Saudi railways approach 67th anniversary, play large role in linking cities

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Saudi railways also contribute to economic and social development and play a pivotal role in transporting goods and passengers between cities in the Kingdom.(SPA)
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Saudi railways also contribute to economic and social development and play a pivotal role in transporting goods and passengers between cities in the Kingdom.(SPA)
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Saudi railways also contribute to economic and social development and play a pivotal role in transporting goods and passengers between cities in the Kingdom.(SPA)
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Saudi railways also contribute to economic and social development and play a pivotal role in transporting goods and passengers between cities in the Kingdom.(SPA)
Updated 20 September 2018
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Saudi railways approach 67th anniversary, play large role in linking cities

JEDDAH: Saudi Arabia’s railways are considered one of the main methods of transportation and the Kingdom has always paid attention to its railway sector. 
The railways also contribute to economic and social development and play a pivotal role in transporting goods and passengers between cities in the Kingdom.
Construction of the the Riyadh-Dammam railway line began in 1947, and it has transported passengers and goods since its inauguration on October 20, 1951. 
The railway line is 569 km long and its opening coincided with the establishment of a large commercial port in the Eastern Province.
In the beginning, the railway line was run by Aramco, but it was subsequently entrusted to the Ministry of Finance.
On May 13, 1966 a royal decree was issued establishing the The Saudi Railways Organization (SRO) as a public corporation having full legal status.
The development of the vital Riyadh-Dammam line emphasizes the state’s keenness to develop the railway sector. Several railway lines linking Riyadh to numerous cities in the Eastern Province have been built, and the main line linking Riyadh and Dammam has been modernized.
The main railway stations for passengers opened in Riyadh, Dammam, and Hofuf in 1981, and in 1985, another railway line between Riyadh and Dammam measuring 449 km was built. The line shortened the journey time between the two cities from 420 minutes to 300 minutes. Modern SRO trains travel at around 160 km per hour.
A considerable number of passengers use SRO trains and this is a sign of the confidence that citizens and residents put in the railways as a means of safe transportation compared to other forms of transport. Passenger trains transported approximately 1.48 million passengers during 2017 between stations in Dammam, Abqaiq, Hofuf, and Riyadh.


How ‘Absher’ app liberates Saudis from government bureaucracy

The Absher website also provides information on how to report wanted persons, or administrative or financial corruption. (Supplied)
Updated 3 min 15 sec ago
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How ‘Absher’ app liberates Saudis from government bureaucracy

  • Western media mistaken in portraying app as a tool of repression, leading female journalist says

JEDDAH: Absher, the “one-click” e-services app launched by the Interior Ministry in 2015, is now regarded as the leading government platform for Saudi citizens, freeing them from bureaucratic inefficiency and endless queuing for everyday services.
However, in a recent New York Times article, the app was criticized as a “tool of repression” following claims by Democratic Senator Ron Wyden and women’s rights groups.
Apple and Google were urged to remove the application from their devices over claims that it “enables abhorrent surveillance and control of women.”
In an official statement, the ministry rejected the allegations and said the Absher platform centralized more than 160 different services for all members of society, including women, the elderly and people with special needs.
The app makes electronic government services available for beneficiaries to access directly at any time and from any place in the Kingdom, the ministry said.
Absher allows residents of the Kingdom to make appointments, renew IDs, passports, driver’s licenses, car registration and other services with one click.
Many Saudis still recall having to queue at government agencies, such as passport control offices and civil affairs departments, for a variety of official procedures. Appointments could take weeks to arrange, with people relying on their green files, or “malaf allagi” — the 1980s and 1990s paper form of Absher that was known as the citizen’s “lifeline,” both figuratively and literally.
Hours would be spent as government departments ferried files back and forth, and if a form was lost, the whole transaction process would have to start again. As complicated as it was for men, women suffered more.
Muna Abu Sulayman, an award-winning strategy adviser and media personality, told Arab News the introduction of Absher had helped strengthen women’s rights.
Sulayman said she was disappointed at comments on the e-services platform being made abroad. “There are consequences that people don’t understand. It’s a very idealistic and naive way of understanding what is going on,” she said.
“The discussion on the guardianship law is internal and ongoing — it is something that has to be decided by our society and not as a result of outside pressure. We’re making strides toward equality and Absher is a step in the right direction,” she said.
“In a Twitter survey, I asked how many women have access to their guardian’s Absher. Most answered that they control their own fate. Men who don’t believe in controlling women gave them access to their Absher and that shows an increase in the participation of women in their own decision-making.”
Absher also provides services such as e-forms, dealing with Hajj eligibility, passport control, civil affairs, public services, traffic control, and medical appointments at government hospitals.
The platform is available to all men and women, and removes much of the bureaucracy and time wasting associated with nonautomated administrative systems.
On the issue of granting women travel permits, the law requires a male guardian to grant it through the portal, as well as for men under the age of 21.
Retired King Abdullah University professor Dr. Zainab M. Zain told Arab News: “I always had issues with my passport renewal as well as my children’s as they are both non-Saudi. For years it was risky not to follow up properly at passport control — you never knew what could happen, but now I can renew their permits by paying their fees online through Absher from the comfort of my home in Abu Dhabi.”
Ehsanul Haque, a Pakistani engineer who has lived in the Kingdom for more than 30 years, said: “Absher has helped tremendously with requests, such as exit and entry visas for my family and myself. I can receive approval within an hour whereas once it would’ve taken me days,” he said.
“The platform has eased many of my troubles.”
The Absher website also provides information on how to report wanted persons, or administrative or financial corruption.
In April, 2018, the ministry launched “Absher Business,” a technical initiative to transfer its business services to an interactive digital system.
With an annual fee of SR2,000 ($533), business owners such as Marwan Bukhary, owner of Gold Sushi Club Restaurant in Jeddah, used the portal to help manage his workers’ needs in his expanding business.
“There are many features in Absher that helps both individual and establishment owners,” he said. “I took advantage of the great features it provided, and it saved me a lot of time and trouble and also my restaurant workers. It’s a dramatic change. When Absher Business was launched last year, it organized how I needed to manage my workers’ work permits.
“Through the system, I could see the status of all my employees, renew their permits, grant their exit and entry visas, and have their permits delivered to my house or my business through the post after paying the fees. It saved business owners a lot of time and energy.
“I used to have to do everything manually myself or have my courier help. I believe it’s the government’s most advanced system yet with more features being added every now and then,” Bukhary said.
“Absher has eased our burden, unlike the old days when we needed to visit government offices and it would take four weeks just to get an appointment. One click is all it takes now.”