Spanish MPs approve exhumation of dictator Franco

Former Spanish dictator General Francisco Franco salutes the crowd watched by the former Spanish king, Juan Carlos I. (Reuters)
Updated 13 September 2018
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Spanish MPs approve exhumation of dictator Franco

  • Franco was buried in 1975 in the Valley of the Fallen, a shrine he ordered built 50 kilometers northwest of Madrid
  • The sensitive decision to move Franco’s remains from his vast mausoleum near Madrid was approved by parliament

MADRID: Spanish lawmakers on Thursday approved a decree by the Socialist government authorizing the exhumation of late dictator Francisco Franco.
The sensitive decision to move Franco’s remains from his vast mausoleum near Madrid was approved by a vote of 172 in favor, two against and 164 abstentions.
Franco was buried in 1975 in the Valley of the Fallen, a shrine he ordered built 50 kilometers (30 miles) northwest of Madrid and topped with a 150-meter cross.
In August, Spain’s new center-left administration of Pedro Sanchez approved legal amendments to a 2007 law to allow the exhumation.

Built by Franco’s regime between 1940 and 1959 — in part by the forced labor of political prisoners — the monument holds the remains of around 37,000 dead from both sides of the civil war, which was triggered by Franco’s rebellion against an elected Republican government.
Franco, whose Nationalist forces defeated the Republicans in the war, dedicated the site to “all the fallen” of the conflict in an attempt at reconciliation, but only two graves are marked — those of Franco and Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, the founder of the far-right Falangist party which supported Franco.
But victims’ relatives and activists have campaigned against it because forced labor was used in its construction and because it keeps Franco’s tomb in a prominent location, near the basilica’s altar.
The site was long used as a place to pay tribute to Franco on the anniversary of his death, but that was stopped by a 2007 law.
Many on the left are repulsed by its existence, comparing it to a monument glorifying Hitler. Others, often on the right, insist the Valley of the Fallen is just a piece of history whose critics have twisted its true meaning.
In parliament on Thursday, Deputy Prime Minister Carmen Calvo called for the end of the “extraordinary anomaly” of having a former dictator “exalted” in a state mausoleum.
“There will be no respect, no honor, no harmony as long as Franco’s remains are in the same place as his victims,” Calvo said.
She recalled that parliament had already approved last year a non-binding motion calling for Franco’s remains to be removed from the mausoleum but the motion was ignored by the former conservative government of Mariano Rajoy.
Rajoy’s government condemned Francoism but had blocked previous attempts to exhume the dictator’s bones.
The Socialist government has indicated the body would be exhumed by the end of the year.
Franco’s family has fiercely opposed the decision, which has divided Spain and opened old wounds.
The family has said it would if necessary “take care” of Franco´s remains which was taken to mean they will take them to a family vault in Madrid.
According to deputy PM Calvo, if the family refuses to transfer his remains there, the government will pick a spot to rebury him.
The Francisco Franco Foundation, which receives state funding despite some calls to end it, has pledged to legally fight any moves to exhume Franco’s remains.


400-year-old shipwreck ‘discovery of decade’ for Portugal

Updated 25 September 2018
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400-year-old shipwreck ‘discovery of decade’ for Portugal

  • Freire and his team believe the ship was wrecked between 1575 and 1625, when Portugal’s spice trade with India was at its peak

CASCAIS, Portugal: Archaeologists searching Portugal’s coast have found a 400-year-old shipwreck believed to have sunk near Lisbon after returning from India laden with spices, specialists said on Monday.
“From a heritage perspective, this is the discovery of the decade,” project director Jorge Freire said. “In Portugal, this is the most important find of all time.”
In and around the shipwreck, 40 feet (12 meters) below the surface, divers found spices, nine bronze cannons engraved with the Portuguese coat of arms, Chinese ceramics and cowry shells, a type of currency used to trade slaves during the colonial era.
Found on Sept. 3 off the coast of Cascais, a resort town on the outskirts of Lisbon, the shipwreck and its objects were “very well-preserved,” said Freire.
Freire and his team believe the ship was wrecked between 1575 and 1625, when Portugal’s spice trade with India was at its peak.
In 1994, Portuguese ship Our Lady of the Martyrs was discovered near Fort of Sao Juliao da Barra, a military defense complex near Cascais.
“For a long time, specialists have considered the mouth of the Tagus river a hotspot for shipwrecks,” said Minister of Culture Luis Mendes. “This discovery came to prove it.”
The wreck was found as part of a 10-year-old archaeological project backed by the municipal council of Cascais, the navy, the Portuguese government and Nova University of Lisbon.