Hail’s ‘Historic Jubbah City’ offers a peep into Saudi Arabia’s ancient history

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Jubbah City is considered an essential destination for Westerners visiting the Kingdom, given its geographic location on the road of the old nomad convoys. (SPA)
Updated 07 April 2019
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Hail’s ‘Historic Jubbah City’ offers a peep into Saudi Arabia’s ancient history

  • Distinct drawings and petroglyphs take visitors through a journey of evolution in the region

HAIL: Historic Jubbah City in Hail is one of the Kingdom’s most important ancient sites. It is a beautiful desert destination visited by thousands of tourists from around the globe every year, and was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2015.
It has the remains of some the oldest human sites currently known, dating back to the Stone Age, as well as drawings, carvings and petroglyphs on the rock surfaces of surrounding mountains, made with ancient stone tools that tourists can see and learn about.
Some of the most important carvings, dating back around 9,000 years, are found in the Umm-Sinman and Ghouta mountains.
The Umm-Sinman complex is marked by a number of carvings and Thamudic drawings dispersed over the mountain. Umm-Sinman — literally “the mother of humps” — is said to resemble a female camel with two humps lying on the ground. It has 5,431 Thamudic carvings, 1,944 drawings of animals, and 262 drawings of humans.

Timeline
The mountain drawings and carvings depict the daily lives of the humans and animals that inhabited the area. Their timeline is long, featuring both Neolithic and Paleolithic carvings, ranging all the way to the Thamudic era about 3,000 years ago. Some of the most distinct drawings and petroglyphs show a key moment of evolution for the ancient peoples of the Arabian peninsula: The domestication of camels, shown by the emergence of images of people riding them carrying spears.
Jubbah City is considered an essential destination for Westerners visiting the Kingdom, given its geographic location on the road of the old nomad convoys. In recent times, it has become even more attractive, with government investment in improving the standards of facilities available to the public. The completion of the most recent project to develop the sites of Jubbah and the surrounding area contributed to building pedestrian pathways, platforms with linked wooden stairs to observe rock drawings, installing multilingual signs to explain the history and meaning of the historic drawings, and putting up awnings to protect people from the weather.

Decoder

What's Umm-Sinman?

It's a mountain complex in Saudi Arabia's northern region of Hail, specifically in "Historic Jubbah City", which is one of the Kingdom's most important ancient sites. Some of the most important carvings, dating back around 9,000 years, are found in the Umm-Sinman and Ghouta mountains. Umm-Sinman — literally “the mother of humps” — is said to resemble a female camel with two humps lying on the ground. It has 5,431 Thamudic carvings, 1,944 drawings of animals, and 262 drawings of humans.


Saudi Ministry: Improved pilgrim services have had positive impact

The program produced more than 40 initiatives concerned with pilgrims’ services during their stay in Saudi Arabia. (SPA)
Updated 6 min 26 sec ago
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Saudi Ministry: Improved pilgrim services have had positive impact

  • French Consul General Mustapha Mihraj said that King Salman’s government had exerted vigorous efforts to facilitate Hajj and Umrah rituals for pilgrims

MAKKAH: Bassam Ghulman, deputy minister for transportation affairs at the Ministry of Hajj and Umrah, said that the Cabinet’s decision to improve pilgrims’ services has created a positive impact, and served as a starting point for promoting the goals of Saudi Vision 2030.
This came during the signing ceremony of 19 partnerships with public, non-profit and private sector bodies, signed by the governing council of the Tawafa Organization for Pilgrims from Turkey, Europe, America and Australia on Thursday in Jeddah. The ceremony was attended by representatives from the US, UK, France and Turkey.
The organization’s chairman, Tariq Ankawi, noted that all partnerships fell within the “2019 Initiatives,” a program by the organization inspired by Saudi Vision 2030, which aims to “promote local content, create partnerships and improve the Hajj experience.” The program produced more than 40 initiatives concerned with pilgrims’ services and their needs during their stay in the Kingdom. 
French Consul General Mustapha Mihraj said that King Salman’s government had exerted vigorous efforts to facilitate Hajj and Umrah rituals for pilgrims.