — but everything has deteriorated,” he adds, pointing to the lifeless lake banks where amateur sailors and flunkies once roamed.
A few small unpretentious canteens and lakeside stalls endure, but returnees are dismayed to find that the famed restaurants are derelict and the once immaculate gardens overgrown.
For Alani, the way to revive tourism in Habbaniyah is simple, given that Iraq is the 12th most corrupt country in the world, according to NGO Transparency International.
“We must engage with specialist private tourism companies and retire Lake Habbaniyah from state hands,” he says.
Iraq’s ministries of tourism and culture did not respond to AFP’s requests for comment.


Egyptian security forces kill 16 suspected militants

Updated 19 February 2019
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Egyptian security forces kill 16 suspected militants

  • Egyptian security forces killed 16 suspected militants in two separate raids in the city of Arish in North Sinai
  • The two sides were involved in exchanges of fire

CAIRO: Egyptian security forces killed 16 suspected militants in two separate raids in the city of Arish in North Sinai, state media said on Tuesday.
The report came the day after an explosion in central Cairo killed three policemen.
Ten suspected militants were killed in the Obeidat district of Arish and another six were killed in the Abu Eita district of the city, state-run Al Ahram said.
An undisclosed quantity of weapons, ammunition and explosives were found with the six in Abu Eita.
The two sides exchanged gunfire, it said without elaborating. It made no mention of any security forces casualties.
The suspected militants’ bodies were taken to several hospitals in the city of Ismailia to be examined and identified, security and medical sources said.
Egypt has been fighting an extremist insurgency since 2013, mostly concentrated in North Sinai.